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Floxuridine (also 5-fluorodeoxyuridine) is an oncology drug that belongs to the class known as antimetabolites. The drug is most often used in the treatment of colorectal cancer.
Floxuridine, an analog of 5-fluorouracil, is a fluorinated pyrimidine.
Mechanism of action
Floxuridine works because it is broken down by the body into its active form, which is the same as a metabolite of 5-Fluorouracil.
Floxuridine first gained FDA approval in December 1970 under the brand name FUDR. The drug was initially marketed by Roche, which also did a lot of the initial work on 5-fluorouracil. The National Cancer Institute was an early developer of the drug. Roche sold its FUDR product line in 2001 to F H Faulding, which became Mayne Pharma.
In the US the drug is supplied by APP Pharmaceuticals, LLC; Hospira, Inc.; and Bedford Laboratories.