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Football at the Summer Olympics

Association Football at the Summer Olympics
Founded 1900
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 16 (from 6 confederations)
Current champions 23x15px Mexico M
(1st title)
23x15px United States W
(4th title)
Most successful team(s) 23x15px Hungary M
(3 titles)
23x15px United States W
(4 titles)
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Football at the Summer Olympics
File:Football pictogram.svg

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Governing body FIFA
Events 2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games
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1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992

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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932 as a men's competition sport. Women's football was added to the official program in 1996.

Early history

Football was not included on the program at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896, as international football was in its infancy at the time. However, sources claim that an unofficial football tournament was organized during the first competition, in which an Athens XI lost to a team representing Smyrna (Izmir), then part of the Ottoman Empire.[1] However, it is in fact unclear whether any competition took place at all; the Olympic historian Bill Mallon has written: "Supposedly a match between a Greek club and a Danish club took place. No such 1896 source supports this and we think this is an error which has been perpetuated in multiple texts. No such match occurred."[2]

Tournaments were played at the 1900 and 1904 games and the Intercalated Games of 1906, but these were contested by various clubs and scratch teams. Although the IOC considers the 1900 and 1904 tournaments to be official Olympic events, they are not recognized by FIFA; neither recognizes the Intercalated Games today. In 1906 teams from Great Britain, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and France withdrew from an unofficial competition and left Denmark, Smyrna (one Armenian, two Frenchmen and eight Britons), Athens and Thessaloniki to compete. Denmark won the final against Athens 9–0.

British successes

In the London Games of 1908 a proper international tournament was organised by the Football Association, featuring just six teams. The number of teams rose to eleven in 1912, when the competition was organised by the Swedish Football Association. Many of these early matches were unbalanced, as evidenced by high scoring games; two players, Sophus Nielsen in 1908 and Gottfried Fuchs in 1912, each scored ten goals in a single match. All players were amateurs, in accordance with the Olympic spirit, which meant that some countries could not send their full international team. The National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Ireland asked the Football Association to send an English national amateur team. Some of the English members played with professional clubs, most notably Derby County's Ivan Sharpe, Bradford City F.C. Harold Walden and Chelsea's Vivian Woodward. England won the first two official tournaments convincingly, beating Denmark both times.

1920s and the rise of Uruguay

During the 1920 final, the Czechoslovakia national football team walked from the field of play in order to raise awareness of their displeasure regarding the refereeing of John Lewis and the militarised mood within the stadium in Antwerp. In the 1924 and 1928 Olympic games, the first South American teams entered the competition: Uruguay and Argentina. Uruguay won both Olympics and FIFA became conscious that the Olympic movement was not only hindering the ability of nations to participate on an equal footing but, given that the Olympics only permitted amateurs to participate, did not represent the true strength of the international game.

Olympics after the first World Cup

Following Henri Delaunay's proposal in 1929 to initiate a professional World Championship of Football, the sport was dropped from the 1932 Los Angeles Games in an attempt to promote the growing sport of American football in the United States. Football returned to controversy at the 1936 Berlin Games. The German organisers were intent on the return of the game to the Olympic movement since it guaranteed income into the organisation's coffers. The Italian team intimidated a referee. Peru scored a contested victory over Austria in overtime, with a fan invasion of the field at the very end. The Austrian team asked for the result to be annulled, and the game repeated; FIFA agreed, the Peruvian team refused and left the Olympics.[3][4]

As professionalism spread around the world, the gap in quality between the World Cup and the Olympics widened. The countries that benefited most were the Soviet Bloc countries of Eastern Europe, where top athletes were state-sponsored while retaining their status as amateurs. Between 1948 and 1980, 23 out of 27 Olympic medals were won by Eastern Europe, with only Sweden (gold in 1948 and bronze in 1952), Denmark (silver in 1960) and Japan (bronze in 1968) breaking their dominance.

