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Open Access Articles- Top Results for French ship Hector (1756)

French ship Hector (1756)

For other ships of the same name, see French ship Hector and HMS Hector.
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<th height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Career (France)</th> <th style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">French Navy Ensign</th> </tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Name:</td><td> Hector</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Ordered:</td><td> 2 July 1751[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Builder:</td><td> Toulon[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Laid down:</td><td> 23 July 1752[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Launched:</td><td> 23 July 1755[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>In service:</td><td> June 1756[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Struck:</td><td> 3 October 1782[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Captured:</td><td> April 1782</td></tr> <tr> <th height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Career (UK)</th> <th style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Royal Navy Ensign</th> </tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Name:</td><td> Hector</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Acquired:</td><td> April 1782 by capture</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Fate:</td><td> Damaged in battle September 1782. Sunk October 1782.</td></tr>

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<th colspan="2" height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">General characteristics </th></tr>Template:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramline

The Hector was a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, lead ship of her class.

Career

Hector was launched on 23 July 1755, and commissioned under Captain Vilarzel d'Hélie.[1]

In 1757, the departed Toulon on 18 March, arriving in Louisbourg on 15 June.[1] Returning to Brest on 23 November with 5000 sick aboard, she spread the typhus to the town;[2] the ensuing epidemic caused 10 000 fatalities.[1] She was then decommissioned and stayed in the reserve in Brest.[1]

In July 1762, while cruising off Cap Français, she struck the bottom on a rock. The same spot had been the theatre of the wreck of Dragon on 17 March of the same year.[3]

Between 1763 and 1777, she was decommissioned in Toulon.[1] During the American War of Independence, she reactivated, sailing to the Delaware in July 1778.[1] She arrived at Newport on 8 August 1778.[1]

On 14 August 1778, Hector and the 64-gun Vaillant captured the bombship HMS Thunder.[1] The same day, she also captured the 16-gun HMS Senegal at Sandy Hook.[1]

Hector then took part in the Battle of Grenada on 6 July 1779 and in the Siege of Savannah, before returning to Brest, arriving on 10 December 1779.[1] She was decommissioned in Lorient on 21 December, before rearming and thaking part in the Battle of the Chesapeake on 5 September 1781.[1]

During the Battle of the Saintes, from 9 to 12 April 1782, she battled HMS Canada and Alcide and was captured.[1] He captain, Lavicomté, died in the action.[1]

The British took her to Jamaica, where she was repaired and recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Hector.[1]

She took part in the Action of 5 September 1782, where she was damaged by the frigates Aigle and Gloire.[4]

Much damaged in this action and after suffering the 1782 Central Atlantic hurricane of 17 September, she sank on 4 October 1782.[1] The privateer Hawke saved 200 of her crew.[1]

See also

Sources and references

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Roche, p.238
  2. ^ Épidémie de typhus à Brest en 1757, wiki-brest.net
  3. ^ Roche, p.156
  4. ^ Guérin, Les Marins illustres, p.433

Bibliography


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