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Diocese of Dacia

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This page is a soft redirect.Dacia and Illyria in 400 AD

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This page is a soft redirect. Serdica (modern Sofia)



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This page is a soft redirect.Merged into the newly formed Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.Merged back into Illyricum after Theodosius' death
Diocese of Dacia
Dioecesis Daciarum
Diocese of the Roman Empire
ca. 337 – 580s
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This page is a soft redirect. Historical era
Late Antiquity
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This page is a soft redirect.Split from Diocese of Moesia
ca. 337
357
384
395
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This page is a soft redirect.Devastaded by the Avars
ca. 580s

The Diocese of Dacia (Latin: Dioecesis Daciae) was a diocese of the later Roman Empire, in the area of modern Serbia, Montenegro and western Bulgaria. It was subordinate to the praetorian prefecture of Illyricum. Its capital was at Serdica (modern Sofia).

History

Emperor Aurelian (270-275), confronted with the secession of Gallia and Hispania from the empire since 260, with the advance of the Sassanids in Asia, and the devastations that the Carpians and the Goths had done into Moesia and Illyria, abandoned the province of Dacia created by Trajan and withdrew the troops altogether, fixing the Roman frontier at the Danube. A new Dacia Aureliana was organised south of the Danube out of central Moesia, with its capital at Serdica.

The abandonment of Dacia Traiana by the Romans is mentioned by Eutropius in his Breviarium historiae Romanae, book IX :

File:Balkans 6th century.svg
Map of the northern Balkans in the 6th century, including the Diocese of Dacia and its provinces.

Later, during the administrative reforms of Diocletian and Constantine the Great, the Diocese of Moesia was created, encompassing most of the central Balkans and the Greek peninsula. After a few years, however, the diocese was split in two, forming the Diocese of Macedonia and the Diocese of Dacia, encompassing the provinces of Dacia Mediterranea (the southern, interior portion of Dacia Aureliana), Dacia Ripensis (the northern, Danubian portion of Dacia Aureliana), and Moesia Superior, Dardania and Praevalitana.

The diocese was transferred to the Western Empire in 384 by Theodosius I, probably in partial compensation to the empress Justina for his recognition of the usurpation of Magnus Maximus in the Gallic Empire. However, upon his death in 395, it reverted to the Eastern Empire, forming, together with the Diocese of Macedonia to the south, the praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.

The diocese was overrun by the Eurasian avars in late 6th-century.

Source

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