Changes and developments

For the 1984 Los Angeles Games, the IOC decided to admit professional players. FIFA still did not want the Olympics to rival the World Cup, so a compromise was struck that allowed teams from Africa, Asia, Oceania and CONCACAF to field their strongest professional sides, while restricting UEFA and CONMEBOL teams to players who had not played in a World Cup. Many countries fielded young teams, including France, who won the 1984 Olympic title, coincidentally in the same year that the main team won the European Football Championship, less than two months before.

Since 1992 male competitors must be under 23 years old, then since 1996 23 years old players with three over-23 players allowed per squad. The new format allows teams from around the world to compete equally, and African countries have taken particular advantage of this, with Nigeria and Cameroon winning in 1996 and 2000 respectively.

Because of the unusual format, several of the historically strongest footballing countries have unimpressive Olympic records. The Netherlands won bronze in the first three tournaments, but did not reach the finals between 1952 and 2008. Uruguay won the tournament in their first two attempts, in 1924 and 1928, their only appearances before they qualified for London 2012. Argentina won silver twice before the 2004 Athens Games, but its appearance in Athens, in which it won the first gold medal (the second was won in Beijing in 2008), was only their sixth overall. Brazil's silver medals in the 1984, 1988 and 2012 are the best they have achieved, and the men's team failed to qualify in 1992 and 2004. Hungary won three gold medals, in 1952, 1964 and 1968, but has not returned to the finals since 1996. Italy has only won the Olympic title once, in 1936, although it has also won two bronzes, and has the highest number of appearances in the tournament, at 15. Germany's best result was a single bronze medal, in the 1988 tournament (as West Germany), and the reunified team has yet to qualify for the Olympics.

British non-involvement

Football in the United Kingdom has no single governing body, and there are separate teams for the UK's four Home Nations: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Only the English Football Association (FA) is affiliated to the British Olympic Association (BOA), and the FA entered "Great Britain" teams to the football tournaments until 1972. In 1974, the FA abolished the distinction between "amateur" and "professional" football, and stopped entering the Olympics. Even though FIFA has allowed professionals at the Olympics since 1984, the FA did not re-enter, as the Home Nations feared that a united British Olympic team would set a precedent that might cause FIFA to question their separate status in other FIFA competitions and on the International Football Association Board.[5][6] When London was selected to host the 2012 Games, there was pressure on the English FA to exercise the host nation's automatic right to field a team.[7] In 2009 the plan agreed by the FA with the Welsh FA, Scottish FA and Irish FA was only to field English players;[8] however the BOA overruled this,[9] and ultimately there were Welsh players on both squads and Scots on the women's squad.[10][11] After the 2012 games, the FA decided that no team would be entered in subsequent men's tournaments, but was open to fielding a women's team again.[12]

Venues

Due to the number of large stadia required for the Olympic tournament, venues in distant cities – often more than Script error: No such module "convert". away from the main host – are typically used for the football tournament. In an extreme example, two early-round venues for the 1984 Games were on the East Coast of the United States, well over Script error: No such module "convert". from the host city of Los Angeles. The next Games held in the United States, the 1996 Games, were unique in that no matches were held in the host city of Atlanta; the nearest venue and the site of the finals was Script error: No such module "convert". away on the University of Georgia campus in Athens. Counting the 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympics, there are 120 venues that have hosted Olympic football, the most of any sport.

