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Open Access Articles- Top Results for FIFA World Cup qualification

FIFA World Cup qualification

The FIFA World Cup qualification is the process that a national association football team goes through to qualify for the FIFA World Cup Finals. The FIFA World Cup is the largest international team sport competition in the world with a qualification process required to reduce the large field of countries from over 200 to just 32 for the World Cup Finals.

Qualifying tournaments are held within the six FIFA continental zones (Africa, Asia, North and Central America and Caribbean, South America, Oceania, Europe), and are organized by their respective confederations. For each tournament, FIFA decides beforehand the number of places in the finals allocated to each of the continental zones, based on the numbers and/or relative strength of the confederations' teams. 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification commenced in 2011 and finished in late 2013.

The hosts of the World Cup receive an automatic berth. Unlike many other sports, results of the previous World Cups or of the continental championships are not taken into account. Until 2002, the defending champions also received an automatic berth, but starting from the 2006 World Cup this is no longer the case.

History

Over many years, the World Cup's qualification has evolved, from having no qualification at all in 1930, when the tournament was invitational and only 13 teams entered, to the current two-year process. The first World Cup qualifying match was played on 11 June 1933 when Sweden defeated Estonia 6–2 in Stockholm. The first ever goal in a World Cup qualifying match was scored 7 minutes into the game: it was scored according to some sources by Swedish captain Knut Kroon, or according to other sources by Estonian goalkeeper Evald Tipner (own goal).

While the number of teams which qualified for the finals has increased steadily, from 16 between 1934 and 1978, to 24 between 1982 and 1994, and finally to 32 starting from 1998, the qualification format has been basically the same throughout the history of the World Cup. The teams have been grouped continentally, and they competed for a fixed number of places, with one or two places awarded to the winners of intercontinental play-offs.

Qualification spots by continent

The table below lists the numbers of spots allocated by FIFA for each continent in each tournament. If no places were allocated to a continent, such as in the case of Oceania prior to 1966 and Africa in 1950, this does not indicate an exclusion of those continents by FIFA, but rather that no country of those continents made an entry to the aforementioned Cups.[1]

A large part of Africa was under colonial rule during part of the 20th century, mainly the first half of the century. As of 1954, only 3 African countries were affiliated to FIFA: Egypt, in 1923, Sudan, in 1948, and Ethiopia, in 1952.[2] Sudan and Ethiopia made entries for no Cup prior to 1958. Egypt made entries for the 1934, 1938 and 1954 Cups, though not for the 1930 and 1950 Cups. Though an African country, Egypt entered in 1938 and 1954 in the European group, therefore the table below gives no data about Africa for these two Cups.

Places in the intercontinental play-offs count as 0.5 spots. Numbers in bold represent the winners of the intercontinental play-offs. "+C" denotes an additional spot for defending champions. "+H" denotes an additional spot for hosts.

Places allocated for continents
Continental zone 1934
23x15px
(16)
1938
23x15px
(15)1
1950
23x15px
(13)2
1954
23x16px
(16)
1958
23x15px
(16)
1962
23x15px
(16)
1966
23x15px
(16)
1970
23x15px
(16)
1974
23x15px
(16)
1978
23x15px
(16)
1982
23x15px
(24)
1986
23x15px
(24)
1990
23x15px
(24)
1994
23x15px
(24)
1998
23x15px
(32)
2002
Template:Country data South Korea
Template:Country data Japan
(32)
2006
23x15px
(32)6
2010
23x15px
(32)
2014
23x15px
(32)
2018
23x15px
(32)
2022
23x15px
(32)
Africa 1 0 0.53 0.54 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 5
+H
5 5  
Asia 1 12 1 0.54 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3.5 2.5
+2H
4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 H
Oceania 0 0.5 0.5 0.255 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5  
Europe 12 111
+C+H
72
+C
11
+H
9.53
+C+H
8+4
2×0.5
9
+H
8
+C
8.5
+H
8.5
+C
13
+H
12.5
+C
13
+H
12
+C
14
+H
13.5
+C
13
+H
13 13 13
+H
 
North and Central America
and Caribbean
1 1 2 1 1 0.5 1 1
+H
1 1 2 1
+H
2 1.255
+H
3 3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5  
South America 2 1 4
+H
1
+C
3 3.5
+C+H
3
+C
3 2.5
+C
2.5
+H
3
+C
4 2.5
+C
3.55 4
+C
4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
+H
4.5  
Total 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32
  • 1 In 1938, Austria withdrew after qualifying due to being annexed by Germany and were not replaced, so only 15 teams, 12 of them European, played in the finals.
  • 2 In 1950, India, Scotland and Turkey withdrew after qualifying and were not replaced, so only 13 teams, none of them Asian and 6 of them European, played in the finals.
  • 3 Initially in 1958, Africa and Asia together were given 1 spot, while Europe was given 9 spots. However, after Israel won the African and Asian zone without playing any matches due to withdrawals of other teams, a special play-off was arranged between them and a European team (Wales). So in effect, Africa and Asia together were given 0.5 spots, while Europe was given 9.5 spots.
  • 4 In 1962, Europe was given 8 automatic spots, plus 2 additional spots in the intercontinental play-offs, in effect giving them 9 spots. The two European teams played an African team and an Asian team respectively, and both European teams won. Therefore, 10 European teams played in the finals.
  • 5 In 1994, there were two rounds of intercontinental play-offs. First, an Oceanian team played a team from North and Central America and Caribbean, and the winner then played a South American team.
  • 6 From the 2006 qualifiers on, the defending champion no longer has an automatic spot secured.

Qualification competition entrants over time

The number of teams entering the qualification process and the number of matches played have been steadily growing over time. Though an African country, Egypt entered in 1938 and 1954 into the European group, therefore being zero the below indicator as for Africa in these years.

