Flag of Turkmenistan
|Variant flag of Turkmenistan|
The most detailed national flag in the world, it features a green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to those on the flag of the United Nations; a white waxing crescent moon, typical of Turkic and Islamic symbology, and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe.
The green and red colors appear in this flag because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (welayatlar) of Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, and Mary.
The five traditional carpet designs along the hoist represent the five major tribes or houses, and form motifs in the country's state emblem and flag. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order (as well as top to bottom) are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Saryk (Saryq), Chowdur (Choudur), and Arsary (Ersary). The middle design may also represent the Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period.
The wreath is one of the odder parts of the flag, added against the rules of heraldry and breaking up the carpet pattern. It was added as an afterthought to represent the "status of permanent neutrality," which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 12, 1995.
Before independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan had a flag similar to all other Soviet Republics; see Flag of the Turkmen SSR. After independence in 1991, Turkmenistan adopted a flag very similar to the current design, on February 19, 1992. However, the designs on the left were different. In 1997, an olive branch was added to symbolize the peace-loving nature of the Turkmen people. This version is now the current version.
- Flag of Turkmen SSR.svg
The flag of the Turkmen SSR was used from independence in 1991 until the new flag was adopted in 1992.
- Flag of Turkmenistan (1992-1997).svg
Flag used from 1992 to 1997
- Flag of Turkmenistan (1997-2001).svg
Flag used from 1997 to 2001
- Flag of the Turkmenistan Ground Forces.svg
Flag of the Ground Forces
- Flag of the Turkmenistan Air Forces.svg
Flag of the Air Forces
- Flag of the Turkmenistan Naval Forces.svg
Flag of the Naval Forces
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