Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina||2003||
|23x15px Cyprus||1984||See Cyprus-Ireland relations|
|23x15px Czech Republic||1929|
|23x15px Denmark||1962||See Denmark-Ireland relations|
Ireland supports EU initiatives to promote peace between Georgia and Russia. Ireland recognises Georgian sovereignty over the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Ireland condemned the decision of Russia to recognise South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states. The separatist Parliament of Abkhazia expressly called on Ireland to recognise Abkhaz independence, drawing parallels between Ireland’s own historic struggle for independence and international recognition with its own, the Abkhaz Parliament’s statement recalling that:
“Just like Ireland, Abkhazia has finally acquired long-awaited independence and recognition at the cost of enormous efforts...[Ireland] was de facto independent for a long time, but remained unrecognised. Ireland was the only unrecognised country in Europe until the world's largest country recognised a free parliament of Ireland. And that country was Russia.”
The parallel the Abkhaz Parliament referred to stems from the fact that the breakaway and largely unrecognised Irish Republic (1919–22), enjoyed some form of recognition from the RSFSR.
|23x15px Greece||1975||See Greece–Ireland relations
|23x15px Holy See||1929||See Holy See – Ireland relations|
|Template:Country data Iceland Iceland||
|Template:Country data Kazakhstan Kazakhstan||1992|
|23x15px Kosovo||2008||See Ireland–Kosovo relations
|23x15px Republic of Macedonia||1994|
|23x15px Isle of Man||See Ireland-Isle of Man relations
|23x15px Romania||1990||See Ireland–Romania relations|
|23x15px Russia||See Ireland–Russia relations
|23x15px San Marino||1995|
In 2010 Slovak airport security planted actual explosives in the luggage of unsuspecting passengers as part of a security exercise. As result of additional mistakes, the explosives were flown to Dublin, Ireland causing international controversy. Prime Minister Fico refused to dismiss the interior minister after the incident.
|23x15px United Kingdom||See Above and Ireland–United Kingdom relations
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|23x15px Antigua and Barbuda||2000|
|23x15px Canada||See Canada–Ireland relations|
|23x15px Colombia||1999||See Colombia–Ireland relations|
|23x15px Costa Rica|
|23x15px Dominican Republic||2009|
|23x15px El Salvador||2000||
|23x15px Mexico||21 August 1975||See Ireland–Mexico relations|
|23x15px Trinidad and Tobago|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|23x15px Australia||See Australia–Ireland relations
|23x15px New Zealand||
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|23x15px Democratic Republic of Congo|
|23x15px Ethiopia||1994||See Ethiopia–Ireland relations
Ireland disbursed USD 71.67 million to Ethiopia in 2008, making it seventh in worldwide bilateral donors to the country. Irish foreign aid to Ethiopia includes grants towards focuses on Vulnerability, Health, Education, HIV and AIDS and Governance, either directly, through NGOs, and missionary societies. These grants amounted to € 32 million in 2007, and over €37 million in 2006. In January, 2003, the Irish Minister of State with responsibility for Overseas Development Assistance, Tom Kitt, visited Ethiopia to see how his country could assist in famine relief. He planned to visit the Tigray Region, which was reported as being the most affected by famine at the time.
|Template:Country data Kenya Kenya||1979|
|23x15px Sierra Leone|
|23x15px South Africa||1993||
It was found in November 2012 that €4 million worth of Irish foreign aid was misappropriated by senior officials of the country. Instead of going towards aiding the development of the country, this money was redirected into the personal account of the prime minister of Uganda. The Irish government then halted all aid payments towards Uganda until the money was recouped, which eventually occurred in January 2013.
|23x15px Zambia||1965||See Ireland–Zambia relations|
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|23x15px China||1979||See China–Ireland relations|
|Template:Country data India India||1947||See India–Ireland relations
Indo-Irish relations picked up steam during the freedom struggles of the respective countries against a common imperial empire in the United Kingdom. Political relations between the two states have largely been based on socio-cultural ties, although political and economic ties have also helped build relations. Indo-Irish relations were greatly strengthened by the such luminaries as the likes of Pandit Nehru, Éamon de Valera, Rabindranath Tagore, W. B. Yeats, James Joyce, and, above all, Annie Besant. Politically relations have not been cold nor warm. Mutual benefit has led to economic ties that are fruitful for both states. Visits by government leaders have kept relations cordial at regular intervals.
