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Douglas T2D

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T2D
Role

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This page is a soft redirect. Torpedo bomber #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Manufacturer

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This page is a soft redirect. Douglas Aircraft Company #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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First flight

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This page is a soft redirect. 27 January 1927 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Introduction

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This page is a soft redirect. 1927 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Retired

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This page is a soft redirect. 1937 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Primary user

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This page is a soft redirect. United States Navy #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Number built

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This page is a soft redirect. 31 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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The Douglas T2D was an American twin-engined torpedo bomber contracted by the military, and required to be usable on wheels or floats, and operating from aircraft carriers. It was the first twin-engined aircraft to be operated from an aircraft carrier.[1]

Development and design

In 1925, the United States Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics designed a twin-engined torpedo bomber aircraft, intended to have greater performance than contemporary single-engined aircraft.[1] A single prototype was built by the Naval Aircraft Factory as the XTN-1, which was quickly followed by three identical aircraft built by Douglas, the T2D-1.

The XTN/T2D was a large two bay biplane, capable of easy conversion between floats and wheels, and carrying a crew of four.

Operational history

The first three T2D-1's were delivered to the torpedo bomber squadron VT-2 on 25 May 1927,[1] being used for successful trials aboard the aircraft carrier Langley. A further nine T2D-1's were ordered in 1927, these normally being operated as floatplanes, partly owing to criticism from the Army of the Navy operating large land-based bombers,[1] and partly as its large size prevented Langley from embarking a full airwing.[2]

A further 18 aircraft were ordered in June 1930 as patrol floatplanes, being designated P2D-1. These were operated by Patrol Squadron VP-3 in the Panama Canal Zone until they were replaced by Consolidated PBYs in 1937.[1]

Variants

XTN-1
Original prototype built by Naval Aircraft Factory. One built.
T2D-1
Production aircraft, convertible torpedo bomber/patrol floatplane, powered by Wright R-1750 Cyclone. 12 built.
P2D-1
Dedicated patrol floatplane. Fitted with twin tail for improved engine out performance and powered by two R-1820 Cyclones. 18 built.

Operators

23x15px United States

Specifications (T2D)

Data from The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft [2]

General characteristics

Performance

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Swanborough, Gordon; Bowers, Peter M. (1976). United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 (Second edition ed.). London: Putnam. pp. 161–162. ISBN 0-370-10054-9. 
  2. ^ a b Donald, David, The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft (pg 118). (1997). Prospero Books. ISBN 1-85605-375-X

External links