English translations of the Quran
- The Alcoran, Translated out of Arabic into French. By the Andrew du Ryer, Lord of Malezair, and Resident for the French King, at ALEXANDRIA. And Newly Englished, for the satisfaction of all that desire to look into the Turkish Vanities London, Printed Anno Dom. 1649 The earliest known translation of the Qur'an into the English Language was The Alcoran of Mahomet in 1649 by Alexander Ross, chaplain to King Charles I. This, however, was a translation of the French translation L'Alcoran de Mahomet by the Sieur du Ryer, Lord of Malezair. L'Alcoran de Mahomet..
- Koran, commonly called the Alcoran of Mohammed, tr. into English immediately from the original Arabic; with explanatory notes, taken from the most approved commentators. To which is prefixed a preliminary discourse by George Sale London; Printed by C. Ackers... 1734. The first scholarly translation of the Qur'an based primarily on the Latin translation of Louis Maracci (1698). George Sale's translation was to remain the most widely available English translation over the next 200 years, and is still in print today, with release of a recent 2009 edition.
The next major English translation of note was by John Rodwell, Rector of St. Ethelburga, London, released in 1861, entitled The Koran. It was soon followed in 1880 with a 2-Volume edition by E.H. Palmer, a Cambridge scholar, who was entrusted with the preparation of the new translation for Max Muller's Sacred Books of the East series.
20th century translations
- The Qur'an (1910) by Mirza Abul Fazl, Arabic Text and English Translation Arranged Chronologically with an Abstract (Allahabad). Mirza Abul Fazl (1865–1956), was a native of Allahabad, India. He was the first Muslim to present a translation of the Qur'an in to English along with the original Arabic text.
- The Holy Qur'an (1917, 4th rev. ed. 1951) by Maulana Muhammad 'Ali, an Ahmadi Muslim scholar of the Qur'an, Hadith and religion of Islam, and author of several widely read books on these topics. 'Ali gives copious explanatory notes, introductions to each chapter, and a general preface-introduction of nearly 70 pages.
- The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an (1930) by Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall. An English convert to Islam penned this translation at the behest of the Emir of Hyderabad while on a sojourn in India. Pickthall's widely printed translation was regarded as "an important milestone in the long course of Koranic interpretation" by later esteemed Qur'an translator A.J. Arberry, who also noted a few problems with Pickthall's verse numbering, which deviated in places from what had by then become the standard Arabic edition by Gustav Fluegel.
- The Holy Qur'an: Translation and Commentary (1934) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali. This translation is widely used in many English-speaking countries and was the most popular translation before the Interpretation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur'an was published in 1999.
- The Holy Quran - Arabic Text and English translation (1936) is a parallel text edition of the Quran compiled and translated by Maulvi Sher Ali, an Ahmadi Muslim missionary at the Fazl Mosque in London and companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.
- The Qur'an: Translated, with a Critical Re-arrangement of the Surahs (1937–39) by Richard Bell. Published by Edinburgh University Press. A. J. Arberry, in the preface to his own translation of the Qur'an, notes: "Dr Bell was a most erudite scholar of Arabic, and had devoted many years to his 'critical re-arrangement of the Surahs [chapters]'.... He quite literally took the Koran to pieces and put it together again, his meticulous reconstruction extending as far as individual verses and even parts of verses. As he set up his translation in a kind of tabular form to indicate his views of how the discourse originally ran, it is virtually unreadable; certainly one needs to have some detailed knowledge of the text in order to benefit by the arduous exercise of studying his hard-laboured pages."
- The Koran Interpreted (1955) by Arthur Arberry. The first English translation by an academic scholar of Arabic, Islam and Sufism. For many years the scholarly standard for English translations, this rendering of the Qur'an makes a special attempt to reproduce something of the rhythms and cadence of the Arabic original.
- The Koran (1956) by N. J. Dawood is published by Penguin. Dawood, a native Arabic speaker from Iraq's now defunct Jewish community, is said to have preferred comprehensibility to literalism in translation, making his version comparatively easy to read. The first edition of the Dawood translation rearranged the chapters (suras) into more or less chronological order, but later editions restored the traditional sequence.
- Tafsir-ul-Quran (1957) by the Indian scholar Abdul Majid Daryabadi is a translation with commentary. Daryabadi criticizes the scriptures of other religions, such as the Christian Bible, claiming they have not been transmitted faithfully.
- The English Commentary of the Holy Quran (1963) An English translation and interpretation by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
- The Running Commentary of the Holy Qur-an with Under-Bracket Comments (1964). Dr. Khadim Rahmani Nuri of Shillong, India.
- The Message of the Qur'an: Presented in Perspective (1974) by Dr. Hashim Amir Ali. The suras are presented in chronological order.
- The Holy Qur'an: The Arabic Text and English Translation (1981), by Muhammad Sarwar, a Shi'a Muslim cleric.
