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Felixstowe F5L

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This page is a soft redirect.Curtiss F5L patrol plane at Pensacola
Naval Air Station
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Felixstowe F5L
Role

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This page is a soft redirect. Military flying boat #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Manufacturer

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This page is a soft redirect. Naval Aircraft Factory (137)
Curtiss Aircraft (60)
Canadian Aeroplanes Limited (30) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Designer

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This page is a soft redirect. John Cyril Porte #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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First flight

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This page is a soft redirect. 1918 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Introduction

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This page is a soft redirect. 1918 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Primary users

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This page is a soft redirect. United States Navy
Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company (Aeromarine 75) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Number built

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This page is a soft redirect. 227 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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Developed from

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This page is a soft redirect. Felixstowe F.5 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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File:Felixstowe F5L under construction at the Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia, circa 1920.jpg
F5L under construction at the Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia c.1920.

The twin-engine F5L was one of the Felixstowe F series of flying boats developed by John Cyril Porte at the Seaplane Experimental Station, Felixstowe, England during the First World War for production in America.

A civilian version of the aircraft was known as the Aeromarine 75.

Design and development

Porte had taken the Curtiss H.12, an original design by the American Glenn Curtiss and developed them into a practical series of flying boats at the Felixstowe station. They then took their F.5 model and further redesigned it with better streamlining, a stronger hull using veneer instead of doped linen and U.S.-built 330 hp (later 400 hp) Liberty 12A engines. The prototype was built and tested in England and the design then taken over by the Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia, where further modifications were made to suit their production methods under wartime conditions.[1] The American-built version was also known as the Curtiss F5L and (in civilian operation) as the Aeromarine 75.

The F5L was built by the Naval Aircraft Factory (137), Curtiss (60) and Canadian Aeroplanes Limited (30). Some were converted for civilian use by the Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company in 1919.

Operational history

File:F5L-flyingboats.jpg
Arrival at Guantanamo from Panama

The F5L entered USN service at the end of the war and was the U.S. Navy’s standard patrol aircraft until 1928, when it was replaced by the PN-12. In civil service, named the Aeromarine 75, the Felixstowe F5L could accommodate 10 passengers and was operated by Aeromarine Airways on flights from Key West to Havana, carrying the first U.S. Post Office international air mail on flights from New York City to Atlantic City, and from Cleveland to Detroit.

Accidents and incidents

File:Seaplane in flight.jpg
Aeromarine 75 Columbus on regular flights in the Caribbean.

On 13 January 1923, the Aeromarine Airways Aeromarine 75 Columbus suffered engine failure during a flight from Key West to Havana and landed in the Florida Strait. Buffeted by 10-to-15-foot (3-to-4.5-meter) waves, its hull began to fill with water. Four passengers died, but the ferry ship H. M. Flagler saved the other three passengers and both crew members.[2]

Operators

23x15px Argentina
23x15px United States

Survivors

Both a hull and float from a US Navy F5L have been preserved at the National Air and Space Museum (Smithsonian). The hull is only partially skinned with wood to reveal structure. Both artifacts are presently in storage and not available for public display.[3][4]

Specifications

Data from Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum[3]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 12-14 passengers
  • Length: 49 ft 4 in (15.04 m)
  • Wingspan: 103 ft 9 in (31.62 m)
  • Height: 18 ft 9 in (5.72 m)
  • Wing area: 1,397 sq. ft (129.8 m²)
  • Empty weight: 8,720 lb (3,955 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 14,334 lb (6,508 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Liberty L-12A V-12 water-cooled piston engines, 400 hp (kW) each

Performance

See also

Related development

References

Notes
  1. ^ "USA Navy F-5-L Flying Boat." Flight, 31 July 1919, pp. 1024–1026.
  2. ^ Aviation Safety Network: Accident Description
  3. ^ a b "Felixstowe (NAF) F-5-L (hull only)." Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (Smithsonian). Retrieved: 4 February 2011.
  4. ^ "Float, Felixstowe F5L." Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (Smithsonian). Retrieved: 4 February 2011.
Bibliography
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External links