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Open Access Articles- Top Results for European Cup (athletics)

European Cup (athletics)

The European Cup is a now-defunct athletics competition that was replaced by the European Team Championships starting in 2009. The Europa Cup saw most of the major nations of Europe compete. Originally known as the Bruno Zauli Cup, it first took place in 1965 in Stuttgart (men) and Kassel (women), Germany. Initially, the competition was a bi-annual event (tri-annual once); however, from 1993, it took place once every year.

History

The main idea of the cup, developed by Bruno Zauli, president of the European Committee of the International Association of Athletics Federations, was to create a competition for all European athletics federations, in which they would face each other in track and field events. Although Zauli died a few months before the launch of the first event, the competition has gone from strength to strength.[clarification needed (unclear wording)]

The competition always had different leagues through which countries had to progress. For the first twenty years, there were different groups (leagues) that took place[clarification needed (unclear wording)] at different times. Smaller nations, like Luxembourg and Switzerland, would compete in preliminary rounds, before larger countries, such as the United Kingdom and France, would join in the semi-finals. The top two countries from three semi-finals would enter into the final.

This formula was fairly successful; however, by 1983 the number of competitions that athletes were expected to compete in made it extremely difficult for countries to send their best team to each event. The format of the cup had to be changed so that each country in the whole cup competed on the same day.

The top league was named the Super League and contained eight male and eight female teams. The male and female teams were separate teams, which meant that the female team of one country could get relegated while their male counterpart would stay in the Super League as long as they had enough points. Below the Super League were the First and Second Leagues, which contained other European countries that did not qualify for the finals.

European Team Championships

In 2009, the competition took a new format, European Team Championships. There are now four leagues, which consist of 20 events for men and 20 for women. The Super League and the First League have 12 teams each, while the Second League and the Third League 8 and 14 respectively. Team scores are calculated by combination of men and women's points.

Scoring system and relegation

Countries scored points for their performance in each race/event. The winning athlete received 8 points for their country. This then carries on; so second will get 7 points, third 6 points and so on and so forth. If an athlete does not finish the race, however, or is disqualified, their country received no points for that event.

The male and female team with the most points is declared the winner. The four winning teams from the 'Super League' (two male and two female) went on to compete as individual countries in the IAAF World Cup in Athletics.

The lowest scoring male, and the lowest scoring female teams in the 'Spar League' were relegated down into the 'First League'. These were replaced by the highest scoring male and female teams from the 'First League'. This process was repeated for relegation/promotion from the second to the first league. This system allowed countries to progress, and for a wider range of athletes to compete against opposition they may not normally face.

League positions in 2009

The leagues for the 2009 competition were formed by combination of each country's men and women's performances in 2008. As the teams are 46, the winning team received 46 points, the second 45 and so on. The new leagues are:[1]

Superleague First League Second League Third League
Country
<center>Pts <center>Country <center>Pts <center>Country <center>Pts <center>Country <center>Pts
23x15px Russia 1548 23x15px Belarus 1217 23x15px Ireland 971.5 23x15px Moldova 722
23x15px Great Britain 1518 23x15px Slovenia 1211 23x15px Bulgaria 947 Template:Country data Israel 714
23x15px Poland 1512 23x15px Romania 1182.5 23x15px Croatia 942 23x15px Denmark 709.5
23x15px Germany 1472 23x15px Turkey 1166 23x15px Latvia 933 23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina 555.5
23x15px Italy 1455 23x15px Belgium 1139 23x15px Slovakia 901 Template:Country data Iceland 550.5
23x15px Spain 1426.5 23x15px Hungary 1133 23x15px Lithuania 839.5 23x15px Luxembourg 399.5
23x15px France 1423.5 23x15px Netherlands 1118 23x15px Austria 783 23x15px Georgia 356
23x15px Ukraine 1412.5 23x15px Finland 1072.5 23x15px Cyprus 749 23x15px Azerbaijan 332.5
23x15px Greece 1359.5 23x15px Estonia 1035.5 23x15px Montenegro 310.5
23x15px Sweden 1309 23x16px  Switzerland 1032.5 23x15px Armenia 301.5
23x15px Czech Republic 1236 23x15px Serbia 1028.5 AASSE 280
23x15px Portugal 1222 23x15px Norway 974 23x15px Albania 191
23x15px Andorra 187
23x15px Macedonia 164

