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Fricassee

File:Chicken fricassee.jpg
Chicken fricassée

Fricassee or fricassée /ˈfrɪkəs/[1] is a method of cooking meat in which it is cut up, sautéed and braised, and served with its sauce, traditionally a white sauce.

Etymology

Fricassee is an old term, first attested in English in the mid-16th century. It is a French word, but the exact etymology is uncertain. It is theorized to be a compound of the French frire (to fry) and casser or quasser (to break in pieces).[2]

Description and history

Many cooking references describe fricassee simply as a French stew, usually with a white sauce.[3] Mastering the Art of French Cooking describes it as "halfway between a saute and a stew" in that a saute has no liquid added, while a stew includes liquid from the beginning. In a fricassee, cut-up meat is first sauteed (but not browned), then liquid is added and it is simmered to finish cooking.[4] Cookbook author James Peterson notes that some modernized versions of the recipe call for the meat to be thoroughly browned before braising, but the classical version requires that both meat and vegetables remain white, with no caramelization.[5]

File:Fricassée de lambi.jpg
Fricassée de lambi

By the general description of frying and then braising in liquid, there are recipes for fricassee as far back as the earliest version of the medieval French cookbook Le Viandier, circa 1300. In 1490, it is first referred to specifically as "friquassee" in the print edition of Le Viandier.[6]

Fricassee of chicken is commonly found, both in modern recipes and antique ones, but virtually all kinds of meat, poultry, fish, and even vegetables alone, can be found in fricassee dishes.

Chicken fricassee was one of Abraham Lincoln's favorite dishes.[7]

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References

  1. "Audio pronunciation of 'fricassee'". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  2. "fricassee". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  3. "Fricassée". CooksInfo.com. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  4. Child, Julia; Beck, Simone; Bertholle, Louisette (1969). Mastering the Art of French Cooking. Alfred A. Knopf. 
  5. Peterson, James (2008). Sauces: Classical and Contemporary Sauce Making (3 ed.). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-19496-6.
  6. Hess, Karen (1996). Martha Washington's Booke of Cookery. Columbia University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-23104-931-3. 
  7. Rysavy, Francois (1972). A Treasury of White House Cooking. New York: Putnam. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-39910-939-3. 

External links