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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Districts of Sri Lanka

Districts of Sri Lanka

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In Sri Lanka, districts (Sinhalese: දිස්ත්‍රි‌ක්‌ක, Tamil: மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province. There are 25 districts organized into 9 provinces.[1] Each district is administered under a District Secretary,[2] who is appointed by the central government.[3] The main tasks of the District Secretariat involve coordinating communications and activities of the central government and Divisional Secretariats. The District Secretariat is also responsible for implementing and monitoring development projects at the district level and assisting lower-level subdivisions in their activities,[4] as well as revenue collection and coordination of elections in the district.[5] A district is divided into a number of Divisional Secretary's Divisions (commonly known as DS divisions), which are in turn subdivided into Grama Niladhari Divisions.[6] There are 256 DS divisions in the country.[1]

History

The country was first divided into several administrative units during the Anuradhapura Kingdom. The kingdom was divided into three provinces; Rajarata, Ruhuna and Malaya Rata. These were further subdivided into smaller units called rata.[7] Over time, the number of provinces increased, but the second-level administrative division continued to be the rata. However, with the country eventually being divided into more than one kingdom and with foreign colonial missions landing and taking parts of the country under their control, this structure began to change. The territory of the Kotte Kingdom was organized into four disavas, which were further subdivided into forty korales. The korales had their own civil and military officials with a small militia. The Jaffna kingdom appears to have had a similar administrative structure to this with four provinces.[8]

When the Portuguese took over parts of the country after their arrival in 1505,[9] they maintained more or less the same administrative structure followed by Sri Lankan rulers.[10] During the Dutch rule in the country, the terrain under their control was divided into three administrative divisions. These were subdivided into disavas as in earlier systems.[11] The British initially continued this system,[12] but following reforms in 1796 to 1802, the country was divided according to ethnic composition.[13][14] This was abolished by the Colebrook–Cameron reforms in 1833 and a legislative council was created,[15] making the island a politically and administratively single unit. Five provinces were created, later expanded into nine, and these were subdivided into twenty-one districts. These districts were administered by officials known as Government Agents or Assistant Government Agents.[13]

In 1955, the district replaced the province as the country's main administrative unit.[16] Ampara District was created in April 1961,[17][18] followed by the creation of Mullaitivu and Gampaha districts in September 1978[19] through a new constitution, which also reintroduced the province as the main administrative unit.[20] The last district to be created was Kilinochchi in February 1984,[21] and the current constitution (that of 1978) states that the territory of Sri Lanka consists of 25 administrative districts. These districts may be subdivided or amalgamated by a resolution of the Parliament of Sri Lanka.[22]

Districts

File:Sri Lanka Districts.png
Map of Sri Lanka showing districts.

All population data are from the most recent census of Sri Lanka, in 2012.

</td>
District Area map Province District
capital
Land
area
in km2 (mi2)
Inland
water
area
in km2 (mi2)
Total
area
in km2 (mi2)
Population
(2012)
Population
density
per km2
(per mi2)[a]
Ampara 100px Eastern Ampara Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 648,057 Script error: No such module "convert".
Anuradhapura 100px North Central Anuradhapura Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 856,232 Script error: No such module "convert".
Badulla 100px Uva Badulla Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 811,758 Script error: No such module "convert".
Batticaloa 100px Eastern Batticaloa Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 525,142 Script error: No such module "convert".
Colombo 100px Western Colombo Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 2,309,809 Script error: No such module "convert".
Galle 100px Southern Galle Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 1,058,771 Script error: No such module "convert".
Gampaha 100px Western Gampaha Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 2,294,641 Script error: No such module "convert".
Hambantota 100px Southern Hambantota Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 596,617 Script error: No such module "convert".
Jaffna 100px Northern Jaffna Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 583,378 Script error: No such module "convert".
Kalutara 100px Western Kalutara Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 1,217,260 Script error: No such module "convert".
Kandy 100px Central Kandy Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 1,369,899 Script error: No such module "convert".
Kegalle 100px Sabaragamuwa Kegalle Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 836,603 Script error: No such module "convert".
Kilinochchi 100px Northern Kilinochchi Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 112,875 Script error: No such module "convert".
Kurunegala 100px North Western Kurunegala Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 1,610,299 Script error: No such module "convert".
Mannar 100px Northern Mannar Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 99,051 Script error: No such module "convert".
Matale 100px Central Matale Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 482,229 Script error: No such module "convert".
Matara 100px Southern Matara Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 809,344 Script error: No such module "convert".
Moneragala 100px Uva Moneragala Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 448,142 Script error: No such module "convert".
Mullaitivu 100px Northern Mullaitivu Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 91,947 Script error: No such module "convert".
Nuwara Eliya 100px Central Nuwara Eliya Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 706,588 Script error: No such module "convert".
Polonnaruwa 100px North Central Polonnaruwa Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 403,335 Script error: No such module "convert".
Puttalam 100px North Western Puttalam Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 759,776 Script error: No such module "convert".
Ratnapura 100px Sabaragamuwa Ratnapura Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 1,082,277 Script error: No such module "convert".
Trincomalee 100px Eastern Trincomalee Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 378,182 Script error: No such module "convert".
Vavuniya Area map of Vavuniya District, located in the middle of the northern half of the country, running roughly in a south west—north east direction, in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka Northern Vavuniya Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 171,511 Script error: No such module "convert".
Total Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 20,263,723 Script error: No such module "convert".

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Population density has been calculated using the land area rather than the total area.

Citations

  1. ^ a b "At a Glance". Sri Lanka in Brief. Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  2. ^ "Vision & Mission". District Secretariats Portal. Ministry of Public Administration & Home Affairs, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 13 May 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  3. ^ "Kilinochchi a brief look". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 27 April 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2009. 
  4. ^ "About Us". Vavuniya District Secretariat. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
  5. ^ "Performs Report and Accounts—2008" (PDF). District and Divisional Secretariats Portal—Ministry of Public Administration and Home Affairs. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  6. ^ "Identification of DS Divisions of Sri Lanka Vulnerable for food insecurity" (PDF). World Food Programme. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  7. ^ Siriweera 2004, p. 91.
  8. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 170.
  9. ^ Hewavissenti, Panchamee (3 February 2008). "Episodes of colonised history". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  10. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 168.
  11. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 195.
  12. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 214.
  13. ^ a b Yogasundaram 2006, p. 258.
  14. ^ Peebles 2006, p. 48.
  15. ^ Peebles 2006, p. 52.
  16. ^ Peebles 2006, p. 110.
  17. ^ "Overview". Ampara District Secretariat. 
  18. ^ Mohideen, M. I. M. (27 December 2007). "Sinhalisation of East: A reply to Minister Champika Ranawaka". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  19. ^ "Population by sex and district, census years" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  20. ^ Schmiegelow, Michèle (1997). Democracy in Asia. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 425. ISBN 0-312-16495-5. 
  21. ^ Karalliyadda, S. B. (9 June 2013). "Awakening Jaffna Uthuru Wasanthaya". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 
  22. ^ "Chapter 1: The People, The State and Sovereignty". The Constitution of Sri Lanka. Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 

References

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External links

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