|Template:Country data Iran Iran|
|Template:Country data Israel Israel||1975||See Ireland–Israel relations
In 2010, the Israel Defense Forces forcibly boarded an Irish aid ship destined for the Gaza Strip which resulted in worsened relations, Israel's Mossad was also involved in the counterfeiting of five Irish passports used in an assassination, and 2 members of the Israeli ambassador's security staff in Dublin were subsequently deported. In 2010, there were numerous protests at the Israeli embassy in Ireland over the treatment of Palestinians.
|Template:Country data Japan Japan||1957||
|23x15px Pakistan||See Ireland–Pakistan relations|
|23x15px Palestinian Authority||
|23x15px Philippines||See Ireland–Philippines relations
|23x15px Saudi Arabia|
|23x15px Timor Leste||2003|
|23x15px Turkey||1972||See Ireland–Turkey relations
Ireland has not yet established diplomatic relations with:
- Grenada, Guatemala, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname;
- Benin, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, São Tomé and Príncipe, South Sudan, Swaziland, Togo;
- Marshall Islands, Niue, Tonga;
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta;
- states with limited recognition except Kosovo.
The United Nations was founded in 1945, but Ireland's membership was blocked by the Soviet Union until 1955, "partly because of Dublin's neutrality" during the Second World War. Since 25 July 2007, the Irish ambassador to the UN Office at Geneva has been Dáithí Ó Ceallaigh. Ireland has been elected to the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member on three occasions — in 1962, in 1981–1982 and most recently in 2001–2002.
Irish Aid, the Government of Ireland’s programme of assistance to developing countries financed the redesign of the UNV Online Volunteering service website in 2008 and supported its operations from 2007 to 2010, which led to a significant growth in the number of online volunteers and the tasks they completed.
Ireland has a long history of participation in UN peacekeeping efforts starting in 1958, just three years after joining the UN. As of 2006[update], 85 members of the Irish Defence Forces had been killed on peacekeeping missions.
List of major peacekeeping operations:
- June 1958 – December 1958: UNOGIL observer mission to Lebanon
- 1958–present: UNTSO mission to the Middle East
- 1960–1964: ONUC mission to Congo
- 1964–present: UNFICYP mission to Cyprus
- 1973–1974: UNEF II mission to Sinai after the Yom Kippur War
- 1978–present: UNIFIL mission to Lebanon
- 1988–1991: UNIIMOG mission to the Iran-Iraq border following the Iran–Iraq War
- 1993–1995: UNOSOM II "peace enforcement" mission to Somalia
- 1997–2004: SFOR mission to former Yugoslavia
- 1999–present: KFOR mission to Kosovo
- 1999–2000: INTERFET mission to East Timor
- 2003–present: UNMIL mission to Liberia
- 2008–present: EUFOR Chad/CAR mission to Chad and the Central African Republic
Ireland is a member of or otherwise participates in the following international organisations:
Ireland's aid program was founded in 1974, and in 2006 its budget amounted to €734 million. The government has set a target of reaching the Millennium Development Goal of 0.7% of Gross National Product in aid by 2012, a target which is projected to amount to €1.5 billion based on current GNP growth. Irish development aid is concentrated on eight priority countries: Lesotho, Mozambique, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Zambia, Uganda, Vietnam and East Timor. in 2006, Malawi was announced as the ninth priority country, with a tenth country to follow. Aid has had to be reduced because of the Irish financial crisis.
There have been no serious civil, human or social rights abuses/problems in the State, according to Amnesty International and the U.S. State Department. The country consistently comes among the top nations in terms of freedom and rights ratings.
|Index||Ranking (Most Recent)||Result|
|Freedom in the World – Political Rights||1st (Joint)||1 ("Free")|
|Freedom in the World – Civil Liberties||1st (Joint)||1 ("Free")|
|Index of Economic Freedom||9th||76.9 ("Mostly Free")|
|Worldwide Press Freedom Index Ranking||15th||-4.00 ("Free")|
|Global Peace Index||6th (Joint)||1.33 ("More Peaceful")|
|Democracy Index||12th||8.79 ("Full Democracy")|
|International Property Rights Index||13th (Joint)||7.9|
|Corruption Perceptions Index||16th (Joint)||7.7|
|Failed States Index||170th (7th from the bottom)||26.5 ("Sustainable")|
Ireland and the Commonwealth of Nations
Ireland was a member state of the British Commonwealth from 1922 until 1949, initially as a Dominion called the Irish Free State from 1922 until 1937, when Ireland adopted a new constitution and changed the name of the state to "Ireland". Although the king was removed from the Constitution in 1936, a republic was only formally declared from 18 April 1949. Under the rules at the time, a republic could not be a member state of the Commonwealth. This was changed a week later with the adoption of the London Declaration.
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|last1=in Authors list (help)
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