Number of teams entering qualification (including automatic qualifiers)
Continental zone 1934
23x15px
(16)
1938
23x15px
(15)
1950
23x15px
(13)
1954
23x16px
(16)
1958
23x15px
(16)
1962
23x15px
(16)
1966
23x15px
(16)
1970
23x15px
(16)
1974
23x15px
(16)
1978
23x15px
(16)
1982
23x15px
(24)
1986
23x15px
(24)
1990
23x15px
(24)
1994
23x15px
(24)
1998
23x15px
(32)
2002
Template:Country data South Korea
Template:Country data Japan
(32)
2006
23x15px
(32)
2010
23x15px
(32)
2014
23x15px
(32)
2018
23x15px
(32)
2022
23x15px
(32)
Africa 3 0 0 0 11 6 21 13 24 26 29 29 26 40 38 51 51 53 52 54
Asia 2 4 3 5 7 18 22 21 27 26 29 36 42 39 43 43 46
Oceania1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 5 7 10 10 12 11 11 11
Europe 21 26 19 29 29 30 33 31 33 32 34 33 33 39 50 51 52 53 53 53
North and Central America
and Caribbean
4 7 3 5 6 8 10 14 14 17 15 18 16 23 30 35 34 35 35 35
South America 4 2 8 6 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 10 10 10
Total entrants 32 37 34 45 55 56 74 75 99 107 109 121 116 147 174 199 198 2053 204 209
Teams played2 27 21 19 33 46 49 51 68 90 95 103 110 103 130 168 193 194 2003 203 207
Matches played 27 22 26 57 89 92 127 172 226 252 306 308 314 497 643 777 847 853 828 26
Goals scored 141 96 121 208 341 325 393 542 620 723 797 801 735 1446 1922 2452 2464 2344 2303 75
Average goals per match 5.22 4.36 4.65 3.65 3.83 3.53 3.09 3.15 2.74 2.87 2.60 2.60 2.34 2.91 2.99 3.16 2.91 2.75 2.81 2.88
  • 1 Because the Oceania Football Confederation has used the World Cup Qualifiers as a phase of (or as the entire) Oceania Nations Cup, there is the possibility that non-FIFA countries may play in matches that double as World Cup qualifiers. In the 2006 qualifiers, New Caledonia were included in the tournament although they were not FIFA members at the date of close of entries. They are, however, included in the 12 nations listed as they joined FIFA during the course of qualification, even though they had been technically eliminated from contention a few days earlier (a similar situation occurred in the entries for 2010, with Montenegro's entry accepted prior to their admission by FIFA). By contrast, Tuvalu competed in the 2007 South Pacific Games Football tournament, which doubled as qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup. As they were not FIFA members at the time of the completion of the competition, they are not included in the 11 OFC entrants, although their results counted towards the qualification of other teams.
  • 2 "Teams played" is the total number of teams that played at least one qualifying match.
  • 3 This number includes Tuvalu (see note 1) and South Africa. Although South Africa qualified automatically for 2010 as hosts, they competed in the CAF qualifiers, becoming the first hosts to compete in World Cup qualifying since 1934. This is because the Confederation of African Football used its 2010 World Cup qualifiers as the qualifying phase for the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, a tournament for which South Africa had to attempt to qualify.

First appearance in qualification by team

Note: Only teams that played at least one match are considered for the purposes of first appearance. Teams that withdrew prior to the qualification, or that qualified to the World Cup automatically due to other teams' withdrawals, are not considered.