Edition of the Olympic Games City Stadium
23x15px Athens 1896 No football tournament
23x15px Paris 1900 Paris Vélodrome de Vincennes
23x15px Saint Louis 1904 St. Louis, Missouri Francis Field
23x15px London 1908 London White City Stadium
23x15px Stockholm 1912 Stockholm Stockholms Olympiastadion
Råsunda Stadium
Tranebergs Idrottsplats
23x15px Antwerp 1920 Antwerp Olympisch Stadion
Stadion Broodstraat
Brussels Stade de l’Union St. Gilloise
Ghent Stade d’A.A. La Gantoise
23x15px Paris 1924 Paris Stade Olympique, Colombes
Stade Bergeyre
Stade de Paris, Saint-Ouen
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
23x15px Amsterdam 1928 Amsterdam Olympisch Stadion
Harry Elte Stadium
23x15px Los Angeles 1932 No football tournament
23x15px Berlin 1936 Berlin Olympiastadion
Poststadion, Tiergarten
Mommsenstadion, Charlottenburg
Hertha-BSC-Platz
23x15px London 1948 London Empire Stadium, Wembley
White Hart Lane, Tottenham
Selhurst Park, Crystal Palace
Craven Cottage, Fulham
Griffin Park, Brentford
Arsenal Stadium, Highbury
Lynn Road Stadium, Ilford
Green Pond Road Stadium, Walthamstow
Champion Hill, Dulwich
Brighton Goldstone Ground
Portsmouth Fratton Park
23x15px Helsinki 1952 Helsinki Olympiastadion
Töölö Football Grounds
Turku Kupittaa Stadium
Tampere Ratina Stadion
Lahti Kisapuisto
Kotka Kotka Stadion
23x15px Melbourne 1956 Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
Olympic Park Stadium
23x15px Rome 1960 Rome Stadio Flaminio
Florence Stadio Comunale
Grosseto Stadio Comunale
Livorno Stadio Ardenza
Pescara Stadio Adriatico
L'Aquila Stadio Comunale
Naples Stadio Fuorigrotta
Template:Country data Japan Tokyo 1964 Tokyo National Olympic Stadium
Prince Chichibu Memorial Field
Komazawa Stadium
Ōmiya Omiya Soccer Stadium
Yokohama Mitsuzawa Football Stadium
23x15px Mexico City 1968 Mexico City Estadio Azteca
Puebla Estadio Cuauhtémoc
Guadalajara Estadio Jalisco
León Estadio León
23x15px Munich 1972 Munich Olympiastadion
Augsburg Rosenaustadion
Ingolstadt ESV-Stadion
Regensburg Jahnstadion
Nuremberg Frankenstadion
Passau Drei Flüsse Stadion
23x15px Montreal 1976 Montreal Olympic Stadium
Sherbrooke Municipal Stadium
Toronto Varsity Stadium
Ottawa Lansdowne Stadium
23x15px Moscow 1980 Moscow Lenin Stadium
Dynamo Stadium
Leningrad Kirov Stadium
Kiev Republican Stadium
Minsk Dinamo Stadium
23x15px Los Angeles 1984 Pasadena, California Rose Bowl
Boston, Massachusetts Harvard Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Stanford, California Stanford Stadium
Template:Country data South Korea Seoul 1988 Seoul Seoul Olympic Stadium
Dongdaemun Stadium
Busan Busan Stadium
Daegu Daegu Stadium
Daejeon Daejeon Stadium
Gwangju Gwangju Stadium
23x15px Barcelona 1992 Barcelona Camp Nou
Estadi de Sarrià
Sabadell Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta
Zaragoza Estadio La Romareda
Valencia Estadio Luis Casanova
23x15px Atlanta 1996 Athens, Georgia Sanford Stadium
Orlando, Florida Citrus Bowl
Birmingham, Alabama Legion Field
Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
Washington, D.C. Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
23x15px Sydney 2000 Sydney Olympic Stadium
Sydney Football Stadium
Brisbane Brisbane Cricket Ground
Adelaide Hindmarsh Stadium
Canberra Bruce Stadium
Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
23x15px Athens 2004 Athens Athens Olympic Stadium
Karaiskakis Stadium
Patras Pampeloponnisiako Stadium
Volos Panthessaliko Stadium
Thessaloniki Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Heraklion Pankritio Stadium
23x15px Beijing 2008 Beijing Beijing National Stadium
Workers Stadium
Tianjin Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
Shanghai Shanghai Stadium
Qinhuangdao Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium
Shenyang Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium
23x15px London 2012 London Wembley Stadium
Glasgow Hampden Park
Cardiff Millennium Stadium
Coventry City of Coventry Stadium*
Manchester Old Trafford
Newcastle upon Tyne St James' Park*
23x15px Rio de Janeiro 2016 Rio de Janeiro Maracanã
São Paulo Arena Corinthians
Brasília Estádio Nacional de Brasília
Salvador Estádio Fonte Nova
Belo Horizonte Mineirão
Manaus Arena da Amazônia
Template:Country data Japan Tokyo 2020 Tokyo National Olympic Stadium
Tokyo Stadium
Yokohama International Stadium Yokohama
Saitama Saitama Stadium
Sapporo Sapporo Dome
Rifu Miyagi Stadium

