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Grasă de Cotnari

File:Grasa de Cotnari.jpg
Semi-sweet Grasa de Cotnari
File:Origine of Tokajer and Grasa de Cotnari.png
The winemaking regions of Grasă (red) and of Tokaj (orange)

Grasă de Cotnari (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈɡrasə de kotˈnarʲ]) is a Romanian wine variety associated with the Cotnari vineyard, Moldavia, where it has been grown ever since the rule of Prince Stephen the Great (1457–1504). With the general decline in demand for sweet wines after the second world war and bad wine making during the communist era,[1] Grasă de Cotnari became largely forgotten in the international wine market. Even today it is seldom available, although the offered qualities have improved considerably in recent years.

Wine styles

Grasă de Cotnari is usually a botrytised sweet wine (although semi-sweet varieties are also made) and usually has a high residual sugar content, sometimes as much as 300g/liter.[2] The harvest of 1958 reached the maximal sugar content in the history of this wine of about 520g/liter.

The wine is made primarily from a grape variety also called Grasă de Cotnari.[3] or Grasă (an old white grape cultivated in the Furmint group), although some additional Fetească Alba is allowed. It is produced from grapes that fully reached and exceeded their maturity, hence the high residual sugar content.

A carefully made Grasă de Cotnari is a golden yellow wine, and in spite of its residual sweetness should retain a fine acid structure and 11,5-14% alcohol by volume. It ages well, its color darkens from pale yellow to reach a dark yellow with an orange note in it. A good Grasă de Cotnari should have a distinct bouquet of apricot, walnut and almond and should be drunk chilled at about 10-12 degrees Celsius.

The grape variety Grasa is similar to Kövérszőlő, a grape cultivar grown in Tokaj, Hungary and both of them can be found in some areas in Alba county, supporting the thesis that they share common roots.[4] In fact, the two varieties are believed by some to be identical.[5]