File:Gillian Anderson 2013 (cropped).jpg|
Anderson at the 2013 San Diego Comic Con International.
August 9, 1968|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Clyde Klotz (m. 1994–97)|
Julian Ozanne (m. 2004–06)
|Partner(s)||Mark Griffiths (2006–2012)|
Gillian Leigh Anderson (born August 9, 1968) is a film, television, and theatre actress whose credits include the roles of Special Agent Dana Scully in FOX Television's long-running and critically acclaimed drama series The X-Files, ill-fated socialite Lily Bart in Terence Davies' film The House of Mirth (2000), and Lady Dedlock in the successful BBC production of Charles Dickens' Bleak House.
After beginning her career on stage, Anderson achieved international recognition for her role as FBI Special Agent Dana Scully on the American sci-fi horror drama series The X-Files for all nine seasons (1993–2002). Her film work includes The House of Mirth (2000), the dramas The Mighty Celt (2005), The Last King of Scotland (2006), Shadow Dancer (2012), Sister (2012) and two X-Files films: the science fiction-thriller The X-Files (1998) and the supernatural fiction-thriller The X-Files: I Want to Believe (2008).
In 2013, Anderson was cast as serial killer Hannibal Lecter's psychotherapist, Bedelia Du Maurier, on the psychological thriller–horror television series Hannibal. That same year, she began starring on the BBC/Netflix crime television series The Fall. She has received five Primetime Emmy Award nominations (with one win) and five Golden Globe Award nominations (with one win).
Aside from film and TV, Anderson has taken on the stage and has received both awards and critical acclaim. Her stage work includes Absent Friends (for which she won a Theatre World Award for Best Newcomer), A Doll's House and A Streetcar Named Desire (both earned her Laurence Olivier Award nominations for Best Actress).
Anderson was born in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of Rosemary Anderson (née Lane), a computer analyst, and Homer Edward "Ed" Anderson III, who owned a film post-production company. She has Scottish, German, and Irish ancestry. Soon after her birth, her family moved to Puerto Rico for 15 months; her family then moved to England, where she lived until she was 11 years old. She lived for five years in London's Crouch End and 15 months in London's Stroud Green, so that her father could attend the London Film School. She was a pupil of Coleridge Primary School.
When Anderson was 11 years old, her family moved again, this time to Grand Rapids, Michigan. She attended Fountain Elementary and then City High-Middle School, a program for gifted students with a strong emphasis on the humanities, graduating in 1986. She is bidialectal. With her English accent and background, she was mocked and felt out of place in the American Midwest and soon adopted a Midwestern accent. To this day, her accent depends on her location; she spoke in an American accent for an interview on Live with Kelly and Michael, but shifted it for an interview with English broadcaster Michael Parkinson. Anderson also spoke with an English accent during her interview with host Jeremy Clarkson as the guest on Series 22, Episode 6 of Top Gear.
Anderson was interested in marine biology, but began acting in high school productions during her freshman year, and later in community theater, and served as a student intern at the Grand Rapids Civic Theatre & School of Theatre Arts. She attended The Theatre School at DePaul University in Chicago, where she earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts in 1990. She also participated in the National Theatre of Great Britain's summer program at Cornell University.
Anderson moved to New York when she was 22 years old. To support herself when she started her career, Anderson worked as a waitress. She began her career in Alan Ayckbourn's play, Absent Friends at the Manhattan Theatre Club alongside Brenda Blethyn; she won the 1990–91 Theatre World "Newcomer" Award for her role. Her next theatrical role was in Christopher Hampton's The Philanthropist at the Long Wharf Theatre in New Haven, Connecticut. Anderson moved to Los Angeles in 1992, spending a year auditioning. Although she had once vowed she would never do TV, being out of work for a year changed her mind. Anderson did Home Fires Burning for a cable station, as well as the audiobook version of Exit to Eden. She broke into mainstream television in 1993, with a guest appearance on the collegiate drama, Class of '96, on the fledgling Fox Network.
As a result of her guest appearance in Class of 96, Anderson was sent the script for The X-Files at the age of 24. She decided to audition because, "for the first time in a long time, the script involved a strong, independent, intelligent woman as a lead character." Producer Chris Carter wanted to hire her, but Fox wanted someone with previous TV exposure and greater sex appeal. Fox sent in more actresses, but Carter stood by Anderson, and she was eventually cast as Special Agent Dana Scully. Anderson got the part assuming it would run for 13 episodes, the standard minimum order for American TV networks. Filmed for the first five seasons in Vancouver before moving to Los Angeles, the series would run for nine seasons, and included two films, released in 1998 and 2008. During her time on The X-Files, Anderson won several awards for her portrayal of Special Agent Scully, including an Emmy Award, Golden Globe and two Screen Actors Guild awards for "Best Actress in a Drama Series." While filming, Anderson met assistant art director Clyde Klotz, whom she would eventually marry.