City of Coventry Stadium & St. James Park were normally called Ricoh Arena & Sports Direct Arena, but because of the IOC's rules disallowing corporate sponsorship for event sites, they were renamed for the duration of the games.

Events

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Men's event X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Women's event X X X X X 5

Participating nations

Men

(Note: Where applicable, numbers refer to the number of teams from each country)

Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
UEFA
22x20px Austria Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Belarus Y 1
22x20px Belgium Y Y Y Y Y 5
22x20px Bulgaria Y Y Y Y Y 5
22x20px Czech Republic Y 1
22x20px Czechoslovakia Y Y Y Y Y 5
22x20px Denmark Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
22x20px East Germany[13] Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Estonia Y 1
22x20px Finland Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px France Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 12
22x20px Germany[14] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
22x20px Great Britain Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
22x20px Greece Y Y Y 3
22x20px Hungary Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
22x20px Ireland Y Y 2
22x20px Israel Y Y 2
22x20px Italy Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 15
22x20px Latvia Y 1
22x20px Lithuania Y 1
22x20px Luxembourg Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
22x20px Netherlands Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8
22x20px Norway Y Y Y Y Y 5
22x20px Poland Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
22x20px Portugal Y Y Y 3
22x20px Romania Y Y Y 3
22x20px Russia Y 1
22x20px Serbia Y 1
22x20px Serbia and Montenegro Y 1
22x20px Slovakia Y 1
22x20px Soviet Union Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
22x20px Spain Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
22x20px Sweden Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
22x20px Switzerland Y Y Y 3
22x20px Turkey Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
22x20px Yugoslavia Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
CONMEBOL
22x20px Argentina Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
22x20px Brazil Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 12
22x20px Chile Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Colombia Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Paraguay Y Y 2
22x20px Peru Y Y 2
22x20px Uruguay Y Y Y 3
22x20px Venezuela Y 1
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
CONCACAF
22x20px Canada Y Y Y 3
22x20px Costa Rica Y Y Y 3
22x20px Cuba Y Y 2
22x20px El Salvador Y 1
22x20px Guatemala Y Y Y 3
22x20px Honduras Y Y Y 3
22x20px Mexico Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 10
22x20px Netherlands Antilles Y 1
22x20px United States Y[15] Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 14
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
CAF
22x20px Algeria Y 1
22x20px Cameroon Y Y Y 3
22x20px Egypt Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 11
22x20px Ivory Coast Y 1
22x20px Gabon Y 1
22x20px Ghana Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
22x20px Guinea Y 1
22x20px Mali Y 1
22x20px Morocco Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
22x20px Nigeria Y Y Y Y Y Y 6
22x20px Senegal Y 1
22x20px South Africa Y 1
22x20px Sudan Y 1
22x20px Tunisia Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Zambia Y Y 2
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
AFC
22x20px Afghanistan Y 1
22x20px Australia Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 7
22x20px China Y Y 2
22x20px Chinese Taipei Y Y Y 3
22x20px India Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Indonesia Y 1
22x20px Iran Y Y Y 3
22x20px Iraq Y Y Y Y 4
22x20px Japan Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
22x20px Kuwait Y Y Y 3
22x20px Malaysia Y 1
22x20px Myanmar Y 1
22x20px North Korea Y 1
22x20px Qatar Y Y 2
22x20px Saudi Arabia Y Y 2
22x20px South Korea Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 9
22x20px Syria Y 1
22x20px Thailand Y Y 2
22x20px United Arab Emirates Y 1
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
OFC
22x20px New Zealand Y Y 2
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
'Total nations 3 2 5 11 14 22 17 16 18 25 11 16 14 16 16 13 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

