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Greater Buenos Aires

Not to be confused with the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, the core city of Greater Buenos Aires.
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Gran Buenos Aires
Greater Buenos Aires
Satellite image of Greater Buenos Aires at night
Satellite image of Greater Buenos Aires at night
Country

23x15px Argentina


Cities List of cities in Greater Buenos Aires
Area
 • Metro 3,830 km2 (1,480 sq mi)
Population (INDEC 2010 Census[1]) 12,801,365 (24 partidos, plus Federal District)
 • Metro 13,641,973 (including partidos not yet conurbated)
 • Metro density 3,342.39/km2 (8,656.8/sq mi)

Greater Buenos Aires (Spanish: Gran Buenos Aires; GBA) is the urban agglomeration comprising the autonomous city of Buenos Aires and the adjacent 24 partidos (municipalities) over the Province of Buenos Aires. Thus, it does not constitute a single administrative unit. The conurbation spreads south, west and north of Buenos Aires city. To the east, the River Plate serves as a natural boundary.

Urban sprawl, especially between 1945 and 1980, created a vast conurbation of 9,910,282 inhabitants in the 24 conurbated partidos, as of 2010, and a total of 12,801,365 including the City of Buenos Aires, a third of the total population of Argentina and generating more than half of country's GDP.

History

The term Gran Buenos Aires ("Greater Buenos Aires") was first officially used in 1948, when Governor of Buenos Aires Province Domingo Mercante signed a bill delineating as such an area covering 14 counties surrounding the City of Buenos Aires.[2] The term is also related to other expressions that are not necessarily well-defined: the "Buenos Aires' conurbation" (Conurbano Bonaerense), the "Greater Buenos Aires Agglomeration" (Aglomerado Gran Buenos Aires), and the "Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires" (Área Metropolitana Buenos Aires, AMBA).

Definition

Greater Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires, city and vicinities, Landsat 8 satellite image.

The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC) has defined Greater Buenos Aires.[3] There are three main groups within the Buenos Aires' Conurbation. The first two groups (24 partidos) comprise the traditional conurbation, or the "conurbation proper". The third group of six partidos is in process of becoming fully integrated with the rest.

Fourteen fully urbanized partidos
Ten partidos partially urbanized
Six partidos not yet conurbated

As urbanization continues and the conurbation grows, six additional partially urbanized partidos now are fully connected with the conurbation:

Rank Partido Seat 2010 Census[4] % growth from
2001 Census
[4]
* Buenos Aires 2,890,151 4.1
1 La Matanza San Justo 1,775,816 41.5
2 Lomas de Zamora Lomas de Zamora 616,279 4.2
3 Quilmes Quilmes 582,943 12.4
4 Almirante Brown Adrogué 552,902 7.2
5 Merlo Merlo 528,494 12.4
6 Lanús Lanús 459,263 1.4
7 Moreno Moreno 452,505 18.9
8 Florencio Varela Florencio Varela 426,005 22.1
9 General San Martín San Martín 414,196 2.8
10 Tigre Tigre 376,381 25.0
11 Avellaneda Avellaneda 342,677 4.2
12 Tres de Febrero Caseros 340,071 1.1
13 Berazategui Berazategui 324,344 12.6
14 Malvinas Argentinas Los Polvorines 322,375 10.9
15 Morón Morón 321,109 3.8
16 Esteban Echeverría Monte Grande 300,959 23.4
17 San Isidro San Isidro 292,878 0.5
18 San Miguel San Miguel 276,190 9.1
19 Vicente López Olivos 269,420 -1.7
20 José C. Paz José C. Paz 265,981 15.5
21 Hurlingham Hurlingham 181,241 5.2
22 Ituzaingó Ituzaingó 167,824 6.1
23 Ezeiza Ezeiza 163,722 37.8
24 San Fernando San Fernando 163,240 8.0

