Open Access Articles- Top Results for Google Personalized Search

Google Personalized Search

Google Personalized Search is a feature of Google Search. All searches on Google Search are associated with a browser cookie record.[1] Then, when a user performs a search, the search results are not only based on the relevance of each web page to the search term, but also on which websites the user (or someone else using the same browser) visited through previous search results.[1] This provides a more personalized experience that can increase the relevance of the search results for the particular user, but also has some side effects, such as informing other users of the same IP address or computer what others have been searching for, or creating a filter bubble. The feature only takes effect after several searches have been recorded, so that it can be calibrated to the user's tastes.[2]


Personalized Search was originally introduced on March 29, 2004 as a beta test of a Google Labs project.[3] On April 20, 2005, it was made available as a non-beta service, but still separate from ordinary Google Search.[4][5] On November 11, 2005, it became a part of the normal Google Search, but only to users with Google Accounts.[6]

Beginning on December 4, 2009, Personalized Search was applied to all users of Google Search, including those who are not logged into a Google Account.[1]

In addition to customizing results based on personal behavior and interests associated with a Google Account, Google also implemented social search results in October 2009[7] based on people you know. Operating on the assumption that your associates share similar interests these results would give a ranking boost to sites from within a user's "Social Circle." These two services integrated into regular results by February 2011 and expanded results by including content shared to users you know through social networks. [8]

Data Collection

Google's search algorithm is driven by collecting and storing web history in its databases. For non-authenticated users Google looks at anonymously stored browser cookies on a user's browser and compares the unique string with those stored within Google databases. Google accounts logged into Google Chrome use user's web history to learn what sites and content you like and base the search results presented on them. Using the data provided by the user Google constructs a profile including gender, age, languages, and interests based on prior site traffic[9]

Google's social networking service, Google+ also collects this demographic data including age, sex, location, career, and friends. This largely comes into play when presenting reviews and ratings from people within a user's circle.[10]

Location Data

When paired with an Android device Google can collect precise location data with the device's current location and places it has visited previously. Google uses this location data to provide local listings grouped with search results using the Google Local platform featuring detailed reviews and ratings from Zagat.[10]


Several concerns have been brought up regarding the feature. It decreases the likelihood of finding new information, since it biases search results towards what the user has already found. It also introduces some privacy problems, since a user may not be aware that their search results are personalized for them, and it affects the search results of other people who use the same computer (unless they are logged in as a different user). The feature also has profound effects on the search engine optimization (SEO) industry, since search results are not ranked the same way for every user – thus making it more difficult to identify the effects of SEO efforts.[11] Personalization makes search experience inconsistent for different users requiring the SEO industry to be aware of both personalized and non-personalized search results to get an increase in ranking.[10]

Personalized search suffers from creating an abundance of background noise to search results. This can be seen as the carry-over effect where one search is performed followed by a subsequent search. The second search is influenced by the first search if a timeout period is not set at a high enough threshold. An example of the negative effects of the carry-over effect is a search for a store in Hawaii could carry-over the results of a previous, failed search that showed the same store in California, creating noise.[12]


  1. ^ a b c "Personalized Search for everyone". Google. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  2. ^ " Google automates personalized search". CNET. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  3. ^ " Google takes searching personally". Google. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  4. ^ " Google search gets personal". CNET. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  5. ^ "Search gets personal". Google. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  6. ^ "Google Personalized Search".
  7. ^ "Introducing Google Social Search: I finally found my friend's New York blog!". Google. Retrieved Dec 1, 2014
  8. ^ "Google’s Results Get More Personal With Search Plus Your World". Search Engine Land. Retrieved Dec 1, 2014.
  9. ^ "Google Ads Settings". Google. Retrieved Dec 1, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "Guide to Personalized Search Results". Colborn, Ken. Portent. Retrieved Dec 1, 2014
  11. ^ "Google Personalized Results Could Be Bad for Search". Network World. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  12. ^ "A Better Understanding of Personalized Search". Briggs, Justin. Retrieved on Dec 1 2014

See also