In 1997 Anderson worked on the independent film Chicago Cab. In 1998 she starred in the film Playing by Heart with Sean Connery, Angelina Jolie, Ellen Burstyn and Anthony Edwards. Anderson also had a supporting role in the film, The Mighty with Gena Rowlands, Harry Dean Stanton, James Gandolfini and Sharon Stone. In 1999, Anderson had a supporting role in the English-language release of Hayao Miyazaki's Princess Mononoke, where she voiced the character of Moro. Anderson is a fan of Miyazaki's work. She also took part in Eve Ensler's The Vagina Monologues.
In 2000, Anderson starred in the film The House of Mirth with Eric Stoltz, an adaptation of the Edith Wharton novel of the same name, where she won such awards as the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress, also British Independent Film Award for Best Actress and Village Voice Film Poll Best Lead Performance. When The X-Files ended in 2002, she moved to London for a complete change of pace and the opportunity to return to the stage. She performed in several stage productions and worked on various film projects.
In 2005, she appeared as Lady Dedlock in the BBC "Bleak House" of Charles Dickens ' novel Bleak House, had a starring role in the Irish film The Mighty Celt (for which she won an IFTA award for Best International Actress) and performed in A Cock and Bull Story, a film version of the novel Tristram Shandy. In 2006, Anderson was nominated for a British Academy Television Award (BAFTA) for Best Actress and won the Broadcasting Press Guild Television and Radio Award for Best Actress for her role in Bleak House. Anderson also received an Emmy nomination for "Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie" for her performance as Lady Dedlock. She was nominated for a Golden Satellite Award and Golden Globe for her performance in Bleak House and came in second place in the Best Actress category of the 2005 BBC Drama website poll for her performance as Lady Dedlock (Billie Piper came in first and Anna Maxwell Martin came in third).
During 2006 and 2007, Anderson appeared in two British films: The Last King of Scotland with James McAvoy (2006) and Straightheads with Danny Dyer (2007). Anderson hosted Masterpiece Theatre during the Jane Austen series. From December 2007 to March 11, 2008, Anderson filmed The X-Files: I Want to Believe. Anderson portrayed Nora in Ibsen's A Doll's House at the Donmar Warehouse in London's West End during a limited engagement which ran from May 14, 2009 until July 18, 2009. Anderson had a nomination for Best Actress in the Laurence Olivier Awards 2010, for productions which opened in the 2009 calendar year for her portrayal of Nora. In April 2011 she starred in the BBC adaptation The Crimson Petal and the White as Mrs. Castaway.
Anderson appears as the head of MI7 Pamela Thornton in Johnny English Reborn, which opened internationally in Australia on September 15, 2011, and to some acclaim as Miss Havisham in a three-part BBC adaptation of Great Expectations that aired in late December 2011. In May 2013, Anderson appeared in the lead role in The Fall, a drama serial for BBC Two and RTÉ ONE. She played a main character in Hannibal, portraying Dr. Bedelia Du Maurier. In 2014, Anderson was promoted from a recurring character during the first two seasons, to a series regular for the third season. In 2015, Anderson won a Fangoria Chainsaw Award for Favorite Supporting Actress on Television, for her role as Du Maurier.
In July 2014, Anderson gained critical acclaim for her performance as Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams at the Young Vic Theatre in London. The production became the fastest-selling show in the theatre's history and the run was extended by two weeks due to the demand for tickets. In the first collaboration between the Young Vic Theatre and National Theatre Live, the show was broadcast live to over 1100 venues on 16 September 2014.
Anderson married her first husband, Clyde Klotz, The X-Files series assistant art director, on New Year's Day 1994, in Hawaii in a Buddhist ceremony. They had a daughter, Piper Maru (born September 1994), for whom Chris Carter named the X-Files episode of the same name, and divorced in 1997. In December 2004, Anderson married Julian Ozanne, a documentary filmmaker, on Lamu Island, off the coast of Kenya. Anderson announced their separation on April 21, 2006. Anderson and former boyfriend, Mark Griffiths, have two sons: Oscar, born November 2006 and Felix, born October 2008. She ended their relationship in 2012. In March 2012, Anderson told Out magazine about her past relationship with a girl while in high school. Anderson "...said she first experimented with women during her rebellious teenaged years, when she moved from England to the United States."
