Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Foreign minister

Foreign minister

A minister of foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a nation's foreign affairs.[1]

World contexts

Difference in titles

In some nations, such as India, the foreign minister is referred to as the Minister for External Affairs or, as in the case of Brazil and of the former Soviet Union, as the Minister of External Relations. In the United States the equivalent to the foreign ministry is called the Department of State, and the equivalent position is known as the Secretary of State. Other common titles may include minister of foreign relations. In many Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America, the foreign minister is colloquially called canciller (chancellor).

Powers of position

A foreign minister's powers can vary from government to government. In a classic parliamentary system, a foreign minister can potentially exert significant influence in forming foreign policy but when the government is dominated by a strong prime minister the foreign minister may be limited to playing a more marginal or subsidiary role in determining policy. Similarly, the political powers invested in the foreign minister are often more limited in presidential governments with a strong executive. Since the end of World War II, it has been common for both the foreign minister and defense minister to be part of an inner cabinet (commonly known as a national security council) in order to coordinate defense and diplomatic policy. Although the 19th and early 20th centuries saw many heads of government assume the foreign ministry, this practice has since become uncommon in most developed nations.

Responsibilities

Along with their political roles, foreign ministers are also traditionally responsible for many diplomatic duties, such as hosting foreign world leaders and going on state visits to other countries. The foreign minister is generally the most well-traveled member of any cabinet.

Although it is very rare for there to be any sub-national foreign minister post, although sometimes there is a minor external relations position, it can exist supranationally. The European Union has dealt with external relations in certain areas since its inception (see EU Trade Commissioner) and has a High Representative as its chief diplomat. However her duties are primarily to implement EU Foreign Policy, rather than formulate it.