World Cup Europe South America North, Central America and Caribbean Asia Africa Oceania Total
23x15px
1934
23x15px Austria
23x15px Belgium
23x15px Bulgaria
23x15px Czechoslovakia[A]
23x15px Estonia
23x15px France
23x15px Germany[B]
23x15px Greece
23x15px Hungary
23x15px Irish Free State[C]
23x15px Italy[D]
23x15px Lithuania
23x15px Luxembourg
23x15px Netherlands
23x15px Poland
23x15px Portugal
23x15px Romania
23x15px Spain
23x15px Sweden
23x16px  Switzerland
23x15px Yugoslavia[E]
none 23x15px Cuba
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Haiti
    23x15px Mexico
    23x15px United States
23x15px Palestine, British Mandate[F] 23x15px Egypt none 27
23x15px
1938
23x15px Finland
23x15px Latvia
23x15px Norway
none none none none none 3
23x15px
1950
23x15px England
23x15px Ireland[G]
23x15px Scotland
23x15px Turkey[H]
23x15px Wales
none none 23x15px Syria none none 6
23x16px
1954
23x15px Saar 23x15px Brazil[I]
23x15px Chile[J]
23x15px Paraguay[K]
none Template:Country data JPN[L]
Template:Country data KOR
none none 6
23x15px
1958
23x15px Denmark
23x15px East Germany
Template:Country data ISL
23x15px Soviet Union[M]
23x15px Argentina[N]
23x15px Bolivia[O]
23x15px Colombia[P]
23x15px Peru[Q]
23x15px Uruguay[R]
23x15px Canada
23x15px Costa Rica[S]
23x15px Guatemala
23x15px Territory of Curaçao[T]
23x15px China PR
Template:Country data IDN[U]
23x15px Sudan none 16
23x15px
1962
23x15px Cyprus[V] 23x15px Ecuador[W] 23x15px Dutch Guyana[X]
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Honduras
none 23x15px Ethiopia
23x15px Ghana
23x15px Morocco
23x15px Nigeria
23x15px Tunisia
none 9
23x15px
1966
23x15px Albania 23x15px Venezuela[Y] Template:Country data JAM
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago
Template:Country data PRK none 23x15px Australia 6
23x15px
1970
none none 23x15px Bermuda
23x15px El Salvador[Z]
none 23x15px Algeria[AA]
23x15px Cameroon[AB]
23x15px Libya[AC]
23x15px Rhodesia[AD]
23x15px Senegal[AE]
23x15px Zambia
23x15px New Zealand 9
23x15px
1974
23x15px Malta none 23x15px Antigua and Barbuda
23x15px Puerto Rico
Template:Country data HKG
Template:Country data IRN
Template:Country data IRQ
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Kuwait
    23x15px Malaysia
    23x15px South Vietnam
    23x15px Thailand
23x15px Congo
23x15px Dahomey[AF]
23x15px Guinea[AG]
23x15px Ivory Coast
Template:Country data KEN
23x15px Lesotho
23x15px Mauritius
23x15px Sierra Leone
23x15px Tanzania
23x15px Togo
23x15px Zaire[AH]
none 21
23x15px
1978
none none 23x15px Barbados
23x15px Dominican Republic
23x15px Guyana
23x15px Panama
23x15px Bahrain
23x15px Qatar
23x15px Republic of China[AI]
23x15px Saudi Arabia
23x15px Singapore
23x15px Malawi
23x15px Mauritania
23x15px Niger
23x15px Uganda
23x15px Upper Volta[AJ]
none 14
23x15px
1982
none none 23x15px Grenada 23x15px Macau 23x15px Gambia
23x15px Liberia[AK]
23x15px Madagascar[AL]
23x15px Mozambique
23x15px Somalia
23x15px Fiji 8
23x15px
1986
none none none 23x15px Bangladesh
23x15px Brunei
Template:Country data JOR
Template:Country data IND[AM]
File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal
23x15px North Yemen[AN]
23x15px South Yemen
23x15px United Arab Emirates[AO]
23x15px Angola none 9
23x15px
1990
none none none 23x15px Oman[AP]
23x15px Pakistan
23x15px Gabon[AQ] none 3
23x15px
1994
23x15px Faroe Islands
23x15px San Marino
none 23x15px Nicaragua
23x15px Saint Lucia
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
23x15px Lebanon[AR]
23x15px Sri Lanka[AS]
23x15px Vietnam
23x15px Botswana
23x15px Burundi
23x15px Namibia
23x15px South Africa
23x15px Swaziland
23x15px Solomon Islands
23x15px Tahiti
23x15px Vanuatu
16
23x15px
1998
23x15px Armenia
23x15px Azerbaijan
23x15px Belarus
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina
23x15px Croatia
23x15px Georgia
23x15px Liechtenstein[AT]
23x15px Macedonia
23x15px Moldova
23x15px Slovakia
23x15px Slovenia
23x15px Ukraine
none 23x15px Aruba
23x15px Belize
23x15px Cayman Islands
23x15px Dominica
23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis
23x15px Cambodia
Template:Country data KAZ
Template:Country data KGZ
23x15px Maldives[AU]
23x15px Philippines[AV]
23x15px Tajikistan
23x15px Turkmenistan
23x15px Uzbekistan
23x15px Guinea-Bissau
23x15px Rwanda[AW]
23x15px Cook Islands
23x15px Papua New Guinea
23x15px Tonga
23x15px Western Samoa[AX]
31
Template:Country data South KoreaTemplate:Country data Japan
2002
23x15px Andorra none 23x15px Anguilla
23x15px Bahamas[AY]
23x15px British Virgin Islands
23x15px Montserrat
23x15px Turks and Caicos Islands
23x15px U.S. Virgin Islands
23x15px Guam
23x15px Laos
23x15px Mongolia
23x15px Palestine
23x15px Cape Verde
23x15px Central African Republic[AZ]
23x15px Chad
23x15px Djibouti
23x15px Equatorial Guinea
23x15px Eritrea
23x15px Mali[BA]
23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe[BB]
23x15px Seychelles
23x15px American Samoa 21
23x15px
2006
none none none 23x15px Afghanistan none 23x15px New Caledonia[BC] 2
23x15px
2010
23x15px Montenegro none none 23x15px Myanmar[BD]
23x15px Timor-Leste
23x15px Comoros 23x15px Tuvalu[BE] 5
23x15px
2014
none none none none none none 0
23x15px
2018
none none none 23x15px Bhutan[BF] 23x15px South Sudan none 2
  1. ^ The Czechoslovakia team was officially renamed as the 23x15px Representation of Czechs and Slovaks during the 1994 qualification, and was then succeeded by the 23x15px Czech Republic (first appearance: 1998).
  2. ^ Germany was later succeeded by 23x15px West Germany (first appearance: 1954), and then by the reunified 23x15px Germany (first appearance: 1994).
  3. ^ The Irish Free State was later succeeded by
    1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland (first appearance: 1950), which later became officially known as the
    2. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland (first appearance: 1954).
  4. ^ Despite being the host, Italy had to qualify for the tournament.
  5. ^ The 23x15px Kingdom of Yugoslavia was later succeeded by the 23x15px Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (first appearance: 1950), then by the 23x15px Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (first appearance: 1998), then by 23x15px Serbia and Montenegro (first appearance: 2006), and then by 23x15px Serbia (first appearance: 2010).
  6. ^ Mandatory Palestine was later succeeded by Template:Country data ISR (first appearance: 1950).
