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Electoral Rhenish Circle

File:Locator Electoral Rhenish Circle.svg
The Electoral Rhenish Circle as at the beginning of the 16th century
File:De Merian Mainz Trier Köln 002.jpg
map of the Electoral Rhenish Circle from Topographia Archiepiscopatuum Moguntinensis by Matthäus Merian, 1646

The Electoral Rhenish Circle (German: Kurrheinischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire, created in 1512.

The circle derived its name from four of the seven prince-electors whose lands along the Middle Rhine comprised the vast majority of its territory.

Composition

The circle was made up of the following states:

Name Type of entity Comments
20px Arenberg County Attained imperial immediacy in 1549 under Jean de Ligne, Principality from 1576, raised to Duchy in 1644
Beilstein Lordship Held by the Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg from 1343
20px Cologne Prince-bishopric (Re-)established by King Otto I in 953, Prince-elector and Archchancellor of Italy in 1356
20px Koblenz Bailiwick An administrative grouping of lands including the immediate Lordship of Elsen, held by the Teutonic Knights
20px Mainz Prince-bishopric Archbishopric established in 781 by Pope Adrian I, Prince-elector and Archchancellor of Germany in 1356
20px Nieder-Isenburg County Emerged from Isenburg-Isenburg in 1199, partitioned in 1502 into Isenburg-Grenzau and Isenburg-Neumagen (to Sayn-Wittgenstein in 1554), extinct in 1664
20px Electorate of the Palatinate County palatinate Arose from the allodium of the Count palatine of Lower Lorraine in 1085 under Henry of Laach, held by the House of Wittelsbach from 1214, Prince-elector and Truchsess in 1356
20px Rheineck Burgraviate Fiefdom of Cologne around Burg Rheineck, held by the Freiherren of Varsberg from 1576
20px Thurn und Taxis Barons Briefadel without territory, Freiherren from 1608, Counts from 1624, raised to Princely Counts in 1695
20px Trier Prince-bishopric Established in 902, Prince-elector and Archchancellor of Arles in 1356

Notes

References

Sources

The list of states making up the Electoral Rhenish Circle is based on that in the German Wikipedia article Kurrheinischer Reichskreis.

External links

16x16px Media related to Electoral Rhenish Circle at Wikimedia Commons