Activism and charity work
Anderson is an honorary spokesperson for the Neurofibromatosis Network. Her brother Aaron died from the disease and was diagnosed when Gillian was just a teenager. She also supports Children with Tumours, a new UK group devoted to helping children with NF. She is also a member of the board of directors for Artists for a New South Africa and a campaigner for ACTSA: Action for Southern Africa. Anderson is an active member of PETA, and supports animal rights. She also supports tribal rights charity Survival International leading to her performance in a London stage fundraiser in early 2010.
In late 2010, Anderson and other celebrities joined a campaign to boycott Botswana diamonds over the government's treatment of the Kalahari San. In February 2011, Anderson narrated a short film about recent footage of an uncontacted tribe. The Amazon Indians were spotted from the air on the Brazil-Peru border. Anderson has said, "What comes across powerfully from this amazing footage is how healthy and confident these people appear. I hope they can be left alone – but that will only happen if the loggers are stopped." In June 2011, Anderson became an ambassador for Survival. Anderson has also been active in the LGBT community, particularly with youth. In 2013, Anderson also joined the Fishlove campaign, urging to fight unsustainable fishing practices that harm the marine ecosystem.
Anderson is also an advocate for a woman's right to choose and reproductive freedom. In 2001, she attended the "Rock for Choice" concert fundraiser along with singers Sarah McLachlan, Paula Cole, Melissa Etheridge as well as actresses Helen Hunt, Ellen DeGeneres, Portia de Rossi, and Kathy Najimy, supporting reproductive options for unplanned pregnancies, including the morning after pill.
|1986||Three at Once||Woman 1||Short film|
|1988||Matter of Choice, AA Matter of Choice||Unknown||Short film|
|1992||Turning, TheThe Turning||April Cavanaugh|
|1997||Chicago Cab, aka Hellcab||Southside Girl or Brenda|
|1998||The X-Files||Dana Scully|
|1998||Mighty, TheThe Mighty||Loretta Lee|
|1998||Playing by Heart||Meredith|
|2000||House of Mirth, TheThe House of Mirth||Lily Bart|
|2005||Mighty Celt, TheThe Mighty Celt||Kate|
|2005||Cock and Bull Story, AA Cock and Bull Story||Herself/Widow Wadman|
|2006||Last King of Scotland, TheThe Last King of Scotland||Sarah Merrit|
|2007||Straightheads, aka Closure||Alice Comfort|
|2008||X-Files: I Want to Believe, TheThe X-Files: I Want to Believe||Dana Scully|
|2008||How to Lose Friends & Alienate People||Eleanor Johnson|
|2009||Boogie Woogie||Jean Maclestone|
|2010||No Pressure||Herself||Short film|
|2011||Johnny English Reborn||Pamela Thornton ("Pegasus")|
|2012||Shadow Dancer||Kate Fletcher|
|2012||Room on the Broom||Witch||Voice|
|2013||Mr. Morgan's Last Love||Karen|
|2013||From Up On Poppy Hill||Hana Matsuzaki||Voice|
|2013||I'll Follow You Down||Marika|
|2015||The Departure||Blanche Dubois||Short film|
|TBA||Viceroy's House||Edwina Mountbatten||Filming starts later this year|
|1993||Class of '96||Rachel||Episode: "The Accused"|
|1993–2002||X-Files, TheThe X-Files||Dana Scully||202 episodes|
|1995||Eek! the Cat||Agent Scully||Episode: "Eek Space 9"|
|1996||ReBoot||Data Nully||Episode: "Trust No One"|
|1996||Future Fantastic||Herself||9 episodes|
|1996–2002||Hollywood Squares||Herself||5 episodes|
|1997||The Simpsons||Agent Scully (voice)||Episode: "The Springfield Files"|
|1999||Frasier||Jenny||Episode: "Dr. Nora"|
|1999||Harsh Realm||Video Narrator||Voice (uncredited)|
|2005||Bleak House||Lady Dedlock||14 episodes|
|2008||Masterpiece||Herself||Episode: "Sense and Sensibility"|
|2010||Any Human Heart||Duchess of Windsor||3 episodes|
|2011||The Crimson Petal and the White||Mrs. Castaway||2 episodes|
|2011||Moby Dick||Elizabeth||2 episodes|
|2011||Great Expectations||Miss Havisham||3 episodes|
|2013–present||The Fall||Stella Gibson||11 episodes|
|2013–present||Hannibal||Dr. Bedelia Du Maurier||9 episodes|
|2014||Crisis||Meg Fitch||10 episodes|
|2014||Robot Chicken||Fairy Godmother||Episode: "Up, Up, and Buffet"|
|2014||National Theatre Live||Blanche DuBois||Episode: "A Streetcar Named Desire"|
|2016||War and Peace||Anna Pavlovna Scherer||Upcoming series|
|2016||The X-Files||Dana Scully||Upcoming series|
|1983||Arsenic and Old Lace||Officer Brophy||City High School, Grand Rapids, Michigan|
|1990||A Flea in Her Ear||The Theatre School, De Paul University, Chicago, Illinois|
|1991||Absent Friends||Evelyn||Manhattan Theatre Club, New York|
|1992||The Philanthropist||Celia||Long Wharf Theatre, New Haven, Connecticut|
|1999–2000||The Vagina Monologues||Los Angeles & London|
|2002–2003||What The Night Is For||Melinda Metz||Comedy Theatre, London|
|2004||The Sweetest Swing in Baseball||Dana||Royal Court Theatre, London|
|2009||A Doll's House||Nora Helmer||Donmar Warehouse, London|
|2010||We Are One: A celebration of tribal peoples||Apollo Theatre, London|
|2013||Letters Live||The Tabernacle, Notting Hill|
|2014||A Streetcar Named Desire||Blanche DuBois||Young Vic, London|
- Wrote X-Files episode "All Things", which aired in 2000.