  7. ^ Ireland was later succeeded by 23x15px Northern Ireland (first appearance: 1954).
  8. ^ Turkey entered the 1934 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  9. ^ Brazil entered the 1934 and 1938 qualifications, but on both occasions qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals. It also qualified automatically for the 1950 World Cup as host.
  10. ^ Chile entered the 1934 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches. It also entered the 1950 qualification, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals.
  11. ^ Paraguay entered the 1950 qualification, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals.
  12. ^ Japan entered the 1938 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  13. ^ The Soviet Union was later succeeded by 23x15px Russia (first appearance: 1994).
  14. ^ Argentina entered the 1934 qualification, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals. It also entered the 1938 and 1950 qualifications, but on both occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  15. ^ Bolivia entered the 1950 qualification, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals.
  16. ^ Colombia entered the 1938 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  17. ^ Peru entered the 1934, 1950 and 1954 qualifications, but on all three occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  18. ^ Uruguay entered the 1950 qualification, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals. It also qualified automatically for the 1954 World Cup as defending champion.
  19. ^ Costa Rica entered the 1938 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  20. ^ The 23x15px Territory of Curaçao was later succeeded by the 23x15px Netherlands Antilles (first appearance: 1962), and then by 23x15px Curaçao (first appearance: 2014).
  21. ^ Indonesia entered the 1938 qualification as 23x15px Dutch East Indies, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals. It also entered the 1950 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  22. ^ Cyprus entered the 1958 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  23. ^ Ecuador entered the 1950 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  24. ^ Dutch Guyana entered the 1938 qualification, but withdrew before playing any games. It was later succeeded by 23x15px Suriname (first appearance: 1978).
  25. ^ Venezuela entered the 1958 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  26. ^ El Salvador entered the 1938 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  27. ^ Algeria entered the 1966 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  28. ^ Cameroon entered the 1966 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  29. ^ Libya entered the 1966 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  30. ^ Rhodesia was later succeeded by 23x15px Zimbabwe (first appearance: 1982).
  31. ^ Senegal entered the 1966 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  32. ^ Dahomey was later renamed as 23x15px Benin (first appearance: 1986).
  33. ^ Guinea entered the 1966 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  34. ^ Zaire was renamed as 23x15px DR Congo during the 1998 qualification.
  35. ^ The Republic of China entered the 1954 and 1958 qualifications, but on both occasions withdrew before playing any matches. It later became officially known as 23x15px Chinese Taipei (first appearance: 1982).
  36. ^ Upper Volta was later renamed as 23x15px Burkina Faso (first appearance: 1990).
  37. ^ Liberia entered the 1966 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  38. ^ Madagascar entered the 1974 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  39. ^ India entered the 1950 qualification, but qualified automatically due to other teams' withdrawals, and subsequently withdrew from participation in the finals. It also entered the 1974 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  40. ^ North Yemen was later succeeded by 23x15px Yemen (first appearance: 1994).
  41. ^ The United Arab Emirates entered the 1978 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  42. ^ Oman entered the 1986 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  43. ^ Gabon entered the 1966 and 1974 qualifications, but on both occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  44. ^ Lebanon entered but was disqualified during the 1986 qualification, and the team's matches from that campaign were annulled.
  45. ^ Sri Lanka entered the 1974 (as 23x15px Ceylon) and 1978 qualifications, but on both occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  46. ^ Liechtenstein entered the 1994 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  47. ^ The Maldives entered the 1990 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  48. ^ The Philippines entered the 1950 and 1974 qualifications, but on both occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  49. ^ Rwanda entered the 1990 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  50. ^ Western Samoa entered the 1994 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches. It was later renamed as 23x15px Samoa (first appearance: 2002).
  51. ^ The Bahamas entered the 1998 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  52. ^ The Central African Republic entered the 1978 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches. It also entered the 1982 qualification, but was disqualified before playing any matches.
  53. ^ Mali entered the 1966, 1994 and 1998 qualifications, but on all three occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  54. ^ São Tomé and Príncipe entered the 1994 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.
  55. ^ New Caledonia was not a member of FIFA at the time of the qualification.
  56. ^ Myanmar entered the 1950 (as 23x15px Burma), 1994 and 2002 qualifications, but on all three occasions withdrew before playing any matches.
  57. ^ Matches in the Football tournament of the South Pacific Games counted towards the qualification tournament for the OFC, and Tuvalu's results counted in determining advancement from this stage. However, Tuvalu was not a member of FIFA at the time of qualification and had not entered the FIFA World Cup.
  58. ^ Bhutan entered the 2010 qualification, but withdrew before playing any matches.

