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Equipment of the United States Army

The Equipment of the United States Army can be subdivided into: infantry weapons, vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, and clothing.

Weapons

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
M9 150px 9mm Pistol 23x15px Italy To be replaced by the Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M11 150px 9mm Pistol 23x16px  Switzerland To be replaced through the Modular Handgun System program.[1][2]
M1911 150px .45 ACP Pistol 23x15px United States Limited service
Submachine Gun
MP5 150px 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun 23x15px Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
MP7 150px 4.6×30mm Submachine gun 23x15px Germany Used by Delta Force[citation needed]
Assault Rifles
M16 150px 5.56x45mm NATO Assault rifle 23x15px United States Virtually universally phased out in favor of the M4.[3][4]
M4 150px 5.56x45mm NATO Carbine 23x15px United States Standard service rifle.[5][6]
M231 FPW 150px 5.56x45mm NATO Assault rifle 23x15px United States Modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2 Bradley
HK416 150px 5.56x45mm NATO Assault rifle 23x15px Germany Used by Joint Special Operations Command
Mk 17 Mod 0 150px 5.56x45mm NATO Assault rifle 23x15px Belgium

23x15px United States

Used by all branches of USSOCOM[citation needed]
Shotguns
500 MILLS 150px 12-gauge Shotgun 23x15px United States
M1014 150px 12-gauge Shotgun 23x15px Italy
M26 MASS 150px 12-gauge Shotgun 23x15px United States
M870 150px 12 gauge Shotgun 23x15px United States
Machine Guns
M249 SAW 150px 5.56x45mm Light machine gun 23x15px United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[7][8]
M240 150px 7.62x51mm NATO General purpose machine gun 23x15px United States Belt-fed[9][10]
M60 150px 7.62x51mm NATO General purpose machine gun 23x15px United States To be replaced by the M240
Browning M2HB 150px .50 BMG Heavy machine gun 23x15px United States Mounted on vehicles or tripods.[11]
DMRs and Sniper Rifles
M14 150px 7.62x51mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle 23x15px United States
SDM-R 5.56x45mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle 23x15px United States Heavily modified M16-series semi-automatic rifle intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges
M110 150px 7.62x51mm NATO Sniper rifle 23x15px United States
M2010 150px .300 Winchester Magnum Sniper rifle 23x15px United States
M107 150px .50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle 23x15px United States
Mk 20 SSR 7.62x51mm Sniper rifle 23x15px Belgium

23x15px United States

Grenade-Based Weapons
Mk 19 150px 40mm Automatic grenade launcher 23x15px United States Belt-fed.[12][13]
M203 150px 40mm Grenade launcher 23x15px United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[14][15]
M320 150px 40mm Grenade launcher 23x15px Germany Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67 150px Fragmentation grenade 23x15px United States
M18 150px Smoke grenade 23x15px United States
M8 150px Smoke grenade 23x15px United States
M84 150px Flashbang 23x15px United States
Portable Anti-Materiel Weapons
AT4 150px 84mm Anti-tank weapon 23x15px Sweden
M141 83.5mm Anti-fortification 23x15px United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW
M72 LAW 150px 66mm Anti-tank weapon 23x15px United States
M3 MAAWS[16] 150px 84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle 23x15px Sweden
BGM-71 TOW 150px Guided anti-tank missile 23x15px United States
FGM-148 Javelin 150px Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile 23x15px United States
FIM-92 Stinger 150px Anti-aircraft missile 23x15px United States

Artillery

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M224[17][18] 150px 60 mm 23x15px United States Unknown
M252[19][20] 150px 81 mm 23x15px United Kingdom Unknown
M120[21][22] 150px 120 mm Template:Country data Israel Unknown
Howitzers
M109 150px 155 mm self-propelled howitzer 23x15px United States 1,934, ≈900 active [23]
M198 150px 155 mm 23x15px United States 327
M777 150px 155 mm gun-howitzer 23x15px United Kingdom ~403[24]
M119 150px 105 mm howitzer 23x15px United Kingdom 392
Rocket Launchers
M270 150px 23x15px United States 840 + 151 M993s Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[25] 150px 23x15px United States 340 M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air Defense
C-RAM 150px 23x15px United States Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 150px 23x15px United States Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104 150px 23x15px United States 1,106, 300–350 active Mobile, long-range(by US standards) surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Vehicles

