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Edinburgh Airport

Edinburgh Airport
Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann
250px
250px
IATA: EDIICAO: EGPH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Global Infrastructure Partners
Operator Edinburgh Airport Ltd.
Serves Edinburgh, Lothian, Fife, the Scottish Borders and Central Scotland
Location Ingliston
Elevation AMSL 136 ft / 41 m
Coordinates

55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250Coordinates: 55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250{{#coordinates:55|57|00|N|003|22|21|W|type:airport_region:GB-EDH |primary |name=

}}
Website edinburghairport.com
Map
Location in Edinburgh
Runways
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Direction Length Surface
m ft
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 10,160,004
Passenger change 13-14 11px3.9%
Aircraft Movements 109,545
Movements change 13-14 11px2.0%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Edinburgh Airport (Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) (IATA: EDIICAO: EGPH) is located at Ingliston in the City of Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2014, handling just under 10.2 million passengers in that year. It was also the fifth busiest airport in the UK by total passengers.[2] It is located Script error: No such module "convert".[1] west of the city centre and is situated just off the M8 motorway. Edinburgh Airport offers over 140 destinations world wide by over 40 airlines.

The airport is owned and operated by Global Infrastructure Partners, which also owns and operates Gatwick Airport and London City Airport.[3]

History

Early years

Turnhouse Aerodrome was the most northerly British air defence base in World War I used by the Royal Flying Corps. The small base opened in 1915 and it was used to house the 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron from 1925, which consisted of DH 9As, Westland Wapitis, Hawker Harts, and Hawker Hind light bombers. All the aircraft used a grass air strip.

In 1918 the Royal Air Force was formed and the airfield was named RAF Turnhouse and ownership transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

When the Second World War broke out, RAF Fighter Command took control over the airfield and a runway of Script error: No such module "convert". was paved to handle the Supermarine Spitfire. During the Battle of Britain, Nos 3, 65, and 141 Squadrons were present at the airbase.

Post World War II

When the war ended the airfield still remained under military control, but by the late 1940s the first commercial services were launched. In 1947, British European Airways started a service between Edinburgh and London using Vickers Vikings followed by the Viscount and Vanguard series.

In 1952 the runway was extended to 6000 ft to handle the Vampire FB5s operated by the based 603 Squadron; and an aircraft carrier Catcher Net (never used) was installed to protect traffic on the adjacent A8 road. In 1956 a new passenger terminal was built to offer improved commercial service and five years later it was extended. After the disbandment of 603 Squadron in March 1957, the Ministry of Defence transferred ownership to the Ministry of Aviation in 1960 to offer improved commercial service to the airport. Flying was temporarily diverted to East Fortune, which had its runway extended to accommodate the airliners of the period.

Change of ownership

In 1971 the British Airports Authority took over the airport and immediately started to expand it by constructing a new runway and terminal building. RAF Turnhouse was finally closed in 1997.[4]

The present terminal building, designed by Sir Robert Matthew, was constructed in 1977 and has been upgraded in recent years, with new car parking facilities and an extended arrivals hall.

Although the original main runway 13/31 (which is now 12/30) served the airport well, its alignment had the disadvantage of suffering from severe crosswinds and the other two minor runways were very short and could not be readily extended, so movements were transferred to a new runway (07/25 which has since become 06/24) in an addition completely outside the original airfield boundary. This runway, completed in 1977 is Script error: No such module "convert". in length, and was able to take all modern airliners including Concorde. A new terminal was built alongside the runway to cater for the additional traffic. The old terminal and hangars were converted into a cargo centre.

The only international services from Edinburgh during the 1980s were to Amsterdam and Dublin, but in the following years links were opened to destinations in France and Germany. By the end of the decade BAA had been privatised and funds were used to extend the current terminal building and create parking aprons.

In 2005, a new Script error: No such module "convert". tall air traffic control tower was completed at a cost of £10m (€16m). An extension to the terminal opened in September 2006 called the "South East Pier". This extension initially added six gates on a new pier to the South-East of the original building. A further four gates were added to the South East Pier at the end of 2008.

Expansion

In April 2008 work began on the resurfacing of the main runway. This project, at a cost of £16m,[5] was due to be completed by the end of November 2008 and will prolong the life of the runway for a further 15 years.[6] In the end, the work was completed around 10 days ahead of schedule and on budget.[7] A £40m extension to the departure lounge has been built, work commenced in December 2008.[6]

£250m is to be spent on the airport over the next decade.[6] BAA has made provision in its Master Plan for the airport for an extension to the current runway 06/24, which would allow larger aircraft to serve longer haul destinations. There are plans to expand further by adding a new runway and terminal by 2020 which would accommodate up to 20 million passengers per annum.[8] BAA projects that by 2030 Edinburgh Airport will be handling 26 million passengers per annum. Development has recently begun at Edinburgh Airport on a £40 million departure lounge extension project which will see the current lounge double in size as well as a new security search area and a greater choice of bars, restaurants and shops. The departure lounge opened on 18/11/09.[9]