National teams results in World Cup preliminary competition 1934–2014

  • Note that prior to qualification for the 1998 World Cup 2 points were awarded for a victory but all victories in the table below are awarded 3 points; a draw is awarded 1 point.
Key to colours in the table
Country has won the World Cup
Country has qualified for the main tournament


Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts Confederation
23x15px Mexico 159 102 33 24 407 118 339 CONCACAF
23x15px Costa Rica 156 76 38 42 270 165 266 CONCACAF
23x15px Netherlands 115 76 23 16 275 81 251 UEFA
Template:Country data KOR 117 70 33 14 226 76 243 AFC
23x15px Russia (1994—)
23x15px Soviet Union (1958–1990)
115 73 23 19 227 75 242 UEFA
23x15px United States 138 70 32 36 229 165 242 CONCACAF
23x15px Spain 107 72 24 11 240 73 240 UEFA
23x15px Czech Republic (1998—)
23x15px Representation of Czechs and Slovaks (1994)
23x15px Czechoslovakia (1934–1994)
128 71 26 31 249 106 239 UEFA
23x15px Sweden 119 73 19 27 240 112 238 UEFA
23x15px Serbia (2010—)
23x15px Serbia and Montenegro (2006)
23x15px Yugoslavia (1998–2002)
23x15px Yugoslavia (1950–1990)
23x15px Yugoslavia (1934–1938)
118 69 28 21 249 104 235 UEFA
23x15px Australia 119 68 30 21 311 95 234 AFC
23x15px Portugal 129 67 33 29 230 135 234 UEFA
23x15px Argentina 118 68 29 21 216 111 233 CONMEBOL
23x15px Belgium 123 68 24 31 234 135 228 UEFA
23x15px England 102 68 23 11 257 64 227 UEFA
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Iran
110 66 28 16 231 76 226 AFC
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Honduras
132 64 33 35 235 145 225 CONCACAF
23x15px Italy 97 67 23 7 200 60 224 UEFA
23x15px Uruguay 136 60 38 38 186 144 218 CONMEBOL
23x15px Romania 118 64 22 32 211 124 214 UEFA
23x15px Germany (1994—)
23x15px West Germany (1954–1990)
23x15px Germany (1934–1938)
84 64 18 2 249 66 210 UEFA
23x15px El Salvador 130 60 25 45 221 152 205 CONCACAF
23x15px Paraguay 136 59 27 50 182 164 204 CONMEBOL
23x15px Scotland 115 57 25 33 175 124 196 UEFA
23x15px France 101 58 21 22 198 82 195 UEFA
23x16px  Switzerland 120 54 32 34 181 139 194 UEFA
23x15px Bulgaria 119 56 26 37 195 158 194 UEFA
23x15px Brazil 92 56 25 11 199 59 193 CONMEBOL
23x15px Saudi Arabia 100 56 25 19 187 79 193 AFC
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland (1954—)
  2. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland (1950)
    23x15px Irish Free State (1934–1938)
129 51 38 40 186 158 191 UEFA
23x15px Austria 113 55 25 33 198 124 190 UEFA
23x15px Colombia 134 50 40 44 159 140 190 CONMEBOL
Template:Country data JPN 102 55 23 24 203 78 188 AFC
23x15px Hungary 112 54 25 33 202 149 187 UEFA
23x15px Nigeria 96 53 27 16 162 74 186 CAF
23x15px Chile 128 53 27 48 191 168 186 CONMEBOL
23x15px China PR 90 58 11 21 195 63 185 AFC
23x15px Denmark 110 51 27 32 187 132 180 UEFA
23x15px Tunisia 96 51 26 19 165 78 179 CAF
23x15px Morocco 104 48 35 21 140 79 179 CAF
23x15px Poland 107 52 20 35 200 129 176 UEFA
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 121 50 25 46 181 155 175 CONCACAF
23x15px Greece 116 49 24 43 141 161 171 UEFA
23x15px Cameroon 79 49 17 13 134 57 164 CAF
23x15px Egypt[n 1] 86 48 18 20 155 85 162 CAF
23x15px Guatemala 112 44 29 39 173 138 161 CONCACAF
23x15px Canada 107 43 32 32 146 127 161 CONCACAF
23x15px Ecuador 125 41 31 53 143 173 154 CONMEBOL
23x15px Turkey 118 43 21 54 162 174 150 UEFA
23x15px New Zealand 83 45 14 24 197 93 149 OFC
23x15px Norway 116 40 29 47 153 162 149 UEFA
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Kuwait
85 45 13 27 148 82 148 AFC
23x15px Zambia 90 43 18 29 139 82 147 CAF
Template:Country data IRQ 85 42 19 24 177 85 145 AFC
23x15px Northern Ireland (1954—)
23x15px Ireland (1950)
122 37 34 51 132 154 145 UEFA
23x15px Qatar 94 41 21 32 144 102 144 AFC
Template:Country data ISR (1950—)
23x15px Palestine, British Mandate (1934–1938)
112 36 34 42 156 163 142 UEFA
23x15px Ivory Coast 71 38 23 10 134 62 137 CAF
23x15px Peru 129 35 31 63 135 185 136 CONMEBOL
23x15px Algeria 81 38 21 22 111 79 135 CAF
23x15px Uzbekistan 76 38 18 20 151 81 132 AFC
23x15px Bolivia 132 35 27 70 161 246 132 CONMEBOL
23x15px Ghana 75 38 17 20 123 61 131 CAF
Template:Country data JAM 96 35 26 35 109 119 131 CONCACAF
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Haiti
82 36 16 30 144 115 124 CONCACAF
Template:Country data PRK 75 34 18 23 102 69 120 AFC
23x15px Wales 110 33 21 56 138 164 120 UEFA
23x15px United Arab Emirates 79 33 17 29 126 94 116 AFC
23x15px Guinea 70 34 11 25 112 86 113 CAF
23x15px Ukraine 60 30 20 10 95 43 110 UEFA
23x15px Finland 119 30 20 69 125 274 110 UEFA
23x15px DR Congo (1998—)
23x15px Zaire (1974–1998)
69 31 16 22 112 77 109 CAF
23x15px Bahrain 80 28 25 27 95 84 109 AFC
23x15px Croatia 50 29 15 6 89 42 102 UEFA
23x15px Syria[n 1] 64 27 15 22 137 75 96 AFC
23x15px Angola 59 24 22 13 78 53 94 CAF
23x15px Oman 62 25 17 20 104 63 92 AFC
23x15px Slovakia 54 26 14 14 93 57 92 UEFA
23x15px Venezuela 122 23 19 80 101 279 88 CONMEBOL
23x15px Senegal 55 21 19 15 75 51 82 CAF
23x15px South Africa 42 25 7 10 55 34 82 CAF
Template:Country data JOR 62 23 13 26 84 85 82 AFC
Template:Country data ISL 96 21 18 57 100 208 81 UEFA
23x15px Panama 78 21 17 40 88 142 80 CONCACAF
23x15px Zimbabwe (1982—)
23x15px Rhodesia (1970)
63 21 16 26 63 80 79 CAF
Template:Country data KEN 64 21 15 28 71 87 78 CAF
23x15px Cuba 66 20 18 28 84 101 78 CONCACAF
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina 48 23 8 17 88 56 77 UEFA
23x15px Togo 61 21 14 26 68 82 77 CAF
23x15px Burkina Faso (1990—)
23x15px Upper Volta (1978)
53 23 7 23 76 73 76 CAF
23x15px Slovenia 52 21 12 19 69 61 75 UEFA
23x15px East Germany 47 22 8 17 87 65 74 Defunct