Women

Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 Years
22x20px Argentina = 11 1
22x20px Australia 7 5 2
22x20px Brazil 4 4 2 2 6 5
22x20px Cameroon 12 1
22x20px Canada 8 3 2
22x20px China 2 5 9 5 4
22x20px Colombia 11 1
22x20px Denmark 8 1
22x20px France 4 1
22x20px Germany 5 3 3 3 4
22x20px Great Britain 5 1
22x20px Greece 10 1
22x20px Japan 7 7 4 2 4
22x20px Mexico 8 1
22x20px New Zealand 10 8 2
22x20px Nigeria 8 6 =11 3
22x20px North Korea 9 9 2
22x20px Norway 3 1 7 3
22x20px South Africa 10 1
22x20px Sweden 6 6 4 6 7 5
22x20px United States 1 2 1 1 1 5
Total nations 8 8 10 12 12

Men's tournament

The qualifying tournament, like that for the World Cup, is organised along continental lines. Most continental confederations organise a special Under-23 qualifying tournament, although the European qualifiers are drawn from the finalists of the UEFA Under-21 Championship and South American qualifiers from the South American Youth Championship, which is a U-20 tournament. For the 2016 Games, the number of places allocated to each continent was:

Women's tournament

The women's tournament is contested between full national sides, with no age restrictions. One place is reserved for the host country. Of the remaining teams, as in World Cup contests a specific number of places are reserved for teams from each continental region; the European (UEFA) teams are chosen from the most successful European teams in the previous year's World Cup, whilst the other continental regions host their own qualifying tournaments in the build-up to the Olympics.

The first women's tournament was at the 1996 Atlanta Games. USA won the gold medal, and picked up silver in 2000 after an extra time defeat by Norway. The finals of the next two tournaments, in 2004 and 2008, also went to extra time, with USA defeating Brazil both times. In 2012 USA won their 4th the gold medal defeating Japan 2-1 in the final.

Allocation of places for each continent in the 2016 Games will be:

Records

Denmark's Sophus Nielsen in the 1908 and 1912 hold the record for the most goals scored by a player in an all and single tournament, scoring 13 goals. The first official football tournament was held in London, England, 1908.

