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Dunaway v. New York

Dunaway v. New York
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Argued March 21, 1979
Decided June 5, 1979
Full case name Irving Jerome Dunaway v. State of New York
Citations 442 U.S. 200 (more)
99 S.Ct. 224; 860 L.Ed.2d 824
Prior history People v. Dunaway, 42 A.D.2d 689, 346 N.Y.S.2d 779 (1973) aff'd, 35 N.Y.2d 741, 320 N.E.2d 646 (1974) vacated sub nom. Dunaway v. New York, 422 U.S. 1053, 95 S. Ct. 2674, 45 L. Ed. 2d 705 (1975), on remand 38 N.Y.2d 812, 813, 345 N.E.2d 583, 583 (1975), appeal after remand, 61 A.D.2d 299, 402 N.Y.S.2d 490 (1978)
Holding
The Supreme Court, Mr. Justice Brennan, held that: (1) defendant was “seized” for Fourth Amendment purposes when he was arrested and taken to the police station for questioning; (2) seizure without probable cause violated the Fourth Amendment, and (3) confession given following the seizure and interrogation was inadmissible.
Court membership
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</td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;background-color: #99c0ff; white-space:nowrap">Case opinions</th></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Majority</th><td>

Brennan</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Concurrence</th><td> White</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Concurrence</th><td> Stevens</td></tr><tr><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Dissent</th><td> Rehnquist, joined by Burger</td></tr></table>

Dunaway v. New York, 442 U.S. 200 (1979), was a United States Supreme Court case that held a subsequent Miranda warning is not sufficient to cure the taint of an unlawful arrest, when the unlawful arrest led to a coerced confession.

Background

Dunaway was picked up by New York police and taken to the police station in regards to an attempted robbery and homicide. The police did not have probable cause to arrest Dunaway, but had he tried to leave, they would have used force to prevent it. Dunaway was read his rights under Miranda and subsequently confessed.[1]

Supreme Court

Justice Brennan delivered the opinion of the Court. He stated that the police violated the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments when they arrested Dunaway without probable cause and took him to the police station for interrogation. This type of detention was determined to intrude on interests protected by the Fourth Amendment. It is therefore necessary to safeguard against illegal arrest. Proper Miranda warnings did not attenuate the misconduct of the police and the confession should have been suppressed.[2]

References

  1. ^ Dunaway v. New York, 442 U.S. 200 (1979).
  2. ^ Dunaway v. New York, 442 U.S. 200 (1979).