23x15px Thailand 73 20 14 39 96 126 74 AFC
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Indonesia
71 19 16 36 87 143 73 AFC
23x15px Suriname (1978—)
23x15px Dutch Guyana (1962–1974)
63 19 14 30 90 107 71 CONCACAF
Template:Country data HKG 65 19 12 34 78 123 69 AFC
23x15px Congo 54 19 11 24 59 67 68 CAF
23x15px Fiji 46 19 9 18 104 84 66 OFC
23x15px Libya 49 18 12 19 55 52 66 CAF
23x15px Gabon 49 19 8 22 54 57 65 CAF
23x15px Latvia 65 17 14 34 75 112 65 UEFA
23x15px Sudan 62 15 17 30 56 98 62 CAF
23x15px Lithuania 63 16 13 34 52 91 61 UEFA
23x15px Lebanon 48 16 12 20 75 71 60 AFC
23x15px Solomon Islands 44 17 8 19 101 95 59 OFC
23x15px Malaysia 51 15 13 23 66 81 58 AFC
23x15px Singapore 60 16 9 35 65 112 57 AFC
23x15px Malawi 57 13 17 27 56 82 56 CAF
23x15px Albania 94 14 13 67 62 175 55 UEFA
23x15px Liberia 55 14 11 30 37 82 53 CAF
23x15px New Caledonia 27 16 4 7 74 28 52 OFC
23x15px Curaçao (2014—)
23x15px Netherlands Antilles (1962–2010)
23x15px Curaçao (1958)
54 12 15 27 48 110 51 CONCACAF
23x15px Tahiti 36 14 6 16 52 74 48 OFC
23x15px Estonia 66 13 9 44 52 147 48 UEFA
23x15px Cyprus 104 12 12 80 78 281 48 UEFA
23x15px Bermuda 32 13 8 11 68 45 47 CONCACAF
23x15px Mali 32 13 7 12 46 41 46 CAF
23x15px Belarus 48 12 10 26 55 76 46 UEFA
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 48 13 6 29 62 128 45 CONCACAF
Template:Country data KAZ 50 12 8 30 65 102 44 UEFA
23x15px Turkmenistan 32 13 4 15 54 48 43 AFC
23x15px Ethiopia 41 11 10 20 48 64 43 CAF
23x15px Macedonia 50 11 10 29 56 87 43 UEFA
23x15px Benin (1986—)
23x15px Dahomey (1974)
42 12 7 23 44 86 43 CAF
23x15px Tajikistan 28 12 5 11 54 35 41 AFC
23x15px Madagascar 33 11 7 15 38 44 40 CAF
23x15px Yemen (1994—)
23x15px North Yemen (1986–1990)
40 10 10 20 47 62 40 AFC
23x15px Uganda 34 11 6 17 34 55 39 CAF
23x15px Sierra Leone 43 10 9 24 37 67 39 CAF
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda 38 11 5 22 60 87 38 CONCACAF
23x15px Georgia 46 9 11 26 43 75 38 UEFA
23x15px Armenia 52 8 13 31 42 96 37 UEFA
23x15px Vanuatu 34 11 3 20 73 81 36 OFC
23x15px Dominican Republic 27 10 5 12 41 45 35 CONCACAF
23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis 26 9 7 10 49 44 34 CONCACAF
Template:Country data IND 33 8 10 15 36 69 34 AFC
23x15px Cape Verde 26 10 3 13 28 33 33 CAF
23x15px Namibia 39 8 8 23 34 79 32 CAF
23x15px Tanzania 33 7 10 16 34 45 31 CAF
23x15px Bangladesh 40 9 4 27 31 90 31 AFC
23x15px Rwanda 35 7 9 19 30 51 30 CAF
23x15px Mozambique 32 7 8 17 29 49 29 CAF
23x15px Barbados 33 8 4 21 29 69 28 CONCACAF
Template:Country data KGZ 23 8 2 13 28 41 26 AFC
23x15px Botswana 30 7 5 18 26 48 26 CAF
23x15px Vietnam 32 8 2 22 35 68 26 AFC
23x15px Niger 26 7 4 15 21 45 25 CAF
23x15px Guyana 32 7 4 21 30 75 25 CONCACAF
23x15px Moldova 48 5 10 33 31 92 25 UEFA
23x15px Azerbaijan 48 4 13 31 19 85 25 UEFA
23x15px Montenegro 20 5 9 6 27 31 24 UEFA
23x15px Gambia 22 6 5 11 18 33 23 CAF
23x15px Samoa (2002—)
23x15px Western Samoa (1998)
20 7 1 12 31 66 22 OFC
23x15px Tonga 19 7 1 11 22 74 22 OFC
23x15px Grenada 21 6 3 12 46 47 21 CONCACAF
23x15px Palestine 18 5 4 9 24 31 19 AFC
23x15px Saint Lucia 22 6 1 15 28 57 19 CONCACAF
23x15px Faroe Islands 60 5 4 51 30 168 19 UEFA
23x15px Chinese Taipei 50 5 4 41 28 180 19 AFC
23x15px Luxembourg 124 4 7 113 61 407 19 UEFA
23x15px Burundi 16 5 3 8 12 20 18 CAF
23x15px Belize 20 5 3 12 25 48 18 CONCACAF
23x15px Puerto Rico 23 4 6 13 21 53 18 CONCACAF
23x15px Maldives 24 5 2 17 28 100 17 AFC
23x15px Papua New Guinea 13 4 3 6 24 23 15 OFC
23x15px Bahamas 12 4 3 5 20 35 15 CONCACAF
23x15px Sri Lanka[n 2] 29 3 6 20 20 72 15 AFC
File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal 28 4 3 21 23 98 15 AFC
23x15px Malta 92 2 9 81 30 275 15 UEFA
23x15px Chad 12 4 1 7 12 17 13 CAF
23x15px Lesotho 22 2 6 14 13 50 12 CAF
23x15px Liechtenstein 50 2 6 42 22 146 12 UEFA
23x15px Equatorial Guinea 18 3 2 13 16 34 11 CAF
23x15px Macau 33 3 1 29 14 161 10 AFC
23x15px Swaziland 15 2 3 10 7 36 9 CAF
23x15px Dominica 16 2 3 11 12 46 9 CONCACAF
23x15px Laos 18 2 2 14 17 95 8 AFC
23x15px Aruba 12 2 1 9 18 37 7 CONCACAF
23x15px Nicaragua 16 2 1 13 10 39 7 CONCACAF
23x15px Guinea-Bissau 10 1 3 6 6 15 6 CAF
23x15px U.S. Virgin Islands 13 2 0 11 7 76 6 CONCACAF
23x15px Mauritania 14 1 2 11 7 33 5 CAF
23x15px Mauritius 16 1 2 13 12 44 5 CAF
23x15px Philippines 13 1 2 10 8 45 5 AFC
23x15px Cambodia 16 1 2 13 11 62 5 AFC
23x15px Andorra 42 1 2 39 12 139 5 UEFA
23x15px Saar 4 1 1 2 4 8 4 Defunct
23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe 6 1 1 4 3 19 4 CAF
23x15px Mongolia 12 1 1 10 5 46 4 AFC
23x15px Djibouti 11 1 1 9 5 48 4 CAF
23x15px Cook Islands 17 1 1 15 12 61 4 OFC
23x15px American Samoa 15 1 1 13 5 132 4 OFC
23x15px South Vietnam 3 1 0 2 1 5 3 Defunct
23x15px Eritrea 6 0 3 3 2 11 3 CAF
23x15px Central African Republic 8 1 0 7 6 16 3 CAF
23x15px Myanmar[n 3] 6 1 0 5 2 17 3 AFC
23x15px Somalia 9 0 3 6 1 20 3 CAF
23x15px Cayman Islands 14 0 3 11 5 34 3 CONCACAF
23x15px Turks and Caicos Islands 8 1 0 7 2 34 3 CONCACAF
23x15px Pakistan 28 0 3 25 11 115 3 AFC
23x15px British Virgin Islands 8 0 2 6 5 31 2 CONCACAF
23x15px Seychelles 12 0 2 10 6 33 2 CAF
23x15px San Marino 56 0 2 54 9 259 2 UEFA
23x15px South Yemen 2 0 1 1 4 7 1 Defunct
23x15px Afghanistan 6 0 1 5 2 21 1 AFC
23x15px Tuvalu 4 0 1 3 2 22 1 OFC
23x15px Anguilla 8 0 1 7 2 33 1 CONCACAF
23x15px Comoros 4 0 0 4 3 15 0 CAF
23x15px Timor-Leste 4 0 0 4 4 18 0 AFC
23x15px Guam 2 0 0 2 0 35 0 AFC
23x15px Montserrat 7 0 0 7 5 41 0 CONCACAF
23x15px Brunei 12 0 0 12 2 57 0 AFC
23x15px Bhutan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 AFC
23x15px South Sudan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CAF