Winners

Super League
Year Men Women Host City Host Country
1965 23x15px USSR 23x15px USSR Stuttgart/Kassel 23x15px West Germany
1967 23x15px USSR 23x15px USSR Kiev 23x15px USSR
1970 23x15px East Germany 23x15px East Germany Stockholm/Budapest 23x15px Sweden/23x15px Hungary
1973 23x15px USSR 23x15px East Germany Edinburgh 23x15px Great Britain
1975 23x15px East Germany 23x15px East Germany Nice 23x15px France
1977 23x15px East Germany 23x15px East Germany Helsinki 23x15px Finland
1979 23x15px East Germany 23x15px East Germany Turin 23x15px Italy
1981 23x15px East Germany 23x15px East Germany Zagreb 23x15px Yugoslavia
1983 23x15px East Germany 23x15px East Germany London 23x15px Great Britain
1985 23x15px USSR 23x15px USSR Moscow 23x15px USSR
1987 23x15px USSR 23x15px East Germany Prague 23x15px Czechoslovakia
1989 23x15px Great Britain 23x15px East Germany Gateshead 23x15px Great Britain
1991 23x15px USSR 23x15px Germany Frankfurt 23x15px Germany
1993 23x15px Russia 23x15px Russia Rome 23x15px Italy
1994 23x15px Germany 23x15px Germany Birmingham 23x15px Great Britain
1995 23x15px Germany 23x15px Russia Villeneuve d'Ascq 23x15px France
1996 23x15px Germany 23x15px Germany Madrid 23x15px Spain
1997 23x15px Great Britain 23x15px Russia Munich 23x15px Germany
1998 23x15px Great Britain 23x15px Russia Saint Petersburg 23x15px Russia
1999 23x15px Germany 23x15px Russia Paris 23x15px France
2000 23x15px Great Britain 23x15px Russia Gateshead 23x15px Great Britain
2001 23x15px Poland 23x15px Russia Bremen 23x15px Germany
2002 23x15px Great Britain 23x15px Russia Annecy 23x15px France
2003 23x15px France 23x15px Russia Florence 23x15px Italy
2004 23x15px Germany 23x15px Russia Bydgoszcz 23x15px Poland
2005 23x15px Germany 23x15px Russia Florence 23x15px Italy
2006 23x15px France 23x15px Russia Málaga 23x15px Spain
2007 23x15px France 23x15px Russia Munich 23x15px Germany
2008 23x15px Great Britain 23x15px Russia Annecy 23x15px France

Best performances

Below is a list of the events that took place at the championships, and what is the European Cup record, who set it, what country they represented and which year.

Men


100 m: 10.04 - Linford Christie, Great Britain 1996, 1997
200 m: 20.11 - Linford Christie, Great Britain, 1995
400 m: 44.75 - David Grindley, Great Britain, 1993
800 m: 1:44.28 - Wilson Kipketer, Denmark, 2002
1,500 m: 3:33.63 - José Manuel Abascal, Spain, 1983
3,000 m: 7:41.08 - Dieter Baumann, Germany, 1997
5,000 m: 13:21.68 - Salvatore Antibo, Italy, 1991
10,000m: 27:32.85 - Fernando Mamede, Portugal, 1983
3,000 m Steeplechase: 8:13.32 - Mariano Scartezzini, Italy, 1981
110 m Hurdles: 13.10 - Colin Jackson, Great Britain, 1993
400 m Hurdles: 47.85 - Harald Schmid, West Germany, 1979, 1985
4x100 m Relay: 38.16 - Great Britain (Jason Gardener, Darren Campbell, Marlon Devonish, Julian Golding), 1999
4x400 m Relay: 2:59.46 - Great Britain (Roger Black, Jamie Baulch, Ewan Thomas, Mark Richardson), 1997


High Jump: 2.40m - Patrik Sjöberg, Sweden, 1989
Pole Vault: 6.00m - Radion Gataullin, Russia, 1993
=Long Jump: 8.38 - Robert Emmiyan, Soviet Union, 1987
=Long Jump: 8.38 - Kirill Sosunov, Russia, 1998
Triple Jump: 17.77 - Khristo Markov, Bulgaria, 1985
Shotput: 22.05 - Sergey Smirnov, Soviet Union, 1985
Hammer: 82.90 - Jüri Tamm, Soviet Union, 1985
Discus: 68.76 - Lars Riedel, Germany, 1995
Javelin: 92.41 - Aki Parviainen, Finland, 2001