The likelihood of an additional runway has been thrown into doubt following a revised masterplan in January 2011, with passenger numbers expected to be lower than previously thought - 12.3 million by 2020 and 20 million by 2040.[10]

On 19 October 2011, BAA Limited announced its intention to sell the airport, following a decision by the UK's Competition Commission requiring BAA to sell either Glasgow International or Edinburgh Airport.[11] BAA announced on 23 April 2012 that it had sold Edinburgh Airport to Global Infrastructure Partners for a price of £807.2 million.[12]

Passenger traffic at Edinburgh Airport reached a record level in 2013 with nearly 9.8 million passengers and over 111,000 aircraft movements.[2] Also in 2013, a further extension to the passenger terminal was announced, taking the terminal building up to the Edinburgh Airport tram stop. The opening of the Edinburgh Trams in May 2014 created the first rail connection to Edinburgh Airport.

Terminal

Edinburgh Airport features a single, two-storey passenger terminal building. The ground level features the driveway area, 47 check-in desks (00-46) as well as the domestic and international arrivals area, several service counters and some shops. The upper floor contains the security control, a central airside waiting area with several shops as well as 11 departure gates (1-7 and 9-12). 11 additional gates (13-23) are located in a connected pier building to the east.[13] 7 gates in the main building are equipped with jet-bridges, all others feature walk-boarding.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

Airlines Destinations

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Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Crete, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca

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Seasonal: Bergerac, Jersey, Newquay[19]
Seasonal charter: Geneva, Innsbruck

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Seasonal charter: Geneva

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Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda, Tenerife-South (begins 29 October 2015)[24]

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Seasonal: Béziers, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bratislava, Bremen, Corfu, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Gran Canaria,[25] Kaunas, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Poitiers, Poznań

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Cargo

Airlines Destinations

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Statistics

Passenger numbers

Number of Passengers[2] Number of Movements[29] Freight
(tonnes)[2]
Edinburgh Airport Passenger Totals
1997-2014 (millions)
1997 4,214,919 99,352 27,548 <timeline>

ImageSize = width:auto height:250 barincrement:29 PlotArea = left:30 bottom:15 top:10 right:15 AlignBars = justify Period = from:0 till:11 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical

Colors =

id:gray    value:gray(0.5)
 id:line1                 value:gray(0.9)
 id:line2                 value:gray(0.7)

ScaleMajor = start:0 increment:1 gridcolor:line2

PlotData=

color:blue width:20
bar:1997 from:start till:4.215
bar:1998 from:start till:4.589
bar:1999 from:start till:5.119
bar:2000 from:start till:5.519
bar:2001 from:start till:6.067
bar:2002 from:start till:6.931
bar:2003 from:start till:7.481
bar:2004 from:start till:8.018
bar:2005 from:start till:8.457
bar:2006 from:start till:8.611
bar:2007 from:start till:9.048
bar:2008 from:start till:9.007
bar:2009 from:start till:9.049
bar:2010 from:start till:8.597
bar:2011 from:start till:9.385
bar:2012 from:start till:9.195
bar:2013 from:start till:9.775
bar:2014 from:start till:10.160

</timeline>

1998 4,588,507 100,134 23,260
1999 5,119,258 101,226 17,715
2000 5,519,372 102,393 17,894
2001 6,067,333 112,361 16,169
2002 6,930,649 118,416 21,232
2003 7,481,454 118,943 24,761
2004 8,017,547 125,317 27,376
2005 8,456,739 127,122 29,595
2006 8,611,345 126,914 36,389
2007 9,047,558 128,172 19,292
2008 9,006,702 125,550 12,418
2009 9,049,355 115,969 23,791
2010 8,596,715 108,997 20,357
2011 9,385,245 113,357 19,332
2012 9,195,061 110,288 19,115
2013 9,775,443 111,736 18,624
2014 10,160,004 109,545 19,369 Source: United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority[30]

Busiest routes

Busiest domestic routes (2014)
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % change
2013/14
1 London-Heathrow 1,472,812 11px 9
2 London-Gatwick 690,363 11px 0
3 London-City 352,313 11px 6
4 London-Stansted 360,251 11px 10
5 Bristol 322,760 11px 6
6 Birmingham 284,021 11px 0
7 London-Luton 259,670 11px 5
8 Belfast-International 235,552 11px 4
9 Southampton 203,151 11px 2
10 Belfast-City 142,304 11px 11
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]
Busiest international routes (2014)
Rank Airport Passengers handled % change
2013/14
1 23x15px Amsterdam 601,535 11px 7
2 23x15px Dublin 478,388 11px 16
3 23x15px Paris-Charles de Gaulle 303,647 11px 9
4 23x15px Frankfurt am Main 197,221 11px 15
5 23x16px Geneva 153,766 11px 2
6 23x15px Alicante 143,891 11px 6
7 23x15px Palma de Mallorca 143,178 11px 0
8 23x15px Newark 142,526 11px 6
9 23x15px Tenerife South 132,797 11px 4
10 23x15px Malaga 128,095 11px 1
11 23x15px Copenhagen 121,349 11px 4
12 23x15px Milan-Malpensa 112,101 11px 13
13 23x15px Kraków 109,805 11px 4
14 23x15px Madrid 107,118 11px 5
15 23x15px Faro 103,782 11px 4
16 23x15px Istanbul 93,029 11px 32
17 23x15px Brussels 89,642 11px 4
18 23x15px Munich 89,268 11px 1
19 23x16px Basel 80,861 11px 27
20 23x15px Barcelona 80,538 11px 2
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Access and ground transportation

