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Fiat Campagnola

"Campagnola" redirects here. For the Italian municipality, see Campagnola Emilia.
Fiat Campagnola
File:Fiat Campagnola Mk1.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Zastava AR51/AR55
Production 1951-1973
Dimensions
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The Fiat Campagnola is a heavy-duty off-road vehicle produced by Fiat. Production started in 1951 and it was upgraded in 1974.

Since 1975 it has been delivered to every Italian armed service in many versions with standard or long wheelbase and canvas or hard top.

Fiat 1101 "Campagnola" (1951-73)

Engines

Model Engine Displacement Power Fuelsystem
1101 inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 53-63 hp single carburetor
1102 inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 40-47 hp diesel
1102C inline-four ohv 1,895 cc 47 hp diesel

Fiat 1107 "Nuova Campagnola" (1974-87)

Fiat Nuova Campagnola
File:Popemobile assassination attempt John Paul II 13 may 1981 Vatican 13.jpg
Fiat Campagnola as Popemobile in which Pope John Paul II was victim of the assassination attempt. This vehicle is now in the "Carriage museum" of the Vatican City.
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Renault TRM500[1]
Production 1974-1987
Dimensions
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The Campagnola was redesigned for launch in June 1974[2] and in this form produced until 1987.

The new vehicle used the petrol engine of the Fiat 132, but with a longer stroke which increased the capacity to 1,995 cc.[2] - the same enlarged engine turned up in the Fiat 132 itself two years later, albeit with twin overhead camshafts. There was a light alloy cylinder head: instead of the twin overhead camshafts of the 132, the engine in the Campagnola had a single side-mounted camshaft driven by a toothed belt, the valve movement being driven by pushrods and rockers. The large square engine compartment gave easy access to the engine bay which was designed to permit "wading" up to 70 cm deep.[2]

The 57 litre fuel tank was positioned well out of range from rocks and flying stones, being under the twin passenger seat beside the driver.[2]

MacPherson struts suspended all four wheels, with two struts for each of the rear wheels and a single strut for each of the front wheels.[2] All six struts used were of identical specification and thereby interchangeable.[2] Road testers from the UK commended the smoothness of the ride over rough ground which evidently compared very favourably with that offered by the Land Rover of the time.[2]

A military version was introduced in 1976 (AR76) and 1979 after new updated it was called AR76.

Engines

Model Engine Displacement Power Fuelsystem
1107 inline-four ohv 1,995 cc 80 hp single carburetor
1107 D inline-four SOHC 1,995 cc 60 hp diesel
1107 D inline-four SOHC 2,445 cc 72 hp diesel

Others

The “Campagnola” of the Distaccamento Aeroportuale di Ronchi dei Legionari is in the standard wheelbase hard top version. The vehicle is Script error: No such module "convert". long, Script error: No such module "convert". wide and Script error: No such module "convert". high. The wheeltrack is Script error: No such module "convert". and the wheelbase is Script error: No such module "convert".. The minimum ground clearance is Script error: No such module "convert"..

The powerplant is a Fiat 4-cyl gasoline engine developing Script error: No such module "convert". at 4600 rpm through a 4X4 transmission. The suspension system is independent on all four wheels.

Basic performance data include a Script error: No such module "convert". maximum speed, a 56° gradeability (150%) and a maximum fording depth of Script error: No such module "convert"..

The “Campagnola” is used as an Incident Command post during the first phases of the emergency. It carries loudspeakers and other command and control equipment. Some light rescue equipment is carried in the back, including a rescue saw, an oxygen cutting torch and other ancillary equipment.

Renault derivative

In 1976 the French army was about to replaced its Jeeps and several prototype series were made: Peugeot proposed the P4, an adaptation of the Mercedes G-Wagen, powered by the gasoline engine of Peugeot 504. Citroën offered its own version of the Volkswagen Iltis, using the CX Athena engine and renamed as C44. The Renault Campagnola TRM500 was derivative of Fiat Campagnola and used engine of Renault R20. Finally the Peugeot P4 was chosen as new army jeep.[3]

Zastava

The Campagnola was also license-built by Zastava Trucks, in Yugoslavia.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Campagnola Renault TRM500 History". Campagnola.org. Retrieved 2011-01-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "New Cross-country Vehicle from Fiat". Autocar. 141 (nbr 4053): Page 30. 22 June 1974. 
  3. ^ "CAMPAGNOLA RENAULT TRM500". campagnola.org. Retrieved 2011-01-22.