Esophagitis - Related Links
Open Access Articles- Top Results for Esophagitis
Internal Medicine: Open AccessA Case of Herpes Simplex Virus Esophagitis
Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene TherapyEosinophilic Esophagitis, A Rising Pathology
Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene TherapyCircumferential Esophageal Dissection Treated Conservatively in a Young Patient with Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Clinical Microbiology: Open AccessPractical Aspects in the Evaluation of Infectious Esophagitis
Journal of Allergy & TherapyComparison of Food and Aeroallergen Sensitivity between Adults and Children with Eosinophilic Esophagitis
|File:Herpes esophagitis - high mag.jpg|
|Classification and external resources|
Esophagitis (or oesophagitis) is inflammation of the esophagus. It may be acute or chronic. Acute esophagitis can be catarrhal or phlegmonous, whereas chronic esophagitis may be hypertrophic or atrophic.
- Heartburn (pain in chest/abdomen and may radiate to neck/jaw)
- Postprandial worsening of symptoms
Symptoms may be relieved by antacids. Esophagitis causes symptoms of abdominal pain vomiting. If not treated, it causes discomfort and scarring of the esophagus. This makes swallowing food more difficult
Forms of infectious esophagitis are typically seen in immunocompromised people. Types include:
- The most common cause is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD, or GORD in Standard English). If caused by GERD, the disease is also called reflux esophagitis.
- Chemical injury by alkaline or acid solutions may also cause esophagitis, and is usually seen in children, as well as in adults who attempt suicide by ingestion of caustic substances
- Physical injury resulting from radiation therapy or by nasogastric tubes may also be responsible.
- Pill esophagitis
- Alcohol abuse
- Eosinophilic esophagitis is a poorly understood form of esophagitis, which is thought to be related to food allergies.
- Crohn's disease, an autoimmune disease where the immune system inflames the gastrointestinal tract and a type of IBD, can cause oesophagitis if it attacks the oesophagus.
- Certain medications, including doxycycline may cause oesophagitis if taken incorrectly.
Grading of severity
|Grade A||One or more mucosal breaks < 5 mm in maximal length|
|Grade B||One or more mucosal breaks > 5mm, but without continuity across mucosal folds|
|Grade C||Mucosal breaks continuous between > 2 mucosal folds, but involving less than 75% of the esophageal circumference|
|Grade D||Mucosal breaks involving more than 75% of esophageal circumference|
- Classen, Meinhard; Tytgat, Guido N. J.; Lightdale, Charles J. (2010). Gastroenterological Endoscopy. Thieme. p. 490. ISBN 978-3-13-125852-6.
- Tierney, Lawrence M., Jr; McPhee, Stephen J.; Papadakis, Maxine A. (2007). Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2007 (46 ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-147247-9.
- "Oesophogagitis with Doxycycline".
- Farivar M. "Los Angeles Classification of Esophagitis". webgerd.com. In turn citing: Lundell LR, Dent J, Bennett JR et al. (August 1999). "Endoscopic assessment of oesophagitis: clinical and functional correlates and further validation of the Los Angeles classification". Gut 45 (2): 172–80. PMC 1727604. PMID 10403727. doi:10.1136/gut.45.2.172.
- Laparoscopic bariatric surgery , Volyme 1. William B. Inabnet, Eric J. DeMaria, Sayeed Ikramuddin. ISBN 0-7817-4874-7.
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