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Glorioso Islands

Glorioso Islands
Îles Glorieuses
Flag of Archipel des Glorieuses
Flag
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood"
Anthem: La Marseillaise

The Glorieuses or Glorioso Islands (French: Îles Glorieuses or officially also Archipel des Glorieuses) are a group of French islands and rocks totalling Script error: No such module "convert"., at 11°33′S 47°20′E / 11.550°S 47.333°E / -11.550; 47.333Coordinates: 11°33′S 47°20′E / 11.550°S 47.333°E / -11.550; 47.333{{#coordinates:11|33|S|47|20|E|region:FR-TF_type:isle|| |primary |name= }}, in the northern Mozambique channel, about Script error: No such module "convert". northwest of Madagascar. The Glorieuses have an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Script error: No such module "convert".. There are anchorages offshore, and Grande Glorieuse has a Script error: No such module "convert". long airstrip.

The archipelago consists of two islands, Grande Glorieuse (11°34′46.54″S 47°17′54.14″E / 11.5795944°S 47.2983722°E / -11.5795944; 47.2983722 (Grande Glorieuse){{#coordinates:11|34|46.54|S|47|17|54.14|E|type:isle | |name=Grande Glorieuse }}) and Île du Lys, as well as eight rock islets (Roches Vertes): Wreck Rock (11°30′45.19″S 47°22′54.17″E / 11.5125528°S 47.3817139°E / -11.5125528; 47.3817139 (Wreck Rock){{#coordinates:11|30|45.19|S|47|22|54.17|E|type:isle | |name=Wreck Rock }}), South Rock (11°35′43.76″S 47°18′6.66″E / 11.5954889°S 47.3018500°E / -11.5954889; 47.3018500 (South Rock){{#coordinates:11|35|43.76|S|47|18|6.66|E|type:isle | |name=South Rock }}) and Verte Rocks (11°34′15.63″S 47°19′54.18″E / 11.5710083°S 47.3317167°E / -11.5710083; 47.3317167 (Verte Rocks){{#coordinates:11|34|15.63|S|47|19|54.18|E|type:isle | |name=Verte Rocks }}) and three others that are unnamed. They form part of a coral reef and lagoon. Grande Glorieuses is roughly circular and measures about Script error: No such module "convert". across. It is thickly vegetated, mainly by the remains of a coconut plantation and casuarina trees.

Île du Lys, located at 11°30′59.35″S 47°22′36.02″E / 11.5164861°S 47.3766722°E / -11.5164861; 47.3766722 (Île du Lys){{#coordinates:11|30|59.35|S|47|22|36.02|E|type:isle | |name=Île du Lys }} about Script error: No such module "convert". northeast of Grande Glorieuses, is about Script error: No such module "convert". long and consists of sand dunes and scrub with some mangroves. It was formerly quarried for phosphate (guano).

The climate is tropical and the terrain is low and flat, varying from sea level to Script error: No such module "convert".. Île de Lys in particular is a nesting ground for migratory seabirds, and turtles lay eggs on the beaches.

History

Perhaps earlier known to Arab navigators, the Glorieuses were named and settled in 1880 by a Frenchman, Hippolyte Caltaux, who established a coconut plantation on Grande Glorieuse. The archipelago became a French possession in 1892 when Captain Richard of the Primauget made a formal claim.

From 1914 to 1958 concessions to exploit the islands were given to Seychelles companies. The islands are today nature reserves with a meteorological station garrisoned by French troops (The French Foreign Legion).[citation needed] Madagascar continues to claim sovereignty over the islands,[1] as do the Comoros and the Seychelles.[2]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Disputes - International". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Seychelles has claim on Glorieuses and Tromelin, says historian Durup". Seychelles eNews. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2014-01-03.