Federal lands are lands in the United States for which ownership is claimed by the U.S. federal government, pursuant to Article Four, section 3, clause 2 of the United States Constitution. As of March 2012, out of the 2.27 billion acres in the country, about 28% of the total was owned by the Federal government according to the Interior Department. The United States Supreme Court has upheld the broad powers of the federal government to deal with federal lands, for example having unanimously held in Kleppe v. New Mexico that "the complete power that Congress has over federal lands under this clause necessarily includes the power to regulate and protect wildlife living there, state law notwithstanding."
Primary federal land holders
- Department of the Interior
Laws regarding federal lands
- Three Kids Mine Remediation and Reclamation Act (H.R. 697; 113th Congress) - a bill that would authorize the sale of approximately 950 acres of federal land to the city of Henderson, Nevada. The land used to be a mine and now needs significant environmental remediation and reclamation.
- North Fork Watershed Protection Act of 2013 (H.R. 2259; 113th Congress) - a bill that would withdraw 430,000 acres of federal lands in Montana from programs to develop geothermal and mineral resources. The law would forbid mountaintop removal mining and other natural resource development. The affected lands lie adjacent to Glacier National Park and already have some protections. The bill follows up on an agreement between Canada and the United States on how to protect the trans-border area from the effects of mining. In the 2010 agreement, Canada agreed not to do any additional mining on the British Columbian Flathead with the expectation that Montana would do the same thing to its land.
- Crown Estate
- Article Four of the United States Constitution#Clause 2: Federal property and the Territorial Clause
- Paul Rodgers, United States Constitutional Law: An Introduction (2011), p. 100-101.
- Lipton, Eric, and Clifford Krauss, "Giving Reins to the States Over Drilling", New York Times, August 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-26.
- Kleppe v. New Mexico, 426 U.S. 529 (1976).
- "H.R. 697 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "CBO - H.R. 697". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "CBO - H.R. 2259". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- Scott, Tristan (30 March 2013). "Daines to introduce legislation protecting North Fork Flathead". Missoulian. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Frye, Katrin (31 January 2014). "A major step towards protection of the North Fork Flathead River". Montana Public Radio. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Buffer' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Buffer' not found.