- The Qur'an: The First American Version (1985); by Dr. Thomas Ballantyne Irving / T.B. Irving (Al Hajj Ta'lim Ali Abu Nasr), Dr Irving is a Canadian Muslim who is an author, professor, translator (Arabic, Spanish) and activist. His English-only edition uses a North American vernacular. Published by Amana Books, Brattleboro, Vermont.
- The Holy Qur'an (1988) by Syed V. Mir Ahmed Ali. A translation used by English-speaking Shi'ite Muslims.
- Quran: The Final Testament (1992; revision of work first published in 1981) is the work of the controversial teacher and computer scientist Rashad Khalifa. Khalifa claimed that he had used mathematics and computers to find hidden meanings in the Qur'an.
- The Noble Qur'an (1992); by Dr. T. B. (Thomas Ballantyne) Irving (Al Hajj Ta'lim Ali Abu Nasr). Arabic text with English translation and commentary by Dr. Irving. Published by Amana Books, Brattleboro, Vermont.
- The Glorious Qur'an (1993), a joint translation by the Egyptian-born UK resident Dr. Ahmad Zidan and the British Muslim convert Mrs. Dina Zidan.
- A Simple Translation of The Holy Quran (1993), by Dr. Mir Aneesuddin. This translation uses Simple English, also called Basic English. It is published by the Islamic Academy of Sciences, Hyderabad, India.
- The Glorious Qur'an (1999 through 2013), by Dr. Syed Vickar Ahamed, is a simple translation meant for young adults seeking divine and eternal guidance to live a healthy, honest, complete and pious life. Published by the New York based publisher Tahirke Tarsile Qur'an. Translation is approved by Al-Azhar, Islamic Research Academy, Cairo, Egypt (1998, and again in 2004) and by Pusat Islam, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1999, See KDN.Q.03/913/1.2/0/65/1999). First published in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 1999 in full color by TR Group of Companies (ISBN 983-40085-03). Since then, there are eight editions and numerous printings by in the US by Al-Furqaan Foundation, Lombard, Illinois (ISBN 0-9773009-2-7, 978-9773009-2-1) and by Tahirke Tarsile Qur'an, Elmhurst, New York (ISBN 978-1879402-68-3). It is available throughout the world.
- The Holy Qur'an (1997) by Saheeh International is a translation by three American women converts. It is published by the Dar Abul Qasim Publishing House, Saudi Arabia.
- Al-Qur'an: Guidance for Mankind (1997) by M. Farooq-e-Azam Malik.
- Towards Understanding the Ever-glorious Qur'an (1997) was translated by Dr Muhammad Mahmoud Ghali, faculty of languages and translation, Al-Azhar University, and published by Cairo: Publishing House for Universities.
- Interpretation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur'an (1999) by Darussalam (first published 1977) is translated by Muhammad Muhsin Khan and Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali. This translation is among the most widely read translations in the world, primarily because it is the officially promoted translation of the Saudi Government.
- The Qur'an (1999) by Mohammedali Habib Shakir is an English translation directed towards Shia Muslims. It is published in New York by Tahirke Tarsile Qur'an.
- The Noble Qur'an: A New Rendering of Its Meaning in English (1999) by Abdalhaqq Bewley and Aisha Bewley. The husband-and-wife team behind this translation are disciples of Abdalqadir as-Sufi. They have also translated the Muwatta of Imam Malik, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, and the Ash-Shifa of Qadi Iyad.
- The Quran: A Poetic Translation (1999), a recent work by the Iranian-born lecturer, translator and linguist Fazlollah Nikayin, attempts a poetic rendering of the Qur'an.
21st century translations
- Translation and Commentary on The Holy Quran (2000), a 1,256 page work by the Indian-Bengali translator Dr. Zohurul Hoque.
- The Majestic Qur'an: An English Rendition of Its Meanings (2000) was translated by a committee that included the Cambridge professor Timothy Winter, the American Muslim writer Uthman Hutchinson, and Mostafa al-Badawi. It is published by Starlatch Press.
- The Qur'an in Persian and English (Bilingual Edition, 2001) features an English translation by the Iranian poet and author Tahere Saffarzadeh.
- The Qur'an (2002), by the UK-based Afghan-born writer M. J. Gohari, is an Oxford Logos Society imprint.
- The Tajwidi Qur'an (2003) is a translation by an American Muslim convert, Nooruddeen Durkee. It presents the Arabic text using a romanized transliteration system that allows English-speaking readers to pronounce the Arabic. The English translation is an amalgamation of other translations.
- The Qur’an with an English Paraphrase (2003), a translation by Indian-born Sayyid Ali Quli Qara'i, is an imprint of the Iranian Centre for Translation of the Holy Qur'an.
- The Qur'an: A New Translation (2004) by a well-known California-based translator of numerous Buddhist works, Dr. Thomas Cleary. Based on an earlier, partial translation, which was highly praised by the famous American Muslim scholar Hamza Yusuf.