Last updated: 16th June 2014

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b Egypt and Syria formed a joint association in 1960 and entered the preliminary competition for World Cup 1962 as a joint team called United Arab Republic, but withdrew before playing any game. Later, Egypt entered the preliminary rounds for World Cup 1966 under the name of United Arab Republic, but withdrew yet again before playing.
  2. ^ Sri Lanka entered the preliminary competition for World Cup 1974 as Ceylon, but withdrew before playing any game.
  3. ^ Myanmar entered the preliminary competition for World Cup 1950 as Burma, but withdrew before playing any game.

Top scorers in preliminary competition 1934–2014

Players in bold are still active.

Rank Nation Player Goals Games played Goal ratio Qualification tournaments
1 Template:Country data IRN Ali Daei 35 51 0.69 1994 (7 goals), 1998 (9), 2002 (10), 2006 (9)
2 23x15px Carlos Ruiz 30 37 0.81 2002 (8 goals), 2006 (10), 2010 (6), 2014 (6)
3 Template:Country data IRN Karim Bagheri 28 29 0.97 1998 (19 goals), 2002 (8), 2010 (1)
4 Template:Country data JPN Kazu Miura 27 25 1.08 1994 (13 goals), 1998 (14)
5 23x15px Andriy Shevchenko 26 40 0.65 1998 (4 goals), 2002 (10), 2006 (6), 2010 (6)
6
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Honduras
Carlos Pavón 25 37 0.68 1998 (2 goals), 2002 (15), 2006 (1), 2010 (7)
7 23x15px Jared Borgetti 23 24 0.96 2002 (6 goals), 2006 (14), 2010 (3)
8 23x15px Paulo Wanchope 21 37 0.57 1998 (6 goals), 2002 (7), 2006 (8)
9 23x15px Stern John 20 45 0.44 1998 (3 goals), 2002 (3), 2006 (12), 2010 (2)
10 23x15px Archie Thompson 20 15 1.33 2002 (16 goals), 2006 (2), 2014 (2)
11 23x15px Vaughan Coveny 19 19 1.00 1998 (4 goals), 2002 (9), 2006 (6)
12
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Haiti
Emmanuel Sanon 19 20 0.95 1974 (11 goals), 1978 (8)
13 23x15px Edin Džeko 19 22 0.86 2010 (9 goals), 2014 (10)
14 23x15px Pauleta 19 24 0.79 2002 (8 goals), 2006 (11)
15 23x15px Zlatan Ibrahimović 19 29 0.66 2002 (1 goal), 2006 (8), 2010 (2), 2014 (8)
16 23x15px Hernán Crespo 19 33 0.58 1998 (3 goals), 2002 (9), 2006 (7)
17 23x15px Didier Drogba 18 19 0.95 2006 (9 goals), 2010 (6), 2014 (3)
18 23x15px Moumouni Dagano 18 24 0.75 2002 (1 goal), 2006 (5), 2010 (12)
19 23x15px Samuel Eto'o 18 29 0.62 2002 (3 goals), 2006 (4), 2010 (9), 2014 (2)
20 23x15px Raúl Díaz Arce 18 29 0.62 1994 (2 goals), 1998 (9), 2002 (7)
21 23x15px Marcelo Salas 18 32 0.56 1998 (11 goals), 2002 (4), 2006 (1), 2010 (2)
22
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland
Robbie Keane 18 37 0.49 2002 (2 goals), 2006 (4), 2010 (6), 2014 (6)
23 23x15px Cristiano Ronaldo 15 43 0.35 2006 (7 goals), 2010 (0), 2014 (8)

(update of FIFA World Cup 2014 qualifiers in progress, last update: 18 May 2014)

Current format

Currently, 32 places are available in the final tournament. One of them is reserved for the host nation, but if two or more nations host the competition jointly, each is awarded a place. From 1934 to 2002, one berth was reserved for the winners of the previous World Cup. In November 2001, FIFA announced that the defending champion would no longer get automatic entry to the subsequent tournament, starting with the 2006 finals. This decision was made to address the issue of the returning champions being at a disadvantage to their fellow competitors due to having not played a competitive match in the previous two years.[3] The problem was amply demonstrated at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, as returning champions France tumbled out in the first round, finishing bottom of their group without scoring a single goal. 2002 winner Brazil qualified for 2006 at the top of their qualifiers group. However, Italy, defending champions from 2006, finished bottom of their group in 2010, despite playing in the qualifying matches. At Brazil 2014, 2010 champions Spain finished third in their group and failed to advance to the Round of 16, despite having qualified first of their group.

