Elections in France
|Candidates||Parties||1st round||2nd round|
|François Hollande||Socialist Party & Radical Party of the Left (Parti socialiste - Parti radical de gauche)||PS / PRG||10,272,705||28.63%||18,000,668||51.64%|
|Nicolas Sarkozy||Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire)||UMP||9,753,629||27.18%||16,860,685||48.36%|
|Marine Le Pen||National Front (Front national)||FN||6,421,426||17.90%|
|Jean-Luc Mélenchon||Left Front (Front de gauche)||FG||3,984,822||11.10%|
|François Bayrou||Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate)||MoDem||3,275,122||9.13%|
|Eva Joly||Europe Écologie–The Greens (Europe Écologie–Les Verts)||EELV||828,345||2.31%|
|Nicolas Dupont-Aignan||Arise the Republic (Debout la République)||DLR||643,907||1.79%|
|Philippe Poutou||New Anticapitalist Party (Nouveau Parti anticapitaliste)||NPA||411,160||1.15%|
|Nathalie Arthaud||Workers' Struggle (Lutte ouvrière)||LO||202,548||0.56%|
|Jacques Cheminade||Solidarity and Progress (Solidarité et Progrès)||SP||89,545||0.25%|
|Spoilt and null votes||701,190||1.92%||2,154,956||5.82%|
|Table of results ordered by number of votes received in first round. Official results by Constitutional Council of France.|
|Parties and coalitions||First round||Second round||Total|
|Socialist Party (Parti socialiste)||PS||7,617,996||29.35%||22||9,420,426||40.91%||258||280||48.53%||11px94|
|Miscellaneous Left (Divers gauche)||DVG||881,339||3.40%||1||709,409||3.11%||21||22||3.81%||11px7|
|Europe Ecology – The Greens (Europe Écologie – Les Verts)||EELV||1,418,141||5.46%||1||828,916||3.60%||16||17||2.95%||11px13|
|Radical Party of the Left (Parti radical de gauche)||PRG||429,059||1.65%||1||538,324||2.34%||11||12||2.08%||11px5|
|Presidential majority (Left)||10,346,535||39.86%||25||11,497,075||49.93%||306||331||57.70%||11px119|
|Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire)||UMP||7,037,471||27.12%||9||8,740,625||37.95%||185||194||33.62%||11px119|
|Miscellaneous right (Divers droite)||DVD||910,392||3.51%||1||418,135||1.82%||14||15||2.60%||11px6|
|New Centre (Nouveau Centre)||NC||569,890||2.20%||1||568,288||2.47%||11||12||2.08%||11px10|
|Radical Party (Parti radical)||PRV||321,054||1.24%||0||311,211||1.35%||6||6||1.04%||11px12|
|Centrist Alliance (Alliance centriste)||AC||156,026||0.60%||0||123,352||0.54%||2||2||0.35%||11px2|
|Total Parliamentary Right||8,994,833||34.67%||11||10,161,611||44.13%||218||229||39.69%||11px116|
|Left Front (Front de gauche)||FDG||1,792,923||6.91%||0||249,525||1.08%||10||10||1.73%||11px8|
|National Front (Front national)||FN||3,528,373||13.60%||0||842,684||3.66%||2||2||0.35%||11px2|
|Regionalists and separatists||REG||145,825||0.56%||0||135,534||0.59%||2||2||0.35%||11px2|
|Centre for France (Le Centre pour la France)||MoDem||458,046||1.76%||0||113,196||0.49%||2||2||0.35%||11px1|
|Spoilt and null votes||420,749||1.60%||928,411||3.88%|
|Votes cast / turnout||26,373,299||57.23%||23,957,594||55.41%|
|Source: Ministry of the Interior|
Past elections and referenda
Indirect presidential elections
As well as Presidential and legislative elections, France also has municipal, cantonal, regional, European, and (indirect) Senatorial elections.
Regional elections have been held since 1986 to elect regional councillors and regional presidents: all elected to serve 6-year terms.
Elections for the French delegation to the European parliament are held every five years.
French senators are renewed by halves every six years through an indirect electoral college composed of elected officials and general, regional, and some local councillors.
Municipal elections to elect city mayors and councillors are held every six years.
Cantonal (departemental from 2015)
The Constitution of France defines in Article 3 that "National sovereignty shall vest in the people, who shall exercise it through their representatives and by means of referendum." The Constitution describes two ways for holding a referendum:
- The President may, on the recommendation from the Government or the Parliament, submit to a referendum some government bills.
- A referendum may be held upon the initiative of one fifth of the Members of Parliament, supported by one tenth of the registered voters.
The Constitution explicitly states that a referendum can be called only on a Government Bill "which deals with the organization of the public authorities, or with reforms relating to the economic or social policy of the Nation, and to the public services contributing thereto, or which provides for authorization to ratify a treaty which, although not contrary to the Constitution, would affect the functioning of the institutions" (Article 11 of the Constitution).
The second procedure for holding a referendum has several limitations:
- it cannot be used to repeal laws which are in effect for less than a year, and
- if the proposal fails on a referendum, it cannot be re-submitted to a referendum for next two years.
The second procedure for holding a referendum was added to the Constitution in 2008, and it still has not come into effect (as of 2013). It will come into effect when appropriate legislation is implemented by the Parliament.
The Constitution of France can be amended in two ways:
- on a referendum, or
- by three fifths super-majority of both houses of the Parliament.
Most constitutional revisions went through the super-majority of the Parliament in Congress.
Ratification of treaties of accession of states to he EU must go through the same procedure as amendment of Constitution of France. All of ratifications went through the super-majority of the Parliament, except the first EU enlargement in 1973.
There were 9 referendums in the Fifth Republic:
- 2 on Algiers (1961, 1962)
- 2 on amending the Constitution (1969, 2000)
- 2 on EU treaties (1992, 2005)
- French presidential election referendum of 1962, which also amended the Constitution
- 1 on EU enlargement (1972)
- 1 on New Caledonia (1988)
- "Electoral code, article L55" (in français). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 1964-10-27. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
- "Electoral code, article R26" (in français). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 1964-10-27. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
- Law 77-808 of 19 July 1977 relative to publication and broadcasting of certain opinion polls, article 11
- "Electoral code, article L49" (in français). Legifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
- Electoral code, L44, LO127, L194
- Electoral code, R58
- Electoral code, R60
- "Constitution". French National Assembly. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- Official results from the Ministry of the Interior
- thematic files from the Constitutional Council, including election results
- Adam Carr's Election Archive
- Laurent de Boissieu's Election Archive
- Will 2010 regional elections lead to political shake-up? gijon Internationale in English
- NSD: European Election Database – France publishes regional level election data; allows for comparisons of election results, 1993–2007
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Portal/images/aliases' not found.ar:انتخابات رئاسية فرنسية