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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Divorce demography

Divorce demography

Divorce demography is the study of the demographic factors that impact divorce as a social phenomenon.

Methodology

Sources

Information about divorces can generally be obtained from the census data published by governmental statistics offices.

Indicators

Crude divorce rate

One measure of divorces is the crude divorce rate, which is the number of divorces per 1,000 population.[1] It can give a general overview of marriage in an area, but it does not take people who cannot marry into account. For example, it would include young children who are clearly not of marriageable age in its sample. A related measure is the refined divorce rate which measures the number of divorces per 1,000 women married to men, so that non-married persons, e.g. young children are left out of the rate.[1]

Divorce to marriage ratio

Another measure of divorces is the divorce to marriage ratio, which is the number of divorces to the number of marriages in a given year (the ratio of the crude divorce rate to the crude marriage rate).[1] For example, if there are 500 divorces and 1,000 marriages in a given year in a given area, the ratio would be one divorce for every two marriages, e.g. a ratio of 0.5 (50%). However, this measurement compares two unlike populations, those who can marry and those who can divorce.

Say there exists a community with 100,000 married couples, and very few people capable of marriage, for reasons such as age. If 1,000 people obtain divorces and 1,000 people get married in the same year, the ratio is one divorce for every marriage, which may lead people to think that the community's relationships are extremely unstable, despite the number of married people not changing. This is also true in reverse: a community with very many people of marriageable age may have 10,000 marriages and 1,000 divorces, leading people to believe that it has very stable relationships.

Furthermore, these two rates are not directly comparable since the marriage rate only examines the current year, while the divorce rate examines the outcomes of marriages for many previous years. This does not equate to the proportion of marriages in a given single-year cohort that will ultimately end in divorce.

Longitudinal study

Another solution is to conduct a longitudinal study of married batches to assess the divorce rate.

