Open Access Articles- Top Results for Edward Angle

Edward Angle

Not to be confused with Edward Angel.
Edward Hartley Angle
Born June 1, 1855
Pennsylvania, United States.
Died August 11, 1930(1930-08-11) (aged 75)
Education Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery
Known for Being the 'father of' modern orthodontics.
Medical career
Profession Dentist
Institutions University of Minnesota
Northwestern University
Marion Sims College of Medicine
Washington University Medical Department
Specialism orthodontics

Edward Hartley Angle (June 1, 1855 – August 11, 1930) was an American dentist, widely regarded as the father of American orthodontics.[1]

Edward Angle is frequently described as "the father of American orthodontics." He was trained as a dentist, but made orthodontics his speciality and dedicated his life to standardizing the teaching and practice of orthodontics. He founded the Angle School in St. Louis and schools in other regions of the United States,

He was born in Herrick, Bradfour County, Pennsylvania. He studied at the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery and became a dentist in 1876.[2] Between 1887 and 1892 he worked as professor of orthodontics at the University of Minnesota. Angle's original interest was in prosthodontics,and he taught in that department in the dental schools at Pennsylvania and Minnesota in the 1880s. His increasing interest in dental occlusion and in the treatment necessary to obtain normal occlusion led directly to his development of orthodontics as a specialty, with himself as the "father of modern orthodontics." [3] The development of Angle's classification of malocclusion in the 1890s was an important step in the development of orthodontics because it not only subdivided major types of malocclusion but also included the first clear and simple definition of normal occlusion in the natural dentition. From 1892 to 1898 he was professor of orthodontics at the Northwestern University, Between 1886 and 1899 he was professor of orthodontics at the Marion Sims College of Medicine and from 1897 to 1899 at the Washington University Medical Department. It was in 1899 that he officially limited his practice to orthodontics.

Angle was concerned with the aesthetics of orthodontics as well as functionality and so he collaborated with the artist and art educator Edmund H. Wuerpel in applying aesthetics to his field. The artist and dentist collaborated for many years and Wuerpel lectured frequently at Angle's request, in St. Louis as well as in Pasadena.

He founded the Angle School of Orthodontia in St. Louis, Missouri 1900,[4] where he formally established orthodontics as a specialty. With Angle the specialty of orthodontics received a new impetus. He coined the term malocclusion to refer to anomalies of tooth position and classified various abnormalities of the teeth and jaws, invented appliances for their treatment and devised several surgical techniques as well. Angle standardized appliances in a series of books and pamphlets, including a text that he authored, Treatment of Malocclusion of the Teeth and Fractures of the Maxillae: Angle's System.[2]

The Angle Orthodontist is the official publication of the Edward H. Angle Society of Orthodontists and is published bimonthly in January, March, May, July, September and November by The EH Angle Education and Research Foundation Inc.[5]


  1. ^ Peck, Sheldon (Nov 2009). "A biographical portrait of Edward Hartley Angle, the first specialist in orthodontics, part 1". Angle Orthod (United States) 79 (6): 1021–7. ISSN 0003-3219. PMID 19852589. doi:10.2319/021009-93.1. 
  2. ^ a b Gruenbaum, Tamar. Famous Figures in Dentistry Mouth - JASDA 2010;30(1):18
  3. ^ Fields, Henry W., Jr.; Sarver, David M.; Proffit, William R. (December 22, 2007). Contemporary Orthodontics. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 3. ISBN 0323046134. 
  4. ^ History of Dentistry in the 19th Century
  5. ^

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