Men's results

Year Host Final Third place
Gold Medalists Score Silver Medalists Bronze Medalists Score 4th place
1896 23x15px
Athens
No football tournament
1900
Details
23x15px
Paris
30px
Upton Park F.C.
[16] 30px
USFSA XI
30px
Université de Bruxelles
[16] only three clubs entered
1904
Details
23x15px
St. Louis
30px
Galt F.C.
[17] 30px
Christian Brothers College
30px
St. Rose Parish
[17] only three clubs entered
1908
Details
23x15px
London
30px
Great Britain
2 – 0 30x27px
Denmark
30x27px
Netherlands
2 – 0 30x27px
Sweden
1912
Details
23x15px
Stockholm
30px
Great Britain
4 – 2 30x27px
Denmark
30x27px
Netherlands
9 – 0 30px
Finland
1920
Details
23x15px
Antwerp
30x27px
Belgium
[18] 30x27px
Spain
30x27px
Netherlands
[18] 30x27px
France
1924
Details
23x15px
Paris
30x27px
Uruguay
3 – 0 23x16px
Switzerland
30x27px
Sweden
1 – 1
aet
30x27px
Netherlands
Match replay: 3 – 1
1928
Details
23x15px
Amsterdam
30x27px
Uruguay
1 – 1
aet
30x27px
Argentina
30x27px
Italy
11 – 3 30x27px
Egypt
Match replay: 2 – 1
1932 23x15px
Los Angeles
No football tournament
1936
Details
23x15px
Berlin
30x27px
Italy
2 – 1
aet
30x27px
Austria
30x27px
Norway
3 – 2 30x27px
Poland
1948
Details
23x15px
London
30x27px
Sweden
3 – 1 30x27px
Yugoslavia
30x27px
Denmark
5 – 3 30px
Great Britain
1952
Details
23x15px
Helsinki
30x27px
Hungary
2 – 0 30x27px
Yugoslavia
30x27px
Sweden
2 – 0 30x27px
West Germany
1956
Details
23x15px
Melbourne
30x27px
Soviet Union
1 – 0 30x27px
Yugoslavia
30x27px
Bulgaria
3 – 0 Template:Country data India
1960
Details
23x15px
Rome
30x27px
Yugoslavia
3 – 1 30x27px
Denmark
30x27px
Hungary
2 – 1 30x27px
Italy
1964
Details
Template:Country data Japan
Tokyo
30x27px
Hungary
2 – 1 30x27px
Czechoslovakia
30x27px
East Germany[13]
3 – 1 30x27px
United Arab Republic
1968
Details
23x15px
Mexico City
30x27px
Hungary
4 – 1 30x27px
Bulgaria
Template:Country data Japan 2 – 0 30x27px
Mexico
1972
Details
23x15px
Munich
30x27px
Poland
2 – 1 30x27px
Hungary
30x27px
Soviet Union
30x27px
East Germany
2 – 2[19]
aet
1976
Details
23x15px
Montreal
30x27px
East Germany
3 – 1 30x27px
Poland
30x27px
Soviet Union
2 – 0 30x27px
Brazil
1980
Details
23x15px
Moscow
30x27px
Czechoslovakia
1 – 0 30x27px
East Germany
30x27px
Soviet Union
2 – 0 30x27px
Yugoslavia
1984
Details
23x15px
Los Angeles
30x27px
France
2 – 0 30x27px
Brazil
30x27px
Yugoslavia
2 – 1 30x27px
Italy
1988
Details
Template:Country data South Korea
Seoul
30x27px
Soviet Union
2 – 1
aet
30x27px
Brazil
30x27px
West Germany
3 – 0 30x27px
Italy
1992
Details
23x15px
Barcelona
30x27px
Spain
3 – 2 30px
Poland
30x27px
Ghana
1 – 0 30px
Australia
1996
Details
23x15px
Atlanta
30x27px
Nigeria
3 – 2 30x27px
Argentina
30x27px
Brazil
5 – 0 30px
Portugal
2000
Details
23x15px
Sydney
30x27px
Cameroon
2 – 2
asdet
30x27px
Spain
30x27px
Chile
2 – 0 30x27px
United States
5 – 3 on penalty shootout
2004
Details
23x15px
Athens
30x27px
Argentina
1 – 0 30x27px
Paraguay
30x27px
Italy
1 – 0 Template:Country data Iraq
2008
Details
23x15px
Beijing
30x27px
Argentina
1 – 0 30x27px
Nigeria
30x27px
Brazil
3 – 0 30x27px
Belgium
2012
Details
23x15px
London
30x27px
Mexico
2 − 1 30x27px
Brazil
Template:Country data South Korea 2 − 0 Template:Country data Japan
2016
Details
23x15px
Rio de Janeiro
2020
Details
Template:Country data Japan
Tokyo

Men's top scorers by tournament

Year Player Goals
1900 Unknown
1904 23x15px Alexander Hall
23x15px Tom Taylor
3
1908 23x15px Sophus Nielsen 11
1912 23x15px Gottfried Fuchs 10
1920 23x15px Herbert Karlsson 7
1924 23x15px Pedro Petrone 8
1928 23x15px Domingo Tarasconi 9
1936 23x15px Annibale Frossi 7
1948 23x15px John Hansen
23x15px Gunnar Nordahl
7
1952 23x15px Rajko Mitić
23x15px Branko Zebec
7
1956 23x15px Todor Veselinović
23x15px Dimitar Milanov
Template:Country data IND Neville D'Souza
4
1960 23x15px Harald Nielsen 8
1964 23x15px Ferenc Bene 12
1968 Template:Country data JPN Kunishige Kamamoto 7
1972 23x15px Kazimierz Deyna 9
1976 23x15px Andrzej Szarmach 6
1980 23x15px Sergei Andreev 5
1984 23x15px Borislav Cvetković
23x15px Stjepan Deverić
23x15px Daniel Xuereb
5
1988 23x15px Romario 7
1992 23x15px Andrzej Juskowiak 7
1996 23x15px Bebeto
23x15px Hernán Crespo
6
2000 23x15px Iván Zamorano 6
2004 23x15px Carlos Tévez 8
2008 23x15px Giuseppe Rossi 4
2012 23x15px Leandro Damião 6

