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Friedrich Koenig

File:Friedrich Koenig.jpg
Friedrich Koenig
File:Koenig's steam press - 1814.png
Koenig's 1814 steam-powered printing press
For people with similar names, see [[:Friedrich König (disambiguation)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Friedrich König]].

Friedrich Gottlob Koenig (17 April 1774 – 17 January 1833) was a German inventor best known for his high-speed printing press, which he built together with watchmaker Andreas Friedrich Bauer.

He moved to London in 1804 and in 1810 was granted a patent on his press, which produced its first trial run in April 1812.[1] The machine was set up in their workshop, and invitations sent out to potential customers, notably John Walter of The Times. Amidst much secrecy, for fear of upsetting the existing pressmen, trials were carried out with great success. The first issue of The Times printed with the new presses was published on 29 November 1814.[1]

In August 1817 Koenig returned to Germany because of a disagreement with Thomas Bensley, a London book printer partner, who Koenig believed sought sole rights to the new machine. After consideration he chose an abandoned monastery in Würzburg for the premises of the factory. The firm was called Koenig & Bauer.


  1. ^ a b Meggs, Philip B. A History of Graphic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998. (pp 130–133)


  • Bolza, Hans (1967), "Friedrich Koenig und die Erfindung der Druckmaschine", Technikgeschichte 34 (1): 79–89 
  • Wolf, Hans-Jürgen (1974), Geschichte der Druckpressen (1st ed.), Frankfurt/Main: Interprint 

External links

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