- Her first book A Vision of Fire, co-authored by Jeff Rovin, was published in October 2014. It is described as "a science fiction thriller of epic proportions".
- Directed X-Files episode "All Things", which aired in 2000.
- Directed "The Departure", a short film prequel to A Streetcar Named Desire. It is part of the Young Vic's short film series, which is produced in collaboration with The Guardian. The piece was written by novelist Andrew O'Hagan
- Executive producer of the second season of The Fall.
- Provided the voice for the ship's computer, E.V.E. (Enhanced Virtual Entity), in the 1996 video game Hellbender by Terminal Reality and Microsoft.
- Appeared in two X-Files games, The X-Files Game and provided her voice and likeness for The X-Files: Resist or Serve.
- Read books Exit to Eden and The X-Files: Ground Zero.
- Narrated movie about the release of footage of uncontacted Indians on the Brazil-Peru border, as part of Survival International's campaign to protect some of the world's last uncontacted tribes.
- Narrator of BBC Radio 4's on-going series "A History of Ideas" (2015)
- Narrated documentary entitled "The Widowmaker" (2015).
Awards and nominations
In 1996, Anderson was voted the "Sexiest Woman in the World" for FHM 's 100 Sexiest Women poll. In 1997, she was chosen by People magazine as one of the 50 Most Beautiful People in the World. Askmen listed her at No. 6 on their Top 7: '90s Sex Symbols. In 2008, she was listed 21st in FHM's All Time 100 Sexiest Hall of Fame.
- Hal Featuring Gillian Anderson – Extremis (Virgin Records America – 1997)
- ANDERSON, Gillian Leigh. Who's Who 2015 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription required)
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1271). Aug 9, 2013. p. 22.
- "The Official Gillian Anderson Website". gilliananderson.ws. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- "Gillian Anderson Biography (1968–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- Merrell, Sue (May 18, 2007). "Charity, celebrity blend well, actress says". The Grand Rapids Press (gilliananderson.ws). Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "Ancestry of Anderson's family". Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Gillian Anderson Biography". Bio.
- Thompson, Jonathan (November 17, 2002). "Gillian Anderson: Just don't ask her about aliens". The Independent. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
- Farndale, Nigel (May 1, 2009). "Gillian Anderson bares all". the Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- September 17, 2007 (September 17, 2007). "Gillian Anderson interview — Parkinson — BBC". YouTube. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- "Gillian Anderson on Live! With Kelly & Michael". YouTube. Caro D. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Academic Affairs: Who We Are (Alumni)". oaa.depaul.edu. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- About Gillian "Biography". The Official Gillian Anderson Website. See the last sentence of the tenth paragraph.
- Klein, Alvin (February 2, 1992). "THEATER; 'The Philanthropist'". New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "About Gillian Anderson". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "The Official Gillian Anderson Website — About Gillian — Biography". gilliananderson.ws. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Gillian Anderson Emmy Nominated". Emmys.com. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- "The Critical Eye – Gillian Anderson". The Critical Eye. November 11, 1999. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Gillian Anderson terrified of theatre". April 2, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- The Official Gillian Anderson Website: Biography, page 2' Linked 2014-11-13
- The Daily Telegraph, 14 May 2013: 'Life's been complicated lately': Gillian Anderson interview Linked 2014-11-13
- ""The Last King of Scotland" News". www.gilliananderson.ws. February 26, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Gillian Anderson in Straightheads". empiremovies.com. September 19, 2005. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Gillian Anderson". pbs.org. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Murray, Rebecca. "Gillian Anderson Interview - X-Files Movie 2008 Wonder Con". About.com. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "Review – A Doll’s House starring Gillian Anderson, Donmar Warehouse". May 20, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Farndale, Nigel (May 1, 2009). "Gillian Anderson interview for 'A Doll's House'". The Daily telegraph. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Bamigboye, Baz (February 8, 2010). "Keira Knightley wins Laurence Olivier Award nomination for debut West End performance". Mail Online. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "Release Info for Johnny English Reborn (2011)". IMdB. September 22, 2011. Retrieved September 2011.