Road

File:Lothian Buses 996.jpg
Lothian Buses Airlink 100 airport express bus to Edinburgh

The airport lies on the A8 Glasgow-Edinburgh road, and can be easily reached by the M8 (from Glasgow) and the M9 (from Stirling). The airport is also within easy access from the M90 motorway (from Perth) via the Forth Road Bridge.

Lothian Buses provide public transportation to the airport with the Airlink 100 express bus from Edinburgh city centre,[31] as well as the number 35 direct to Ocean Terminal and N22 with the same destination but alternative route. Additionally, Stagecoach operates the newly formed JET express bus service, previously AirDirect 747 between the airport and Inverkeithing railway station and Ferrytoll Park and Ride in Fife.[32]

There are currently no direct rail links to Edinburgh Airport, although it lies very close to the Fife Circle and the Edinburgh-Glasgow railway lines. A project to build the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link was cancelled in 2007 after a change in Government.[33]

Tram

The airport is served by Edinburgh Trams, a light rail link from the terminal to Edinburgh city centre. The system runs from Edinburgh Airport tram stop and travels across the western suburbs of Edinburgh on a segregated track; when the trams reach Haymarket railway station they switch to street-running mode and travel through the city along Princes Street. Edinburgh Trams began operation on 31 May 2014.[34][35]

As a cheaper alternative to the cancelled Edinburgh Airport Rail Link project, an additional interchange station is currently being constructed on the Fife Circle Line. Edinburgh International Gateway station which will provide an interchange with airport tram services. This station and upgrades were finally approved by the Scottish Parliament in 2012.[36] The station is expected to open by December 2016.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 27 February 2001, a Loganair Shorts 360 (G-BNMT) operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730 GMT. Both crew members were killed, and there were no passengers on board. A fatal accident inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines before the crash. Protective covering had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked for several hours in heavy snow at Edinburgh.[37][38]

Accolades

References

  1. ^ a b Edinburgh - EGPH
  2. ^ a b c d e f g CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Site Record for Edinburgh, RAF Turnhouse". Canmore. RCAHMS. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Runway revamp ready for take-off
  6. ^ a b c /display.var.2469632.0.More_investment_for_airport_following_runway_resurfacing.php More investment for airport following runway resurfacing
  7. ^ New look runway set for take off after £16m upgrade project heralds "great future" for capital's airport
  8. ^ Evidence supporting airport expansion is flawed, says government adviser
  9. ^ Edinburgh Airport outlines 2030 vision
  10. ^ Edinburgh Evening News:Airport chiefs called on to ditch second runway plans
  11. ^ BAA: "BAA to sell Edinburgh Airport"
  12. ^ BAA announces sale of Edinburgh Airport
  13. ^ http://www.edinburghairport.com/prepare/airport-maps
  14. ^ http://www.aa.com/i18n/aboutUs/newServiceRoutes.jsp#!international
  15. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-south-east-wales-32788379
  16. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/book/new-routes-from-the-uk-2015
  17. ^ New Edelweiss route in S14
  18. ^ http://www.etihad.com/en-us/about-us/news/archive/2014/etihad-airways-to-start-daily-edinburgh-flights-in-2015/
  19. ^ http://www.flybe.com/timetableClassic/timetable.jsp?selDep=EDI&selDest=XXX
  20. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/12/11/ib-europe-s15update1/
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ "Airline Routes-Oct. 14, 2014". Air Transport World. 14 October 2014. Jet2.com begins weekly Edinburgh-Split service May 24, 2015.  Archived 15 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ New Jet2 route to Verona in S14
  24. ^ "Norwegian Adds New UK - Canary Islands Winter Routes from Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  25. ^ a b "Ryanair Flight Timetable". Ryanair. 
  26. ^ a b "SAS Summer 2014". edinburghairport.com. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  27. ^ New UA route to ORD
  28. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/transport/11143578/Sir-Richard-Bransons-Virgin-Atlantic-ends-Little-Red-domestic-service.html
  29. ^ Number of Movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during that year.
  30. ^ UK Airport Statistics
  31. ^ "Edinburgh Airport - City Centre frequent express shuttle". Lothian Buses. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  32. ^ "Airdirect 747". Stagecoach Group. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  33. ^ "It's £30m down the drain". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-20. [dead link]
  34. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-27602618
  35. ^ "Route map". Edinburgh Trams. 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  36. ^ Stevenson, Stewart (27 September 2007). "Edinburgh Airport Rail Link". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  37. ^ Scotsman: Pilots praised as sheriff confirms snow caused crash, 13 November 2003
  38. ^ Accident description and details.
  39. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Europe" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13

External links

16x16px Media related to Edinburgh Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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