Women's results

Year Host Final Third place
Gold Medalists Score Silver Medalists Bronze Medalists Score 4th place
1996
Details
23x15px
Atlanta
30x27px
United States
2 – 1 30x27px
China
30x27px
Norway
2 – 0 30x27px
Brazil
2000
Details
23x15px
Sydney
30x27px
Norway
3 – 2
asdet
30x27px
United States
30x27px
Germany
2 – 0 30x27px
Brazil
2004
Details
23x15px
Athens
30x27px
United States
2 – 1
aet
30x27px
Brazil
30x27px
Germany
1 – 0 30x27px
Sweden
2008
Details
23x15px
Beijing
30x27px
United States
1 – 0
aet
30x27px
Brazil
30x27px
Germany
2 – 0 Template:Country data Japan
2012
Details
23x15px
London
30x27px
United States
2 – 1
Template:Country data Japan 30x27px
Canada
1 – 0 30x27px
France
2016
Details
23x15px
Rio de Janeiro
2020
Details
Template:Country data Japan
Tokyo

Women's top scorers by tournament

Year Player Goals
1996 23x15px Ann Kristin Aarønes
23x15px Linda Medalen
23x15px Pretinha
4
2000 23x15px Sun Wen 4
2004 23x15px Cristiane
23x15px Birgit Prinz
5
2008 23x15px Cristiane 5
2012 23x15px Christine Sinclair 6

Medal table

Total

※ Countries ranked by total medals won (men's and women's) including unofficial (1900 and 1904).
※ Bronze medals shared in 1972 tournament

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States United States (USA) 4 2 1 7
2 Hungary Hungary (HUN) 3 1 1 5
3 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 3 0 0 3
4 Argentina Argentina (ARG) 2 2 0 4
5 Soviet Union Soviet Union (URS) 2 0 3 5
6 Uruguay Uruguay (URU) 2 0 0 2
7 Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 3 1 5
8 Poland Poland (POL) 1 2 0 3
Spain Spain (ESP) 1 2 0 3
10 East Germany East Germany (GDR)[13] 1 1 1 3
11 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 0 2
France France (FRA) 1 1 0 2
Nigeria Nigeria (NGR) 1 1 0 2
14 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 1 0 2 3
Norway Norway (NOR) 1 0 2 3
Italy Italy (ITA) 1 0 2 3
17 Belgium Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
Canada Canada (CAN) 1 0 1 2
19 Cameroon Cameroon (CMR) 1 0 0 1
Mexico Mexico (MEX) 1 0 0 1
21 Brazil Brazil (BRA) 0 5 2 7
22 Denmark Denmark (DEN) 0 3 1 4
23 Bulgaria Bulgaria (BUL) 0 1 1 2
Japan Japan (JPN) 0 1 1 2
25 Switzerland Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 0 1
Austria Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
China China (CHN) 0 1 0 1
Paraguay Paraguay (PAR) 0 1 0 1
29 Unified Team of Germany Unified Team of Germany (EUA) /
West Germany West Germany (FRG)
Germany Germany (GER)
0 0 5 5
30 Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 0 0 3 3
31 Ghana Ghana (GHA) 0 0 1 1
Chile Chile (CHI) 0 0 1 1
South Korea South Korea (KOR) 0 0 1 1
Total 30 30 31 91

Men's medal table

※ Countries ranked by total medals won including unofficial (1900 and 1904).
※ Bronze medals shared in 1972 tournament