- Bryony Gordon (December 26, 2011). "Gillian Anderson: 'When he was just 30, my brother was prepared to die’". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- Osborn, Michael (December 24, 2011). "BBC News – Great Expectations: Miss Havisham given 'youthful' air". BBC. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "TV review: Great Expectations; Fast Freddie, The Widow and Me" December 27, 2011, The Guardian
- "BBC Two Orders New Drama Series Starring Gillian Anderson". TVWise. February 3, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Anderson reaping in a whole new wave of fandom for her subdued (and Chainsaw Award-nominated) performance as Dr. Bedelia Du Maurier in NBC’s HANNIBAL". Fangoria. February 3, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Gingold, Michael (June 1, 2015). "The 2015 FANGORIA Chainsaw Awards Winners and Full Results!". Fangoria.
- "Production Page". Young Vic Theatre. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "A Streetcar Named Desire extends run to 19 September 2014" (PDF). Young Vic Theatre. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "NT live broadcast of A Streetcar Named Desire at Young Vic" (PDF). Young Vic Theatre. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "Fox Announces They Will Reboot ‘The X-Files’: Mulder And Scully To Return". Deadline. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "Fox Confirms ‘X-Files’ Reboot Talks, David Duchovny & Gillian Anderson To Return: Update". Deadline. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Harriet Lane (May 7, 2006). "The magnificent Anderson". The Observer. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- "X Files star now to become X-wife". Daily Mail. April 22, 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Boy for Scully and Mr X". The Times (London). November 19, 2006. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- "Gillian Anderson Welcomes a Son". People. October 20, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- "Exclusive: Gillian Anderson, Partner Mark Griffiths Split". Us Weekly. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "The Double Life of Gillian Anderson". Out. March 13, 2012.
- Mike Larkin (March 14, 2012). "Gillian Anderson confesses to lesbian flings". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- "Aaron Anderson Obituary". Obits.mlive.com. November 5, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
- "Neurofibromatosis Network". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Children with Tumours". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Gillian Anderson for The Global Genes Project".
- "Turkey Passes Its First Comprehensive Animal-Protection Law". PETA. Archived from the original on November 23, 2004. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Stars line up in West End to celebrate tribal peoples". Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Celebrities boycott Botswana over Bushmen, africanews.com. Retrieved June 2, 2012.
- "First ever aerial footage of uncontacted Amazon tribe released". uncontactedtribes.org. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Lost tribe film footage released for the first time – watch it here". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "Gillian Anderson becomes Survival ambassador" June 13, 2011, Survival web site news
- "Gillian Anderson Headlines Trevor Project Fundraiser to Help Gay Teens".
- "Fish love".
- "Keira Knightley - Keira Knightley campaigns for women in Afghanistan".
- "X-Files' Gillian Anderson Joins Ghibli's English Poppy Hill Dub". August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- "The G-Files: the search for Gillian Anderson's roots". Retrieved October 4, 2006.
- "Letters Live: Epistolary Joy At Freemasons’ Hall". Londonist.
- "BBC Sherlock star, X Files actor and a host of other celebrities perform at charity event for the Reading Agency". The Guardian.
- "Letters Live at Hay Fetival". The Telegraph.
- Gillian Anderson. "A Vision of Fire (Earthend Saga #1)". Goodreads. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- Gillian Anderson Official Site. "FHM No. 81".
- "Gillian Anderson - Most Beautiful, Gillian Anderson: People.com". May 12, 1997. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- "Top 7: '90s Sex Symbols – AskMen". Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- "The All Time 100 Sexiest Hall of Fame". FHM.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gillian Anderson.|
|40x40px||Wikiquote has quotations related to: Gillian Anderson|
- Official website
- Gillian Anderson at the Internet Movie Database
- Gillian Anderson at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gillian Anderson at the Notable Names Database
- Gillian Anderson at AllMovie
- Gillian Anderson at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
|Host of Masterpiece Classic
| Succeeded by|
Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).