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Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft

Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft
Category Touring cars
Country 23x15px Germany
Inaugural season 1984
Folded 1996
Constructors 23x15px Mercedes-Benz
23x15px Audi
23x15px Opel
23x15px Alfa Romeo
23x15px BMW
Tyre suppliers Michelin, Dunlop, Bridgestone
Last Drivers' champion 23x15px Manuel Reuter
Last Teams' champion 23x15px Opel
Official website www.dtm.de

The Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft (German Touring Car Championship, or DTM) was a touring car racing series held from 1984 to 1996. Originally based in Germany, it held additional rounds elsewhere in Europe and later worldwide.

The original DTM had resumed racing with production based cars, as the former Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft had switched to Group 5 in 1977 and even to expensive Group C sportscars in 1982, leading to its decline. Since 2000, a new DTM has been run as the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, again organised by ITR.

History

File:Alfa Romeo 155 Alfa Corse in Arese 20070608.jpg
The Alfa Romeo 155 V6 TI DTM of 1993 champion Nicola Larini. The 155 holds the all-time record of 38 victories in DTM.

Rise of the original DTM

The original DTM was started in 1984 as Deutschen Produktionswagen Meisterschaft (German Production Car Championship), with cars entered by privateer teams and under FIA Group A rules, but was extensively modified throughout the years, allowing more modifications. In the late 1980s, works teams joined the DTM, and it became one of the most popular motorsport championships in Europe.

In 1993, the Group A rules were abandoned in favor of a more liberalised 2.5 L engine category called FIA Class 1 Touring Cars, with extensive use of ABS, four-wheel drive, electronic driver aids and carbon fibre chassis, the former three were technologies that were banned from F1. Opel, Mercedes-Benz and Alfa Romeo all fielded works teams after Audi and BMW had abandoned earlier.

DTM to ITC and demise

The DTM expanded its horizons for the 1995 season and the teams contested the inaugural FIA International Touring Car Series [1] as well as the traditional DTM.[2] The former was contested over ten races, all held outside of Germany and the latter over fourteen races within Germany. Plans were then made to combine the two into one new series, the International Touring Car Championship, for 1996. The ITR governing body then sought approval and support from the FIA to begin the new series. In exchange for FIA support, the ITR let the organisation take control over many aspects of the way the ITC was run: crucially, the financial side of the championship was revolutionised. A large proportion of the revenue generated by the championship went to the FIA, with the result that less went to the teams who subsequently complained of little return on their increasingly large investment in the high-tech series (this was further exacerbated by the travel costs to the new international rounds in Suzuka, Japan and Interlagos, Brazil). The FIA also increased the price for television rights dramatically with the result that television coverage of the series disappeared from all European countries except Italy, Germany and Finland, prices for tickets to races were almost doubled, and access to the circuit paddock to meet the drivers (which had previously been a big hit with fans) was drastically reduced. The choices of circuits on which to hold rounds of the championship were also unsuccessful – the rounds at Magny-Cours, France and particularly Interlagos suffered very poor attendance. Questions were also raised by the manufacturers as to why they were racing in countries in which their cars were not actually sold (Alfa Romeos were not sold in Brazil).[citation needed] Opel and Alfa Romeo both left the championship after the 1996 season, leaving only Mercedes; the championship was consequently cancelled.

The new DTM

The DTM returned in the year 2000 with different rules and without International Championship status. The DTM initials now stand for Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters (German Touring Car Masters).

Champions

Season Series Name Champion
/ Car
Second Third Manufacturers Champion [3]
1984 Deutschen Produktionswagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Volker Strycek
23x15px BMW 635CSi
23x15px Olaf Manthey 23x15px Harald Grohs not awarded
1985 Deutschen Produktionswagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Per Stureson
23x15px Volvo 240 Turbo
23x15px Olaf Manthey 23x15px Harald Grohs not awarded
1986 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Kurt Thiim
23x15px Rover Vitesse
23x15px Volker Weidler 23x15px Kurt König not awarded
1987 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Eric van de Poele
23x15px BMW M3
23x15px Manuel Reuter 23x15px Marc Hessel not awarded
1988 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Klaus Ludwig
23x15px Ford Sierra RS500
23x15px Roland Asch 23x15px Armin Hahne not awarded
1989 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Roberto Ravaglia
23x15px BMW M3
23x15px Klaus Niedzwiedz 23x15px Fabien Giroix not awarded
1990 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Hans-Joachim Stuck
23x15px Audi V8 Quattro
23x15px Johnny Cecotto 23x15px Kurt Thiim not awarded
1991 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Frank Biela
23x15px Audi V8 Quattro
23x15px Klaus Ludwig 23x15px Hans-Joachim Stuck 23x15px Mercedes-Benz
1992 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Klaus Ludwig
23x15px Mercedes-Benz 190E Evo 2
23x15px Kurt Thiim 23x15px Bernd Schneider 23x15px Mercedes-Benz
1993 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Nicola Larini
23x15px Alfa Romeo 155 V6 Ti
23x15px Roland Asch 23x15px Bernd Schneider 23x15px Alfa Romeo
1994 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Klaus Ludwig
23x15px Mercedes-Benz C Class
23x15px Jörg van Ommen 23x15px Nicola Larini 23x15px Mercedes-Benz
1995 Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft 23x15px Bernd Schneider
23x15px Mercedes C-Class V6
23x15px Jörg van Ommen 23x15px Klaus Ludwig 23x15px Mercedes-Benz
International Touring Car Series[4] 23x15px Bernd Schneider
23x15px Mercedes C-Class V6
23x15px Jan Magnussen 23x15px Dario Franchitti 23x15px Mercedes-Benz
1996 International Touring Car Championship 23x15px Manuel Reuter
23x15px Opel Calibra V6 4x4
23x15px Bernd Schneider 23x15px Alessandro Nannini 23x15px Opel
1997–
1999
DTM / ITCC not held
2000–
present
Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters See Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters

See also

External links

References

  1. 1995 ITC schedule and standings Retrieved from www.motorsport-archive.com on 17 November 2009
  2. 1995 DTM schedule and standings Retrieved from www.motorsport-archive.com on 17 November 2009
  3. www.motorsport-archive.com Retrieved on 17 November 2009
  4. FIA results for the 1995 International Touring Car Series Retrieved from web.archive.org on 16 November 2009