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European Parliament election, 1994

Template:Infobox Election The 1994 European Parliamentary Election was a European election held across the 12 European Union member states in June 1994.

This election saw the merge of the European People's Party and European Democrats, an increase in the overall number of seats (567 members were elected to the European Parliament) and a fall in overall turnout to 57%.

The five years which had passed since the previous election had seen enormous political upheavals in Europe. These changes included the End of Communism in Europe, German Reunification, the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Velvet Divorce in Czechoslovakia and the Breakup of Yugoslavia. The End of the Cold War meant three politically neutral states in Europe had begun a process of acceding to the EU that would culminate in the 1995 enlargement of the European Union. The EU itself had assumed its current name through adoption of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993.


European Parliament election, 1994 - Final results at 18-21 July 1994
Group Description Chaired by MEPs
  PES Social Democrats Pauline Green 198 400px
  EPP Conservatives and Christian Democrats Wilfried Martens 157
  ELDR Liberals and Liberal Democrats Gijs De Vries 43
  EUL Communists and the Far Left Alonso José Puerta 28
  FE Conservatives and Christian Democrats Giancarlo Ligabue 27
  EDA National Conservatives Jean-Claude Pasty 26
  G Greens Alexander Langer
Claudia Roth
  ERA Liberals and Liberal Democrats Catherine Lalumière 19
  EN Eurosceptics James Goldsmith 19
  NI Independents none 27 Total: 567 Sources: [1][2][3]

The members of the European Democrats had joined the European People's Party, some as associate members such as the British Conservatives who did not wish to subscribe to the EPP's pro-federalist position. Despite the merger the EPP failed one more to become the largest party, with the Party of European Socialists once more claiming victory with a 41-seat lead over the People's Party.

Elected in 1994 were Forza Italia, who formed their own short lived group, Forza Europa, before merging with the European Democratic Alliance a year after the election to become the Group Union for Europe. In addition to Forza Europa, another new group was founded following the fall of the European Right group: the Europe of Nations Group (Coordination Group) - the first Eurosceptic group in parliament, which lasted until 1996.

Results by country

The national results as at 9–12 June 1994 are as follows:

Belgium 4 CVP


3 PS

3 SP




1 VU

2 VB 25


Seat distribution

National Distribution of Seats
State 1989 1994 State 1989 1994
23x15px Germany 81 99 23x15px Belgium 24 25
23x15px United Kingdom 81 87 23x15px Portugal 24 25
23x15px France 81 87 23x15px Greece 24 25
23x15px Italy 81 87 23x15px Denmark 16 16
23x15px Spain 60 64 23x15px Ireland 15 15
23x15px Netherlands 25 31 23x15px Luxembourg 6 6

The number of seats was changed to accommodate Austria, Finland and Sweden who were joining the following year, holding elections then. They were granted 21,16 and 22 seats respectively. The total number of seats increased from 518 to 567.

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