Open Access Articles- Top Results for F. John Lewis

F. John Lewis

Floyd John Lewis (1916–1993) was an American surgeon who performed the first successful open heart operation, closing an atrial spetal defect in a 5 year old girl, on September 2, 1952.[1] For the next 3 years, Lewis and colleagues operated on 60 patients with atrial septal defects using hypothermia and inflow occlusion.[2] He was best friends with C. Walton Lillihei and they worked together at the University of Minnesota.[3]

In 1956, Lewis moved on from Minnesota to Northwestern University where he became the first full-time member of the faculty of surgery. At Northwestern, F. John continued investigating the use of hypothermia in the operating room.[4] Lewis later trained Thomas Starzl, who was completing a fellowship in cardiovascular surgery at Northwestern, and helped him to win a Markle Scholarship.[5]

After being passed up for the Chair of Surgery position, Lewis departed for Santa Barbara in 1976 where he engaged in new careers: writing hiking and mountain-climbing essays, and publishing a pamphlet entitled Bicycling Santa Barbara.[6] He died on September 20, 1993 in Santa Barbara of septicemia.


  1. ^ Fedak, PW (1998). "Open hearts. The origins of direct-vision intracardiac surgery.". Tex Heart Inst J. 25 (2): 100–111. PMC 342471. PMID 325520. 
  2. ^ Moller, JH; Shumway SJ; Gott VL (September 2009). "The first open-heart repairs using extracorporeal circulation by cross-circulation: a 53-year follow-up.". Ann Thorac Surg 88 (3): 1044–6. PMID 19699962. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2009.05.077. 
  3. ^ Gott, VL (June 2005). "Lillehei, Lewis, and Wangensteen: the right mix for giant achievements in cardiac surgery.". Ann Thorac Surg 79 (6): S2210–3. PMID 15919253. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2005.02.078. 
  4. ^ Shumway, NE (September 1999). "C. Walton and F. John.". Ann Thorac Surg 68 (3 Suppl): S34–6. PMID 10505989. 
  5. ^ Shumway, NE (September 1999). "C. Walton and F. John.". Ann Thorac Surg 68 (3 Suppl): S34–6. PMID 10505989. 
  6. ^ Shumway, NE (January 1996). "F. John Lewis, MD: 1916-1993." 61 (1). pp. 250–1. PMID 8561575. doi:10.1016/0003-4975(95)00768-7. 

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