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The Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Vlada Republike Slovenije) exercises executive authority in Slovenia pursuant to the Constitution and the laws of Slovenia. It is also the highest administrative authority in Slovenia.
The government carries out the country’s domestic and foreign policy, shaped by the National Assembly; it directs and co-ordinates the work of government institutions and bears full responsibility for everything occurring within the authority of executive power. The government, headed by the Prime Minister, thus represents the political leadership of the country and makes decisions in the name of the whole executive power.
The following duties are attributed to the government:
- executes the domestic and foreign policies of the state;
- directs and co-ordinates the activities of government agencies;
- administers the implementation of laws, resolutions of the National Assembly, and legislation of the President of the Republic of Slovenia;
- introduces bills, and submits international treaties to the National Assembly for ratification and denunciation;
- prepares the draft of the state budget and submits it to the National Assembly, administers the implementation of the state budget and presents a report on the implementation of the state budget to the National Assembly;
- issues regulations and orders on the basis of and for the implementation of law;
- manages relations with other states;
- performs other duties which the Constitution and the laws vest in the Government of the Republic.
The cabinet was sworn on 18 September 2014. Since then the prime minister of the government is Miro Cerar. There are two deputy prime ministers: Karl Erjavec and Dejan Židan. Both deputy prime ministers are also government ministers. The coalition was formed by three parties: Party of Miro Cerar (SMC), Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS) and Social Democrats (SD). At the inauguration the government consisted of 16 ministers, two of them without portfolio, with men:women ratio 9:7. The cabinet had on the day of the naming the highest number of female ministers to date in modern Slovenian history.
First Slovenian Government in the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs
Slovenian National Council (Slovene: :Slovenski narodni svet) was the first executive council established in Slovenia, though it never became Slovenian parliament. The Council named on the 31. of October 1918 the first slovene National government (Slovene: :Narodna vlada). Knight Josip Pogačnik was named as the first slovene prime minister in the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (SHS). The government, that had full organizational capabilities, took care of peace and order, economy, transport, education, food, science, culture and other public affairs. The Cabinet consisted of 12 departments called poverjeništva, that were led by representatives of all major Slovenian parties at the time. The government was active until 20. January 1919, when it was relieved by the new government of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in Belgrade.
List of governments of the Republic of Slovenia
Assembly of Socialist Republic of Slovenia in 1990 accepted a two new acts, that allowed unification of political parties in the Republic and elections to new assemblies. The president of the Assembly Miran Potrč determined the date of the first democratic elections in Socialist Republic of Slovenia to be on the 8 of April 1990. Since 16 May 1990 (the first multi-party parliamentary election held following the 45-year Communist rule), the Republic of Slovenia has had a total of twelve governments headed by eight different prime ministers. The prime minister in the first government of the Republic of Slovenia, was Lojze Peterle. That government was formed by the coalition Democratic Opposition of Slovenia (Demos), which composed of five parties: Slovene Christian Democrats (SKD), (Slovenian Social Democratic Union (SDZS), Slovenian Democratic Union (SDZ), Farmers' Alliance (SLS) and Greens of Slovenia (ZS). Since the first government eight governments have been formed by the left parties and four by the right political parties.
Bratušek's Government (2013-2014)
The cabinet was sworn on 20 March 2013.
Janša's Government (2012-2013)
The cabinet was sworn in on 10 February 2012.
Pahor's Government (2008–2012)
Janša's Government (2004–2008)
Rop's Government (2002–2004)
Bajuk's Government 2000
Drnovšek's Governments (1992–2002)
Peterle's Government (1990–1992)
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