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European Grand Prix

This article is about the Formula One race. For other uses, see European Grand Prix (disambiguation).
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23x15px Baku European Grand Prix[1]
Baku Street Circuit (Azadliq Avenue)[2][3][N 1]
File:Formula1 Circuit Baku.svg
Race information
Number of times held Total - 22
23x15px Nürburgring - 12
23x15px Valencia Street Circuit - 5
23x15px Brands Hatch - 2
23x15px Circuito de Jerez - 2
23x15px Donington Park - 1
First held 1983
Last held 2012
Most wins (drivers) 23x15px Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors) 23x15px Ferrari (7)
Circuit length 6.006 km (3.753 mi)
Last race (2012)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The European Grand Prix (sometimes referred to as the Grand Prix of Europe and to be known from 2016 as the Baku European Grand Prix)[1] is a Formula One event that was introduced during the mid-1980s and was held regularly from 1999 until 2012. The most recent host venue for this event was the Valencia Street Circuit in Valencia, Spain, hosting the race from 2008 until 2012. The race was removed from the calendar in 2013, and will be revived in 2016, this time hosted on a street circuit in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.[1]

In earlier years, the European Grand Prix was not a race in its own right but just an honorific title; one of the national Grands Prix was also designated as the European Grand Prix. The first race to be so named was the 1923 Italian Grand Prix, held at Monza and won by Carlo Salamano in a Fiat and the last one was the 1977 British Grand Prix. Since its reintroduction, the European Grand Prix is usually held in a country that also holds a national Grand Prix in that same year, however in 2016, the Baku European Grand Prix will be held in Azerbaijan, which does not hold another Formula One race.

Historical

The European Grand Prix was created as an honorific title by the AIACR, the FIA's predecessor in the organisation of motor racing events. The first race to receive the title was the Italian Grand Prix, in 1923, and it was followed by the French Grand Prix and Belgian Grand Prix. After a hiatus in 1929, Spa received the last honorific title of the pre-WWII years, in 1930.

The title was revived by the FIA after World War II, and was first given to the Belgian Grand Prix in 1947, and was distributed across several countries until the 1977 British Grand Prix, the last race to receive the honorific title. All post-war honorific European Grands Prix were Formula One races except for the 1952 event, which was run to Formula Two regulations.

The Italian Grand Prix was named the European Grand Prix seven times, which was more than any other race. It received the title three times in the 1920s.

First modern iteration

The event was initially created as a stopgap. In 1983, the Formula One schedule originally featured a race near Flushing Meadows Park in New York. When the race was cancelled three months before the event, track organizers at Brands Hatch were able to create a European Grand Prix at the track in its place. The success of the event, buoyed by a spirited battle for the World Championship, led to the event returning on the schedule the following year.

Brands Hatch was unable to host the European Grand Prix in 1984, as it was hosting the British Grand Prix in even numbered years (alternating with Silverstone) so the European GP went to a redesigned and shorter Nürburgring circuit in 1984. It was a far cry from the 14 mile Nürburgring that most were used to seeing, and was initially unpopular during Formula One's return. Brands Hatch returned to host the European Grand Prix in 1985, but the race was replaced in 1986 by the Hungarian Grand Prix.

Second modern iteration

Donington Park (1993)

In 1990, a wealthy Japanese businessman, Tomonori Tsurumaki, built the Nippon Autopolis with the idea of hosting a Formula One race. In 1992, plans were made to have an Asian Grand Prix in 1993 to replace the Mexican Grand Prix on the schedule. However, these plans failed to materialize. Instead, Bernie Ecclestone added a race at Donington Park to the schedule, which brought back the European Grand Prix moniker. The race was the brainchild of Tom Wheatcroft, who had been trying to bring F1 to the track since an abortive attempt to host the British Grand Prix in 1988. The first and so far only race at Donington Park resulted in Ayrton Senna's victory in mixed wet and dry conditions.

Jerez and Nürburgring (1994–2007)

The European race would go the following season to Jerez in Spain, and then returned to Nürburgring, which was now popular again with drivers. Because of this it hosted the race again in 1996, but after complaints that no other countries were to get the race, the Nürburgring race was renamed the Luxembourg Grand Prix. Jerez got the race back in 1997 as a replacement for the Portuguese Grand Prix. Jerez hosted the season finale that year, and it was the site of the famous collision between Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve which saw Schumacher get disqualified from the championship. It was also the scene of Mika Häkkinen's first Formula One victory.

