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Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami

Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami
DateNovember 629 AD, 8AH
  • Rifa’a ibn Qays successfully assassinated[1][2]
  • Lots of booty captured[3]
Commanders and leaders
Abi Hadrad al-Aslami
Casualties and losses

Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami,[6] took place in January 629 AD, 7AH, Shawwal (10th month) of the Islamic Calendar.[3][7] In this expedition, the chief of the Banu Jusham tribe Rifa’a ibn Qays was successfully assassinated.[1][2]

Assassination of Rifa’a ibn Qays

Rifa’ah bin Qays and some men from the Banu Jusham bin Mo’awiya camped in al-Ghābah. According to Ibn Hisham he reportedly wanted to gather the people of Qais and entice them into fighting the Muslims. Muhammad, on hearing these reports, despatched Abu Hadrad with two men.

They set out until they were near the camp of Rifa’ah and his men and gathered intelligence.[8] In the night, Abu Hadrad killed Rifa’ah, and then he with his two companions went back to Muhammad.[1] The Muslim scholar Saifur Rahman al Mubarakpuri also mentions that, Abu Hadrad, through a clever strategy, managed to rout the enemy and capture a lot of their cattle as booty. [3]

According to Ibn Hisham. Abu Hardad shot Qais with an arrow in the heart, and then cut off his head and quickly escaped, Ibn Hisham writes:

"As he went he passed by me, and when he came in range I shot him in the heart with an arrow, and he died without uttering a word. I leapt upon him and cut off his head and ran in the direction of the camp shouting ”Allah hu akbar”."
[Ibn Hisham, Pg 671][2]

In total 1 person was beheaded[4] and 4 women were captured by Muslims 4 women captured by Muslims.[5]

Islamic Primary sources

The Expedition is referenced by the Muslim scholar Ibn Sa'd in his book, Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir, Volume 2[8] and by Ibn Hisham, in his biography of Muhammad. Ibn Hisham mentions the event as follows:

See also


  1. ^ a b c "The Life of Imam Al-Mahdi". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "The life of Muhammad". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c The sealed nectar, By S.R. Al-Mubarakpuri, Pg242 Author references Za'd Al-Ma'ad 2/149, 150; Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen 2/229, 230; Mukhtasar Seerat Ar-Rasool p.322-324
  4. ^ a b Ibn Hisham , Ibn Ishaq, Alfred Guillaume (translator) (1998). The life of Muhammad: a translation of Isḥāq's Sīrat rasūl Allāh. Oxford University Press. pp. 671–672. 
  5. ^ a b Al Tabari, Michael Fishbein (translator) (1997), Volume 8, Victory of Islam, State University of New York Press, p. 151, ISBN 9780791431504 
  6. ^ "The History of al-Tabari Vol. 9". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "In the year 7 A.H, shortly before the Compensatory ‘Umrah",
  8. ^ a b "Kitab Al-tabaqat Al-Kabir". Retrieved 17 December 2014.