Women


100 m: 10.77 - Ivet Lalova, Bulgaria 2004
200 m: 21.99 - Silke Gladisch, East Germany, 1987
=400 m: 48.60 - Marita Koch, East Germany, 1979
=400 m: 48.60 - Olga Vladykina, Soviet Union, 1985
800 m: 1:55.91 - Jarmila Kratachvilova, Czechoslovakia, 1985
1,500 m: 3:58.40 - Ravilya Agletdinova, Soviet Union, 1985
3,000 m: 8:35.32 - Zola Budd, Great Britain, 1985
5,000 m: 14:29.11 - Paula Radcliffe, Great Britain, 2004
10,000m: 31:03.62 - Kathrin Ullrich, Germany, 1991
3,000 m Steeplechase: 9:35.95 - Cristina Casandra, Romania, 2005
110 m Hurdles: 12.47 - Cornelia Oschkenat, East Germany, 1987
400 m Hurdles: 53.38 - Yuliya Pechonkina, Russia, 2002
4x100 m Relay: 41.65 - East Germany (Silke Gladisch, Marita Koch, Ingrid Auerswald-Lange-Marlies Göhr), 1985
4x400 m Relay: 3:18.58 - Soviet Union (Olga Nazarova, Nadezhda Olizarenko-Mariya Pinigina, Olga Vladykina), 1985


High Jump: 2.06m - Stefka Kostadinova, Bulgaria, 1985
Pole Vault: 4.75m - Monika Pyrek, Poland, 2006
Long Jump: 7.42 - Tatyana Kotova, Russia, 2002
Triple Jump: 14.98 - Tatyana Lebedeva, Russia, 2000
Shotput: 21.56 - Natalya Lisovskaya, Soviet Union, 1987
Hammer: 76.50 - Tatyana Lysenko, Russia, 2006
Discus: 73.90 - Diana Gansky, East Germany, 1987
Javelin: 70.20 - Christina Obergföll, Germany, 2007

Host cities

# Year A Final B Final
1 1965 23x15px Stuttgart (men), Kassel (women)
2 1967 23x15px Kiev
3 1970 23x15px Stockholm
4 1973 23x15px Edinburgh
5 1975 23x15px Nice
6 1977 23x15px Helsinki 23x15px Gothenburg (men), 23x15px Třinec (women)
7 1979 23x15px Turin 23x15px Karlovac (men), 23x15px Paris (women)
8 1981 23x15px Zagreb 23x15px Athens (men), 23x15px Pescara (women)
9 1983 23x15px London 23x15px Prague (men), 23x15px Sittard (women)
10 1985 23x15px Moscow 23x15px Budapest (men), 23x15px Budapest (women)
11 1987 23x15px Prague 23x15px Gothenburg (men), 23x15px Gothenburg (women)
12 1989 23x15px Gateshead 23x15px Brussels (men), 23x15px Strasbourg (women)
13 1991 23x15px Frankfurt 23x15px Barcelona
14 1993 23x15px Rome 23x15px Brussels
15 1994 23x15px Birmingham 23x15px Valencia
16 1995 23x15px Villeneuve d'Ascq 23x16px Basel, 23x15px Turku
17 1996 23x15px Madrid 23x15px Lisbon, 23x15px Bergen
18 1997 23x15px Munich 23x15px Prague, 23x15px Dublin
19 1998 23x15px St. Petersburg 23x15px Budapest, 23x15px Malmö
20 1999 23x15px Paris 23x15px Lahti, 23x15px Athens
21 2000 23x15px Gateshead 23x15px Oslo, 23x15px Bydgoszcz
21 2001 23x15px Bremen 23x15px Vaasa, 23x15px Budapest
22 2002 23x15px Annecy 23x15px Banská Bystrica, 23x15px Seville
23 2003 23x15px Florence 23x15px Lappeenranta, 23x15px Velenje
24 2004 23x15px Bydgoszcz 23x15px Plovdiv, 23x15px Istanbul
25 2005 23x15px Florence 23x15px Gävle, 23x15px Leiria
26 2006 23x15px Málaga 23x15px Prague, 23x15px Thessaloniki
27 2007 23x15px Munich 23x15px Vaasa, 23x15px Milan
28 2008 23x15px Annecy 23x15px Leiria, 23x15px Istanbul

See also

References

  1. "Overall Qualification Ranking 2008". European Athletics. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 

External links