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Hungary Hungary (HUN) 3 1 1 5
2 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 3 0 0 3
3 Argentina Argentina (ARG) 2 2 0 4
4 Soviet Union Soviet Union (URS) 2 0 3 5
5 Uruguay Uruguay (URU) 2 0 0 2
6 Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 3 1 5
7 Poland Poland (POL) 1 2 0 3
Spain Spain (ESP) 1 2 0 3
9 East Germany East Germany (GDR) 1 1 1 3
10 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 0 2
France France (FRA) 1 1 0 2
Nigeria Nigeria (NGR) 1 1 0 2
13 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 1 0 2 3
Italy Italy (ITA) 1 0 2 3
15 Belgium Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
16 Canada Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
Cameroon Cameroon (CMR) 1 0 0 1
Mexico Mexico (MEX) 1 0 0 1
19 Brazil Brazil (BRA) 0 3 2 5
20 Denmark Denmark (DEN) 0 3 1 4
21 United States United States (USA) 0 1 1 2
Bulgaria Bulgaria (BUL) 0 1 1 2
23 Switzerland Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 0 1
Austria Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
Paraguay Paraguay (PAR) 0 1 0 1
26 Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 0 0 3 3
27 Unified Team of Germany Unified Team of Germany (EUA) /
West Germany West Germany (FRG)
0 0 2 2
28 Norway Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
Japan Japan (JPN) 0 0 1 1
Ghana Ghana (GHA) 0 0 1 1
Chile Chile (CHI) 0 0 1 1
South Korea South Korea (KOR) 0 0 1 1
Total 25 25 26 76

Women's medal table

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States United States (USA) 4 1 0 5
2 Norway Norway (NOR) 1 0 1 2
3 Brazil Brazil (BRA) 0 2 0 2
4 China China (CHN) 0 1 0 1
Japan Japan (JPN) 0 1 0 1
6 Germany Germany (GER) 0 0 3 3
7 Canada Canada (CAN) 0 0 1 1
Total 5 5 5 15

See also

References

  1. ^ Goldblatt, David. The Ball Is Round : A Global History of Football. Penguin Books. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8. 
  2. ^ Mallon, Bill; & Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. p. 118. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9. 
  3. ^ The forgotten story of ... football, farce and fascism at the 1936 Olympics
  4. ^ "Controversia – Berlín 36. Un mito derrumbado (The Berlin '36 Controversy. A myth debunked.)" (in español). Larepublica.com.pe. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  5. ^ http://www.scottishfa.co.uk/news.cfm?newsid=4029&pageid=155&back=1
  6. ^ http://www.newsletter.co.uk/sport/YOUR-VIEWS-Olympic-football-threat.4327759
  7. ^ "Brown pays tribute to GB success". BBC News. 24 August 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Nations pave way for 2012 GB team". BBC Sport. 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  9. ^ "London 2012 Olympics: Gareth Bale and non-English players have 'legal right' to play for Team GB". Daily Telegraph. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Going for gold: Team GB Pearce reveals 18-man squad for London Olympics". Daily Mail. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "So much for Team GB... Powell defends nearly all-English women's football squad". Daily Mail. 26 June 2012. 
  12. ^ Kelso, Paul (14 August 2012). "British Olympic Association chief executive Andy Hunt criticises Football Association for lack of support". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c The East German team represented the United Team of Germany in 1964, winning the bronze medal.
  14. ^ The team represented the United Team of Germany in 1956, and the Federal Republic of Germany (i.e., West Germany) in 1972, 1984 and 1988, and winning the bronze medal in 1988.
  15. ^ The United States had two of the three teams at the 1904 Games, taking the silver and bronze medals.
  16. ^ a b The 1900 tournament was originally a pair of demonstration matches between the three teams, but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the match results.
  17. ^ a b The 1904 tournament was originally a set of demonstration matches between the three teams (two from the United States), but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the round-robin results.
  18. ^ a b In 1920, Czechoslovakia abandoned the final match against Belgium after 40 minutes with the latter up 2–0. They were disqualified, and a mini-tournament to figure out the other medalists was held, with Spain beating the Netherlands for second place 3–1.
  19. ^ In 1972, the third place match between the Soviet Union and East Germany was a 2–2 tie after extra time had expired. Both teams were awarded bronze medals.

External links