FIFA decides beforehand the number of spots awarded to each of the continental zones. For the 2014 World Cup, the following numbers are being used:[4]

  • UEFA (Europe) – 13 berths
  • CAF (Africa) – 5 berths
  • AFC (Asia) – 4 berths
  • CONMEBOL (South America) – 4 berths, plus the host Brazil
  • CONCACAF (North and Central America and Caribbean) – 3 berths
  • 2 berths for the winners of play-offs between the best team from the OFC (Oceania), as well as additional teams from the AFC, CONMEBOL and CONCACAF. The pairings for these play-offs will be determined by an open draw.

The number of berths allocated per continent is widely debated, with the main point of contention being the extent to which berths should be allocated to regions based on sheer population vs. talent. A historically weaker continent, Africa has called for more places, as they are allocated only 5 in comparison to Europe's 13.[5]

These numbers vary slightly between tournaments (see above).

Qualification in all zones ends at approximately the same time, in September–November of the year preceding the finals.

The formats of the qualification tournaments differ between confederations and over time. The systems being used in 2014 are outlined below.

Africa

The CAF qualification process began with a preliminary round (to narrow the field of 52 entrants to 40 teams) in November 2011. Mauritania was the only team not to enter the qualifying draw.

The group stage consisted of 10 groups of 4, with the group winners advancing. The final stage will pair the 10 remaining teams in 5 knock-out ties, with the winners advancing to the World Cup finals.

Asia

Bhutan and Guam did not enter the AFC qualification process, while Brunei were suspended and therefore ineligible.

Qualifying has only been altered slightly from the 2010 method, with changes to the structure of the preliminary rounds – which were held before the main draw. As with the 2010 qualifying, two knock-out preliminary rounds reduced the 43 entrants to 20, followed by a first group stage with the top two sides from 5 groups of 4 advancing to a final group stage. The winners and runners-up of the two final groups of 5 advanced to the World Cup finals with the two third-placed sides, Jordan and Uzbekistan, playing off for the right to play in an inter-confederation play-off for a final World Cup spot.

Europe

The European qualification is unchanged from the 2010 system. The 53 national teams were divided into nine groups, with the group winners qualifying directly to the finals, and the best eight runners-up playing home-and-away ties for the remaining four places.[6]

North and Central America and Caribbean

The CONCACAF qualification process has changed significantly from the 2010 qualification cycle. A single preliminary round involved the 10 lowest ranked teams, reducing the 35 entrants to 30. The six highest ranked sides received byes in the first group stage, while the remaining 24 teams played in six groups of four, with the winners advancing to a second group stage. As in 2006 and 2010, the remaining 12 teams are playing in 3 semifinal groups of 4 teams with the top two in each group advancing to a final 6-team group.

The final round – often referred to as "the hexagonal" because of the number of teams involved – will see the top three teams advance to the World Cup finals, while the fourth placed side will enter an inter-confederation play-off for a final World Cup spot.

Oceania

Qualification in Oceania was held as part of two further competitions. The first stage took place at the 2011 Pacific Games, with the top 3 eligible teams advancing to a final round group stage with New Zealand. The winner of the final group stage (which also acted as the 2012 OFC Nations Cup) will enter an inter-confederation play-off for a World Cup spot.

South America

As in recent qualification series CONMEBOL qualification consists of a single group of all entrants not automatically qualified for the finals. Brazil, as hosts of the 2014 finals, qualified automatically and are not competing in qualifying.

The top 4 teams from the 9 teams group will advance to the World Cup finals, while the fifth placed team will enter an inter-confederation play-off for a World Cup spot.

Intercontinental play-offs

Unlike previous tournaments, the pairings for the two play-offs were determined by an open draw on 30 July 2011, a day prior to the main draw. Intercontinental play-offs are played as home-and-away ties.

Qualification tournament rules

Qualification tournaments generally consist of a number of stages, made up of groups or knock-out ties.

Groups

In all group tournaments, three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw, and none for a loss. FIFA has set the order of the tie-breakers for teams that finish level on points:

  1. goal difference in all group matches
  2. greater number of goals scored in all group matches

Where teams are still not able to be separated, the following tie-breakers are used:

  1. greater number of points obtained in matches between the tied teams
  2. goal difference in matches between the tied teams
  3. greater number of goals scored in matches between the tied teams

Where teams are still equal, then a play-off on neutral ground, with extra time and penalties if necessary will be played if FIFA deems such a play-off able to be fitted within the coordinated international match calendar. If this is not deemed feasible, then the result will be determined by the drawing of lot.

Note that this order of tie-breaker application has not always been applied. While it was used in the 2010 qualifiers, the qualification for the 2006 World Cup used the head-to-head comparison prior to goal difference (although this system was – where applicable – used in the 2006 finals themselves). If these rules had applied in 2006, then Nigeria would have qualified rather than Angola.

Home-and-away ties

Most knock-out qualifiers (such as the inter-confederation play-offs, the second round of UEFA qualifying and many preliminary ties) are played over two legs. The team that scores a greater aggregate number of goals qualifies. Away goals rule applies. If these rules fail to determine the winner, extra time and penalty shootouts are used.

Occasionally – usually when one entrant lacks adequate facilities to host international matches – ties are played over a single leg, in which case matches level after 90 minutes will go to extra time and then to a penalty shootout if required.

Alternatively, "home" matches can be played in neutral countries, or occasionally one team will host both matches. In the latter case the visiting team will still be considered as the "home" team for one of the legs – which may determine which side advances under the away goals rule, as occurred in CONCACAF qualification in 2010.

See also

References

External links