In 1998, the European Grand Prix was dropped from the schedule, but returned in 1999 when the race at Nürburgring re-adopted the European Grand Prix name.

The 1999 race saw torrential rain conditions which caused numerous retirements, presenting Johnny Herbert with the opportunity to take Stewart Grand Prix's first and only victory in its final season before being sold to Ford.

The race continued to be held at the Nürburgring until 2007. On August 29, 2006 it was announced that it had been removed from the F1 calendar for the 2007 season. From then there would only be one GP hosted in Germany each year, alternating between Hockenheimring and Nürburgring. However, what the name of this Grand Prix would be was uncertain for a time; while originally intended to be the German Grand Prix from 2007,[4] the Nürburgring race of 2007 was renamed "Großer Preis von Europa" (European Grand Prix)[5] due to a dispute over the ownership of the title "German Grand Prix".[6]

Valencia (2008–2012)

From 2008 to 2012 the European Grand Prix took place in Valencia, Spain. During the 2009 event, Valencia signed a deal for a further 5 races, which puts Valencia on the calendar until 2014. There are doubts about its continuation on the calendar thereafter due to disappointing attendances and increased competition between nations to host a grand prix, leaving no room for one country to host two races. Its vacated place on the calendar is set to rotate among other nations, as the sport seeks new markets.[7][8]

In March 2012, it was announced that the European Grand Prix would be discontinued in 2013, with the Spanish Grand Prix alternating between Barcelona and Valencia.[9] However, Barcelona retained the race since 2013, and the Valencia circuit was removed from the calendar.

Baku (2016)

File:Baku Street Circuit.jpg
Proposed layout of the Baku circuit[10]

The European Grand Prix will be revived in 2016. Now known as the "Baku European Grand Prix",[1] the race will be held on the streets of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.[3]

Winners of the European Grand Prix

Repeat winners (drivers)

Only includes standalone events. Bold indicates a driver active in the current season.

# of wins Driver Achieved
6 23x15px Michael Schumacher 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006
3 23x15px Fernando Alonso 2005, 2007, 2012
2 23x15px Rubens Barrichello 2002, 2009
23x15px Sebastian Vettel 2010, 2011

Repeat winners (constructors)

Only includes standalone events. Bold indicates a constructor active in the current season.

# of wins Constructor Achieved
7 23x15px Ferrari 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2012
4 23x15px McLaren 1984, 1993, 1997, 2007
3 23x15px Williams 1985, 1996, 2003
2 23x15px Benetton 1994, 1995
23x15px Red Bull 2010, 2011

By year: The European Grand Prix as a standalone event

File:Circuit Valensia street.png
Valencia Street circuit, used from 2008 to 2012
File:Nürburgring - Grand-Prix Stecke.svg
Nürburgring GP circuit, used from 1984, 1995, 1996 and 1999-2007
File:Circuit Jerez.png
Jerez, used in 1994 and 1997
File:Donington circuit.svg
Donington, used in 1993
File:Brands Hatch.svg
Brands Hatch, used in 1983 and 1985
File:European GP map.png
A map of all the locations of the European Grand Prix and other Grands Prix designated as the European Grand Prix.
Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2012 23x15px Fernando Alonso Ferrari 23x15px Valencia Report
2011 23x15px Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Report
2010 23x15px Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Report
2009 23x15px Rubens Barrichello Brawn-Mercedes Report
2008 23x15px Felipe Massa Ferrari Report
2007 23x15px Fernando Alonso McLaren-Mercedes 23x15px Nürburgring GP-Strecke Report
2006 23x15px Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2005 23x15px Fernando Alonso Renault Report
2004 23x15px Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2003 23x15px Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Report
2002 23x15px Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Report
2001 23x15px Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2000 23x15px Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
1999 23x15px Johnny Herbert Stewart-Ford Report
1998 Not held
1997 23x15px Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes 23x15px Jerez Report
1996 23x15px Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault 23x15px Nürburgring GP-Strecke Report
1995 23x15px Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Report
1994 23x15px Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford 23x15px Jerez Report
1993 23x15px Ayrton Senna McLaren-Ford 23x15px Donington Report
1992
-
1986
Not held
1985 23x15px Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda 23x15px Brands Hatch Report
1984 23x15px Alain Prost McLaren-TAG 23x15px Nürburgring GP-Strecke Report
1983 23x15px Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 23x15px Brands Hatch Report

