Open Access Articles- Top Results for Enterocolitis
Journal of Probiotics & HealthProbiotics: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications
Epidemiology: Open AccessMethodological Challenges in Conducting Case-Control Studies in Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & TherapyThe Benefits of Expressed Maternal Milk and Donor Breast Milk for Preventing Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Preterm Infants: Systematic Review and Meta
Journal of Clinical & Cellular ImmunologyIntestinal Epithelial Cell Apoptosis, Immunoregulatory Molecules, and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & DiagnosisA Potential Biomarker for Acute Kidney Injury in Preterm Infants from Metabolic Profiling
|Classification and external resources|
Enterocolitis or coloenteritis is an inflammation of the digestive tract, involving enteritis of the small intestine and colitis of the colon. It may be caused by various infections, with bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or other causes. Common clinical manifestations of enterocolitis are frequent diarrheal defecations, with or without nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, chills, alteration of general condition. General manifestations are given by the dissemination of the infectious agent or its toxins throughout the body, or – most frequently – by significant losses of water and minerals, the consequence of diarrhea and vomiting.....
Among the etiologic agents of acute enterocolitis are:
- bacteria: Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli, Campylobacter etc.;
- viruses: enteroviruses, rotaviruses, Norwalk virus, adenoviruses;
- fungi: candidiasis, especially in immunosuppressed patients or who have previously received prolonged antibiotic treatment;
- parasites: Giardia lamblia (with high frequency of infestation in the population, but not always with clinical manifestations), Balantidium coli, Blastocystis homnis, Cryptosporidium (diarrhea in people with immunosuppression), Entamoeba histolytica (produces the amibian dysentery, common in tropical areas).
Specific types of enterocolitis include:
- necrotizing enterocolitis (most common in premature infants)
- pseudomembranous enterocolitis (also called "Pseudomembranous colitis")
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