Related articles and lists

By year

Country-related articles and lists

Country, territory, partially recognised country or other entity Name of office Head of the office
23x15px Abkhazia Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Afghanistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Albania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Algeria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Andorra Ministry of External Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Institutional Relations
23x15px Angola Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Argentina Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship Ministers of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Worship
23x15px Armenia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Austria Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs Federal Minister for European and International Affairs
23x15px Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Bahamas Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration
23x15px Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Barbados Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and International Business Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
23x15px Belarus Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Belgium Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, External Trade and European Affairs
23x15px Belize Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
23x15px Benin Ministry of Foreign Affairs and African Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration, La Francophonie, and Beninese Abroad
23x15px Bhutan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Bolivia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Chancellor
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Botswana Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Brazil Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations
23x15px Brunei Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
23x15px Bulgaria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Burkina Faso Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation
23x15px Burma Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Burundi Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Cambodia Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Cameroon Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations
23x15px Canada Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Quebec Ministry of International Relations Minister of International Relations, La Francophonie and Trade
23x15px Cape Verde Ministry of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs
23x15px Central African Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, African Integration, La Francophonie Affairs, and Central Africans Abroad Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration, La Francophonie Affairs, and Central Africans Abroad
23x15px Chad Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and African Integration
23x15px Chile Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px People's Republic of China Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Hong Kong Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Commerce and Economic Development Bureau
Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau
Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development
Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs
23x15px Macau Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China in the Macao Special Administrative Region
Secretariat for Economy and Finance
Secretariat for Social Affairs and Culture
Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China in the Macao Special Administrative Region
Secretary of Economy and Finance of Macau
Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture of Macau
23x15px Colombia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Comoros Ministry of External Relations, of Cooperation, in Charge of the Diaspora, of la Francophonie and of the Arab World Minister of External Relations, of Cooperation, in Charge of the Diaspora, of la Francophonie and of the Arab World
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and La Francophonie
23x15px Republic of the Congo Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Cook Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration
23x15px Costa Rica Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations and Worship
23x15px Côte d'Ivoire Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Croatia Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs Minister of Foreign and European Affairs
23x15px Cuba Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Czech Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Denmark Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Djibouti Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Dominica Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Dominican Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Ecuador Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Integration
23x15px Egypt Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px El Salvador Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Equatorial Guinea Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and La Francophonie
23x15px Eritrea Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Estonia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Ethiopia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px European Union European External Action Service High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
23x15px Fiji Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Civil Aviation
23x15px Finland Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px France Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs Minister of Foreign and European Affairs
23x15px Gabon Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation, La Francophonie, in charge of NEPAD and Regional Integration
23x15px The Gambia Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Gambians Abroad Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Gambians Abroad
23x15px Georgia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Germany Foreign Office Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Ghana Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration
23x15px Greece Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Grenada Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Business Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Business
23x15px Guatemala Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Guernsey Policy Council External Relations Team
23x15px Guinea Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Guineans Abroad
23x15px Guinea-Bissau Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Guyana Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Haiti Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship
Template:Country data Honduras Secretariat of Foreign Affairs Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Hungary Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Iceland Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data India Ministry of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs
Template:Country data Indonesia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Iran Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Iraq Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Ireland Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade
Template:Country data Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Italy Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Jamaica Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Template:Country data Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Jersey Ministry of External Relations Minister for External Relations
Template:Country data Jordan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Kazakhstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Kenya Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Kiribati Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration
Template:Country data South Korea Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Template:Country data North Korea Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Kosovo Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Kuwait Ministry of Foreign Affairs Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Laos Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Latvia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Lebanon Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants Minister of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants
23x15px Lesotho Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Relations
23x15px Liberia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Libya Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Liechtenstein Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Lithuania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Luxembourg Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of. Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Madagascar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Malawi Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Malaysia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Maldives Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Mali Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Malta Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Marshall Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Mauritania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Mauritius Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade
23x15px Mexico Secretariat of Foreign Affairs Secretary of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Federated States of Micronesia Department of Foreign Affairs, Overseas Embassies, Consulates, and Missions Secretary of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Moldova Ministry of the Foreign Affairs and European Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
23x15px Monaco Department of External Relations Government Counsellor for External Relations
23x15px Mongolia Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
23x15px Morocco Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Mozambique Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Namibia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Nauru Department of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Health and Sport
File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Home Affairs and Foreign Affairs
23x15px The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Nicaragua Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Niger Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, African Integration and Nigeriens Abroad
23x15px Nigeria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Niue Premiers Department Minister of External Affairs
23x15px Northern Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Norway Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Oman Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Pakistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Palau Ministry of State Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Palestine Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Panama Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Papua New Guinea Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration Minister for Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration
23x15px Paraguay Ministry of Foreign Relations Minister of Foreign Relations
23x15px Peru Ministry of Foreign Relations Minister of Foreign Relations
23x15px Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs Secretary of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Poland Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Portugal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of State and Foreign Affairs
23x15px Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Romania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Russia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Rwanda Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs, National Security, Labour, Immigration and Social Security
23x15px Saint Lucia Ministry of External Affairs Minister for External Affairs, International Trade and Civil Aviation
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Consumer Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Consumer Affairs
23x15px Samoa Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
23x15px San Marino Secretariat of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Secretary for Foreign Affairs
23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities
23x15px Saudi Arabia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Senegal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Senegalese Abroad
23x15px Serbia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Seychelles Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Sierra Leone Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Slovakia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign and European Affairs
23x15px Slovenia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Solomon Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade
23x15px Somalia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px South Africa Department of International Relations and Cooperation Minister of International Relations and Cooperation
23x15px South Ossetia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px South Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Spain Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Sri Lanka Ministry of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs
23x15px Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Suriname Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Swaziland Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Sweden Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x16px  Switzerland Federal Department of Foreign Affairs Head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Syria Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates
23x15px Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Tajikistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Tanzania Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
23x15px Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Timor-Leste Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of State and of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Togo Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
23x15px Tonga Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs, Defence, Information and Communication
23x15px Transnistria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Tunisia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Turkmenistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Tuvalu Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs, Environment, Trade, Labour and Tourism
23x15px Uganda Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Ukraine Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs
23x15px United Arab Emirates Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
23x15px United States Department of State Secretary of State
23x15px Uruguay Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Uzbekistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Vanuatu Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade
23x16px  Vatican City Secretariat of State Secretary for Relations with States
23x15px Venezuela Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of the Popular Participation for Foreign Affairs
23x15px Vietnam Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Yemen Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Zambia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Tourism
23x15px Zimbabwe Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
[2]

Former countries

Former country Name of office Head of the office
23x15px Austria-Hungary Foreign Ministry Foreign Ministers
23x15px Czechoslovakia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px East Germany Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Irish Free State Department of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs
23x15px Prussia Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Soviet Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs
23x15px Yugoslavia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

See also

References

External links

Template:Types of government minister

Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Portal/images/i' not found.