- The Qur'an (2004), by M.A.S. Abdel-Haleem, is published by Oxford World Classics.
- The Quran: A Reformist Translation (2007), is a recent translation by the team of Edip Yuksel, Layth Saleh al-Shaiban, and Martha Schulte-Nafeh. They claim to offer a non-sexist understanding of the text.
- The Sublime Qur'an (2007) is by the Chicago-based scholar Laleh Bakhtiar, an American Shi'a.
- The Qur'an (2007), a recent translation by the retired Oxford University lecturer and Arabist Alan Jones.
- The Qur'an with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English (2007) by Ali Ünal. The translator is a member of the Gülen Movement, a Turkish Islamic group.
- Quran Made Easy (2007) is a translation by Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias.
- The Meaning of the Noble Qur'an (with Explanatory Notes in two volumes) (2007) is a translation by Justice Maulana Muhammad Taqi Usmani.
- The Gracious Qur'an: A Modern Phrased Interpretation in English (2008) by Dr. Ahmad Zaki Hammad, of Egypt's Al-Azhar University.
- The Message - A Translation of the Glorious Qur'an (2008) was translated by the Monotheistic Group, which claims to be a group of progressive Muslims.
- The Qur'an: A New Translation (2008) by Tarif Khalidi, a professor of Islamic Studies at the American University of Beirut. The translation is published by Penguin Classics.
- The Generous Qur’an (2009) is a translation by Usama Dakdok, an Arabic-speaking Christian.
- The Quran: Translation and Commentary with Parallel Arabic Text (2009) by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan. Published in India.
- Irfan ul Quran (2009) is a translation by the Pakistani scholar Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri. It was released together with an Urdu translation of the same name by Minhaj-ul-Quran Publications.
- The Holy Qur'an: Guidance for Life (2010) is a translation by the American Muslim writer Yahiya Emerick, who has also published the Complete Idiot's Guide to Understanding Islam.
- The Qur'an (2011), translated into American English by the Bangalore resident Nazeer Ahmed.
- The Glorious Qur'an (2011) is a translation by the Pakistani scholar Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri. It was published in the UK by Minhaj-ul-Quran Publications.
- The Qur'an as It Explains Itself (5th edition, Mar 2012) is a translation by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed that attempts to explain Qur'anic verses by cross-references within the Qur'an.
- The Wise Qur'an: A Modern English Translation (2012) is a translation by the Chicago-based writer and lecturer Dr. Assad Nimer Busool.
- Quran in English: Clear and Easy to Read (2012). Translated by Talal Itani. Published by ClearQuran.
- What is in the Quran? Message of the Quran in Simple English (2013). Translated by Professor Abdur Raheem Kidwai, Aligarh Muslim University. Published by Viva Books, New Delhi, India. ISBN 978-81-309-2363-5.
- Holy Qur'an: Text & Translation. (2014) An ongoing, partially published translation, translated by Yasin T. al-Jibouri, an Iraqi-American writer, editor and translator who also previously worked on editing various translations of Qur'an.
Translations from Urdu into English
- The Meaning of the Qur'an (Lahore, 1967), by Muhammad Akbar is the first English translation of Maulana Abul Ala Maududi's original Urdu translation of the Qur'an. Towards Understanding the Qur'an (2006) is a later English translation by Dr. Zafar Ishaq Ansari.
- Kanzul Iman, Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi's (1856-1921 C,E,1272-1340 H) Urdu translation, originally published in 1910, has been translated into English several times. The first translation into English was by University of Kuwait-based Professor Hanif Akhtar Fatmi. A second translation was completed by Professor Shah Fareed al Haq. Aqib Farid Qadri recently published a third translation.
- Exposition of the Holy Quran (1996) by Ghulam Ahmed Pervez is an English rendering of the 1961 Urdu translation, Mafhum-al-Quran.
- The Holy Qur'an (2005), by Allamah Nooruddin, is an English rendition of Allamah's Urdu translation by two of Allamah's modern-day disciples, Amatul Rahman Omar and Abdul Mannan.
- Reading Islam's Holy Book by Eric Walberg, Al-Ahram Weekly, 20–26 September 2007 Issue No. 863
- The Qur'an as it explains itself, 5th Edition, March 2012
|40x40px||Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Holy Quran Translation in Easy English and 70 other languages.
- 40 different English translations Al-Quran project online
- The full text of Ross's Translation in pdf
- The full text of Sale's Translation in pdf
- The full text of Rodwell's Translation in pdf
- The full text of A.J. Arberry's Interpretation
- The full text of A.J. Arberry's Interpretation
- The Koran (1876), by John Medows Rodwell at wikisource
- The Holy Qur'an (1917, revised 1920), by Maulana Muhammad Ali at wikisource
- The Holy Qur'an - original source (1917, revised 1920), by Maulana Muhammad Ali at wikisource
- Quran Database Archive More than 77 translations available in variety of SQL, CSV, Excel, Text and HTML for developers and web site owners