Open Access Articles- Top Results for Gravlax


Gravlax on rye bread, garnished with pepper, lemon and dill
Alternative names Gravlax, gravad lax
Course Hors d'oeuvre
Place of origin Nordic countries
Main ingredients Raw salmon, salt, sugar, dill
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Gravlax served with eel pâté

Gravlax is a Nordic dish consisting of raw salmon, cured in salt, sugar, and dill. Gravlax is usually served as an appetizer, sliced thinly and accompanied by hovmästarsås (literally steward sauce, also known as gravlaxsås), a dill and mustard sauce, either on bread of some kind, or with boiled potatoes.


During the Middle Ages, gravlax was made by fishermen, who salted the salmon and lightly fermented it by burying it in the sand above the high-tide line. The word gravlax comes from the Scandinavian word grava ("to dig"; modern sense "to cure (fish)") which goes back to the Proto-Germanic *grabą, *grabō ("hole in the ground; ditch, trench; grave") and the Indo-European root *ghrebh- "to dig, to scratch, to scrape",[1] and lax/laks, "salmon".

Today fermentation is no longer used in the production process. Instead the salmon is "buried" in a dry marinade of salt, sugar, and dill, and cured for a few days. As the salmon cures, by the action of osmosis, the moisture turns the dry cure into a highly concentrated brine, which can be used in Scandinavian cooking as part of a sauce.[2] This same method of curing can be employed for any fatty fish, but salmon is the most commonly used.

Gravlax can be cured with salt, dill,[3] beetroot,[4] and is often eaten on rye bread.[5][6]

See also


  1. ^ Svenska Akademiens ordbok, "grav", column G851; "grava column G868; and [
  2. ^ (Ruhlman 2005, pp. 51–52)
  3. ^ "Gravlax Cured With Dill". 
  4. ^ "Gravlax Cured With Dill". 
  5. ^ "Gravlax Cured With Dill on Rye Bread". 
  6. ^ "Gravlax Cured With Beetroot on Rye Bread". 


  • Ruhlman, M.; Polcyn, B. (2005), Charcuterie (1st ed.), New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company .

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