Open Access Articles- Top Results for Gibraltarian English

Gibraltarian English

Not to be confused with the Llanito vernacular.

Gibraltarian English (abbreviated GibE) denotes the accent of English spoken in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.[1][2][3] The English language has been present at Gibraltar for approximately 300 years, and during these centuries English has mixed with diverse languages, particularly Spanish and a type of Spanish called Andalusian.[4] Gibraltarian English has become a subject of study for linguists interested in how English and other languages mix.[5] While the primary language of Gibraltarians is a mix of Spanish and Andalusian known as Llanito or Yanito, Gibraltarian English is becoming more prominent, and there has been a theory proposed that this variety of English is becoming "nativized".[5] Gibraltarian English is similar in many respects to British English.

See also


  1. ^ Levey, David (2008). Language Change and Variation in Gibraltar. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN 90-272-1862-5. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  2. ^ Language Change and Variation in Gibraltar, David Levey, John Benjamins Publishing, 2008, page 99+, Gibraltarian English: Vowels and Diphthongs (chapter 5), Retrieved Aug. 28, 2014, (Gibraltarian English studied by linguists)
  3. ^ A New New English: Language, Politics, and Identity in Gibraltar, Anja Kellermann, BoD – Books on Demand, 2001, Some Axioms of the Analysis of 'Gibraltarian English', Retrieved Aug. 28, 2014
  4. ^ Gibraltar, Identity and Empire, E.G. Archer, Routledge, Jan 11, 2013, Language and the community, Retrieved Aug. 28, 2014
  5. ^ a b Bergs, Alexander; Brinton, Laurel J.: English Historical Linguistics, Volume 2, Alexander Bergs, Laurel J. Brinton, Walter de Gruyter, Oct 1, 2012 English in contact with other European languages, Retrieved Aug. 28 2014

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