By year: The European Grand Prix as an honorary designation

Year Driver Constructor Designated Grand Prix Location Report
1977 23x15px James Hunt McLaren-Ford 23x15px British Grand Prix Silverstone Report
1976 23x15px James Hunt McLaren-Ford 23x15px Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort Report
1975 23x15px Vittorio Brambilla March-Ford 23x15px Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring Report
1974 23x16px Clay Regazzoni Ferrari 23x15px German Grand Prix Nürburgring Nordschleife Report
1973 23x15px Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Zolder Report
1972 23x15px Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford 23x15px British Grand Prix Brands Hatch Report
1971
-
1969
Not held
1968 23x15px Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford 23x15px German Grand Prix Nürburgring Nordschleife Report
1967 23x15px John Surtees Honda 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1966 23x15px Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco 23x15px French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1965 23x15px Jim Clark Lotus-Climax 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 14 km circuit Report
1964 23x15px Jim Clark Lotus-Climax 23x15px British Grand Prix Brands Hatch Report
1963 23x15px Graham Hill BRM 23x15px Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Report
1962 23x15px Graham Hill BRM 23x15px Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort Report
1961 23x15px Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax 23x15px German Grand Prix Nürburgring Nordschleife Report
1960 23x15px Phil Hill Ferrari 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Full Circuit Report
1959 23x15px Tony Brooks Ferrari 23x15px French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1958 23x15px Tony Brooks Vanwall 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 14 km circuit Report
1957 23x15px Tony Brooks
23x15px Stirling Moss
Vanwall 23x15px British Grand Prix Aintree Report
1956 23x15px Stirling Moss Maserati 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Full Circuit Report
1955 23x15px Maurice Trintignant Ferrari 23x15px Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Report
1954 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes-Benz 23x15px German Grand Prix Nürburgring Nordschleife Report
1953 Not held
1952 23x15px Alberto Ascari Ferrari 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 14 km circuit Report
1951 23x15px Luigi Fagioli
23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio
Alfa Romeo 23x15px French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1950 23x15px Giuseppe Farina Alfa Romeo 23x15px British Grand Prix Silverstone Report
1949 23x15px Alberto Ascari Ferrari 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1948 23x15px Carlo Felice Trossi Alfa Romeo 23x16px Swiss Grand Prix Bremgarten Report
1947 23x15px Jean-Pierre Wimille Alfa Romeo 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 14 km circuit Report
1946
-
1931
Not held
1930 23x15px Louis Chiron Bugatti 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 15 km circuit Report
1929 Not held
1928 23x15px Louis Chiron Bugatti 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Full Circuit Report
1927 23x15px Robert Benoist Delage 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Full Circuit Report
1926 23x15px Jules Goux Bugatti 23x15px San Sebastián Grand Prix Lasarte Report
1925 23x15px Antonio Ascari Alfa Romeo 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 15 km circuit Report
1924 23x15px Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo 23x15px French Grand Prix Lyon Report
1923 23x15px Carlo Salamano Fiat 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza Full Circuit Report

Footnotes

  1. ^ The name "Baku Street Circuit" has been used to refer to two circuits within the city for Formula One and FIA GT races. The European Grand Prix will be held on a circuit based around Azadliq Avenue.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Azerbaijan layout unveiled for Baku European Grand Prix in 2016". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 8 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Азад Рагимов рассказал о примерной трассе бакинского этапа Формулы-1. www.azerisport.com (in Russian). Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Formula 1 - Azerbaijan Grand Prix debut delayed until 2016". uk.eurosport.yahoo.com. Reuters. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Official FIA press release. "2007 FIA Formula One championship circuit and lap information, published on February 14, 2007". Official FIA press release. Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  5. ^ "Nürburgring". Official Homepage of the Nürburgring. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  6. ^ The race held at Nürburgring in 2007 was originally going to be called the German Grand Prix but the title was changed to European Grand Prix due to the dispute over the ownership of the German Grand Prix name. See Autosport: Name row leads to return of European GP
  7. ^ BBC Sport (2011-01-21). "Rome gives up on plans to become an F1 Grand Prix host". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  8. ^ YallaF1.com. "Valencia wants out of Euro GP contract". Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  9. ^ "Valencia pays 2012 fee, Spain to alternate from 2013". MSN Sport. MSN Sport. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Baku street track for 2016 F1 European Grand Prix unveiled - F1 news - AUTOSPORT.com". Autosport. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 

External links

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