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV 150px 23x15px United States ~150,000 unarmored vehicles
5,000–7,000 armored vehicles
To be replaced by the JLTV Program
Trucks
M939 Truck 23x15px United States ≈32,000 To be replaced by the FMTV
FMTV 23x15px United States ≈44,000
HEMTT 23x15px United States 27,400
HETS 23x15px United States 2,400
Armoured Vehicles
M1 Abrams 23x15px United States 1,530 Main battle tank, 4,393 M1A1 and 2,385 M1 in storage, 8308 total
M1120 Series 23x15px United States 4,187, 1,500–1,900 active Armored personnel carrier
M113 23x15px United States 13,943; 6,000 active duty Armored personnel carrier
M1117 23x15px United States 1,836 Armored car
M2 Bradley 23x15px United States 6,452, ≈2,300 active Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley 23x15px United States ≈1,200, 468 active Reconnaissance vehicle
M88 Hercules 23x15px United States 2,400, 676 Active Duty Armored recovery vehicle
M9 23x15px United States 447 Combat engineering vehicle
M93 Fox 23x15px Germany 128 CBRN defense vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV 150px 23x15px United States ≈5,500 [26]
Caiman 150px 23x15px United States
Couger H
Couger HE
150px 23x15px United States
International MaxxPro 150px 23x15px United States
RG-31 150px 23x15px South Africa 516
RG-33
RG-33L
150px 23x15px South Africa
Buffalo 150px 23x15px United States

Vehicle-mounted weapons

Aircraft

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[29]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing Aircraft
C-12 Huron 110px 23x15px USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
17
14
17
Gulfstream C-20 110px 23x15px USA Cargo/Transport C-20C 4
C-26 Metroliner 110px 23x15px USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship 110px 23x15px Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37 110px 23x15px USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5 110px 23x15px Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[30] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron 110px 23x15px USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
12
6
18
Cessna UC-35 110px 23x15px USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird 110px 23x15px USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 47
AH-64 Apache 110px 23x15px USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
AH-64E
756
CH-47 Chinook 110px 23x15px USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
EH-60 Black Hawk 110px 23x15px USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook 110px 23x15px USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
MH-60 Black Hawk 110px 23x15px USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-60K
MH-60L
23
35
OH-58 Kiowa 110px 23x15px USA Observation helicopter OH-58A
OH-58C
OH-58D
OH-58F
618 A / C models are currently under replacement by UH-72
TH-67 Creek 110px 23x15px USA
23x15px Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180
UH-1 Iroquois 110px 23x15px USA Utility helicopter UH-1H 53 To be replaced by UH-72
UH-60 Black Hawk 110px 23x15px USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
100[31][32]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota 110px 23x15px USA
23x15px Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[33]
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter 110px 23x15px Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6
Undesignated Foreign Aircraft
Antonov An-26 110px 23x15px USSR Undesignated foreign aircraft 3
Antonov An-2 110px 23x15px USSR
23x15px Poland
Undesignated foreign aircraft 1
Mil Mi-24 110px 23x15px USSR Attack helicopter with transport capabilities 1 Acquired from Germany and used for adversary training. Retired to Fort Bliss Old Ironsides Museum.

Notes

Vessels

The Army still operates several vessels.[34]

Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
Spearhead high speed logistics ship 150px Theater Support Vessel 1
General Frank S. Besson Class 150px Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class 150px Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class 150px Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class 150px Large Tug 6

Attire

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam
125px

100px
125px 125px The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern.[35]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern 125px 125px A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform
Physical Fitness Uniform 125px

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest , which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ a b John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  3. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  4. ^ John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  5. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  6. ^ John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  7. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  8. ^ John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  9. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. ^ John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  11. ^ John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  12. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  13. ^ John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  14. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  15. ^ John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  16. ^ Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  17. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  18. ^ John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  19. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  20. ^ John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  21. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  22. ^ John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  23. ^ "Self-propelled howitzer M109A7 and M992A3 carrier ammunition enter in service with U.S. Army". May 20, 2014. 
  24. ^ "M777 155mm Ultralightweight Field Howitzer, United Kingdom". army-technology.com. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  25. ^ "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows.". November 8, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Oshkosh Defense wins contract for upgrading US Army's MRAP All Terrain Vehicles". December 15, 2014. 
  27. ^ John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  28. ^ John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  29. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States>.
  30. ^ WebCite query result
  31. ^ "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. 
  32. ^ "Sikorsky to deliver 102 new tactical multirole helicopters to US armed forces". November 19, 2014. 
  33. ^ "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  34. ^ hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  35. ^ Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010.