Divorce statistics by country

Country Crude marriage rate Crude divorce rate  % Divorce:marriage ratio Data Source Year
23x15px Albania 8.9 1.7 19 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Algeria 10.1 1.5 15 (2013)[4]
23x15px Armenia 6.0 1.0 17 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Australia 5.4 2.3 43 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Austria 4.5 2.1 47 (2010)[5]
23x15px Azerbaijan 9.7 1.2 12 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Bahamas 6.1 0.3 5 (2007)[2][3]
23x15px Belarus 9.2 4.1 45 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Belgium 4.20 3.0 71 (2010)[5]
23x15px Bermuda 10.6 2.7 25 (2009)[2][3]
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.1 0.4 8 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Brazil 6.6 1.4 21 (2009)[6]
23x15px Bulgaria 3.2 1.5 47 (2010)[5]
23x15px Canada 4.4 2.1 48 (2008)[2][3]
23x15px Chile 3.3 0.1 3 (2009)[2][3]
23x15px China 9.3 2.0 22 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Colombia 2.3 0.2 9 (2007)[7]
23x15px Costa Rica 5.3 2.5 47 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Croatia 4.8 1.1 23 (2010)[5]
23x15px Cuba 5.2 2.9 56 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Cyprus 7.9 2.2 28 (2009)[5]
23x15px Czech Republic 4.4 2.9 66 (2010)[5]
23x15px Denmark 5.6 2.6 46 (2010)[5]
23x15px Dominican Republic 4.4 1.8 41 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Ecuador 5.6 1.1 20 (2006)[7]
23x15px Egypt 11.0 1.9 17 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px El Salvador 3.5 0.8 23 (2006)[7]
23x15px Estonia 3.8 2.2 58 (2010)[5]
23x15px European Union 4.5 2.0 44 (2010)[5]
23x15px Finland 5.6 2.5 45 (2010)[5]
23x15px France 3.8 2.1 55 (2010)[5]
23x15px Georgia 6.9 1.3 19 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Germany 4.7 2.3 49 (2010)[5]
23x15px Gibraltar 6.7 3.2 48 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Grenada 5.0 1.1 22 (2001)[7]
23x15px Greece 4.8 1.2 25 (2008)[2][3]
23x15px Guatemala 3.8 0.2 5 (2008)[2][3]
23x15px Hungary 3.6 2.4 67 (2010)[5]
Template:Country data Iceland 4.9 1.8 37 (2010)[5]
Template:Country data Iran 12.2 1.7 14 (2009)[2][3]
23x15px Ireland 4.6 0.6 13 (2013)[8][9]
Template:Country data Israel 6.5 1.8 28 (2009)[2][3]
23x15px Italy 3.6 0.9 25 (2010)[5]
Template:Country data Jamaica 7.5 0.7 9 (2011)[2][3]
Template:Country data Japan 5.5 2.0 36 (2010)[2][3]
Template:Country data Jordan 10.2 2.6 25 (2010)[2][3]
Template:Country data Kazakhstan 8.6 2.3 27 (2008)[2][3]
Template:Country data Kuwait 5.2 2.2 42 (2010)[2][3]
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan 9.7 1.6 16 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Latvia 4.2 2.2 52 (2010)[5]
23x15px Lebanon 9.5 1.6 17 (2007)[2][3]
23x15px Libya 6.0 0.3 5 (2002)[7]
23x15px Liechtenstein 5.0 2.4 48 (2010)[5]
23x15px Lithuania 5.7 3.0 53 (2010)[5]
23x15px Luxembourg 3.5 2.1 60 (2010)[5]
23x15px Mauritius 8.2 1.4 17 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Mexico 5.2 0.8 15 (2009)[2][3]
23x15px Moldova 7.3 3.1 42 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Mongolia 3.4 1.1 32 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Montenegro 5.7 0.8 14 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Netherlands 4.4 1.9 43 (2009)[5]
23x15px New Zealand 4.8 2.0 42 (2008)[2][3]
23x15px Nicaragua 4.5 0.8 18 (2005)[7]
23x15px Norway 4.8 2.1 44 (2010)[5]
23x15px Panama 3.7 1.0 27 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px Poland 6.0 1.6 27 (2010)[5]
23x15px Portugal 3.7 2.5 68 (2010)[5]
23x15px Qatar 3.3 1.1 33 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Republic of Macedonia 7.2 0.8 11 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Romania 5.4 1.5 28 (2010)[5]
23x15px Russia 9.2 4.8 51 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Saint Lucia 2.8 0.7 25 (2004)[7]
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.8 0.8 14 (2007)[2][3]
23x15px San Marino 6.1 2.5 41 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Saudi Arabia 5.2 1.1 21 (2005)[7]
23x15px Serbia 4.9 1.1 22 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Seychelles 17.4 1.9 11 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Singapore 5.3 1.5 28 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Slovakia 4.7 2.2 47 (2010)[5]
23x15px Slovenia 3.2 1.2 38 (2010)[5]
23x15px South Africa 3.5 0.6 17 (2009)[6]
Template:Country data South Korea 6.4 2.3 36 (2013)[10]
23x15px Spain 3.6 2.2 61 (2010)[5]
23x15px Sri Lanka 0.15 [11]
23x15px Suriname 4.2 1.3 31 (2007)[2][3]
23x15px Sweden 5.3 2.5 47 (2010)[5]
23x16px  Switzerland 5.5 2.8 51 (2010)[5]
23x15px Syria 10.6 1.0 9 (2006)[7]
23x15px Tajikistan 13.5 0.8 6 (2009)[2][3]
23x15px Thailand 5.5 1.4 25 (2005)[7]
23x15px Tonga 7.1 1.0 14 (2003)[7]
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 6.3 2.2 35 (2005)[7][12]
23x15px Turkey 8.0 1.6 20 (2011)[2][3]
23x15px Ukraine 6.7 2.8 42 (2010)[2][3]
23x15px United Kingdom 4.3 2.0 47 (2009)[5]
23x15px United States 6.8 3.6 53 (2011)[13]
23x15px Uruguay 3.2 (2010)[2]
23x15px Uzbekistan 7.8 0.6 8 (2006)[14][15]
23x15px Venezuela 3.3 0.9 27 (2006)[2]
23x15px Vietnam 5.7 0.2 4 (2007)[2][3]

References

  1. ^ a b c England, J. Lynn; Kunz, Phillip R. (February 1975), "The Application of Age-Specific Rates to Divorce", Journal of Marriage and the Family (Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 37, No. 1) 37 (1): 40–46, JSTOR 351029, doi:10.2307/351029 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax "Marriages and crude marriage rates" (PDF). United Nations Statistical Division (UNSTAT) 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av "Divorces and crude divorce rates" (PDF). United Nations Statistical Division (UNSTAT) 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Office National des statistiques - Démographie Algérienne 2014" (PDF). Office National des Statistiques (ONS) 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Marriage and divorce statistics". Eurostat 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  6. ^ a b BRICS Joint Statistical Publication 2012, Chapter 3: Population (PDF). 2012. p. 18. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "World Marriage Data 2008". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2009). Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  8. ^ "State has third lowest divorce rate globally despite fears". http://www.irishexaminer.com/. Irish Examiner. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Number of Births, Deaths and Marriages". www.cso.ie. Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  10. ^ http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=001&aid=0006874392
  11. ^ "UNICEF:Sri Lanka Statistics". 
  12. ^ United Nations Statistical Division (UNSTAT) 2010
  13. ^ NVSS National Marriage and Divorce Rate Trends
  14. ^ "Gender: average marriage rate 2000-2006". UNDP CO in Uzbekistan, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Gender: average divorce rate 2000-2006". UNDP CO in Uzbekistan, 2013.