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Diaphragmatic hernia

Diaphragmatic hernia
File:Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia.JPG
This is a photo of a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a cat. The photo was taken during necropsy from the right side of the cat. To the left is the abdomen, where part of the liver and the gall bladder can be seen. The diaphragm is in the middle. To the right is the thorax. The largest object seen in the thorax is the rest of the liver. Just to the right of that is the heart. The liver was connected to itself through a small hole in the diaphragm (not seen).
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 K44
ICD-9 553.3
DiseasesDB 31491
MedlinePlus 001135
eMedicine med/3487
NCI Diaphragmatic hernia
Patient UK Diaphragmatic hernia
MeSH D006548

Diaphragmatic hernia is a defect or hole in the diaphragm that allows the abdominal contents to move into the chest cavity. Treatment is usually surgical.

The following types of diaphragmatic hernia exist:

Signs and symptoms

A scaphoid abdomen (sucked inwards) may be the presenting symptom in a newborn.[1]

Diagnosis

File:Diaphragm hernia2.jpg
A right sided diaphragmatic hernia with the stomach in the chest (left side of image marked by the arrow). Note the air fluid level in the stomach.

Diagnosis can be made by either CT or Xray.

References

  1. ^ Durward, Heather; Baston, Helen (2001). Examination of the newborn: a practical guide. New York: Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 0-415-19184-X. 

External links

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