List of cities in Greater Buenos Aires

File:GREATER BA RAIL NETWORK-b.png
Greater Buenos Aires Metropolitan Rail Network.
Rank City District Partido 2001 Census[5]
1 Buenos Aires 23x15px 2,776,138
2 Merlo 23x15px Merlo 244,168
3 Quilmes 23x15px Quilmes 230,810
4 Banfield 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 223,898
5 José Clemente Paz 23x15px José Clemente Paz 216,637
6 Lanús 23x15px Lanús 212,152
7 Gregorio de Laferrère 23x15px La Matanza 175,670
8 Hurlingham 23x15px Hurlingham 174,165
9 Berazategui 23x15px Berazategui 167,498
10 González Catán 23x15px La Matanza 163,815
11 San Miguel 23x15px San Miguel 157,532
12 Moreno 23x15px Moreno 148,290
13 San Fernando 23x15px San Fernando 145,165
14 Isidro Casanova 23x15px La Matanza 131,981
15 Bernal 23x15px Quilmes 130,790
16 Florencio Varela 23x15px Florencio Varela 120,678
17 Avellaneda 23x15px Avellaneda 112,980[6]
18 Lomas de Zamora 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 111,897
19 Temperley 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 111,160
20 Monte Grande 23x15px Esteban Echeverría 109,644
21 San Justo 23x15px La Matanza 105,274
22 Ituzaingó 23x15px Ituzaingó 104,712
23 Castelar 23x15px Morón 104,019
24 Rafael Castillo 23x15px La Matanza 103,992
25 Libertad 23x15px Merlo 100,324
26 Ramos Mejía 23x15px La Matanza 97,076
27 Ezeiza 23x15px Ezeiza 93,246
28 Morón 23x15px Morón 92,725
29 Caseros 23x15px Tres de Febrero 90,313
30 Parque San Martín 23x15px Merlo 89,073
31 Burzaco 23x15px Almirante Brown 86,113
32 Grand Bourg 23x15px Malvinas Argentinas 85,189
33 Monte Chingolo 23x15px Lanús 85,060
34 San Francisco Solano 23x15px Quilmes
Almirante Brown
81,707
35 Remedios de Escalada 23x15px Lanús 81,465
36 La Tablada 23x15px La Matanza 80,389
37 Ciudad Madero 23x15px La Matanza 75,582
38 Olivos 23x15px Vicente López 75,527
39 El Palomar 23x15px Morón
Tres de Febrero
74,757
40 Boulogne Sur Mer 23x15px San Isidro 73,496
41 Ciudadela 23x15px Tres de Febrero 73,155
42 Ezpeleta 23x15px Quilmes 72,557
43 Ciudad Evita 23x15px La Matanza 68,650
44 Bella Vista 23x15px San Miguel 67,936
45 Wilde 23x15px Avellaneda 65,881
46 Martínez 23x15px San Isidro 65,859
47 Don Torcuato 23x15px Tigre 64,867
48 Gerli 23x15px Avellaneda
Lanús
64,640
49 Ciudad Jardín 23x15px Tres de Febrero 61,780
50 Sarandí 23x15px Avellaneda 60,752
51 Villa Tesei 23x15px Hurlingham 60,165
52 Florida 23x15px Vicente López 59,844
53 Villa Domínico 23x15px Avellaneda 58,824
54 Béccar 23x15px San Isidro 58,811
55 Glew 23x15px Almirante Brown 57,878
56 Rafael Calzada 23x15px Almirante Brown 56,419
57 Mariano Acosta 23x15px Merlo 54,081
58 Los Polvorines 23x15px Malvinas Argentinas 53,354
59 Lomas del Mirador 23x15px La Matanza 51,488
60 Villa Centenario 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 49,737
61 William Morris 23x15px Hurlingham 48,916
62 Longchamps 23x15px Almirante Brown 47,622
63 San Isidro 23x15px San Isidro 45,190
64 Villa Adelina 23x15px Vicente López 44,587
65 San José 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 44,437
66 Villa de Mayo 23x15px Malvinas Argentinas 43,405
67 General Pacheco 23x15px Tigre 43,287
68 Villa Fiorito 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 42,904
69 Paso del Rey 23x15px Moreno 41,775
70 Llavallol 23x15px Lomas de Zamora 41,463
71 Tortuguitas 23x15px Malvinas Argentinas
José C. Paz
41,310
72 Claypole 23x15px Almirante Brown 41,176
73 Valentín Alsina 23x15px Lanús 41,155
74 Virreyes 23x15px San Fernando 39,507
75 Victoria 23x15px San Fernando 39,447
76 Pablo Nogués 23x15px Malvinas Argentinas 38,470
77 Haedo 23x15px Morón 38,068
78 San Antonio de Padua 23x15px Merlo 37,775
79 Munro 23x15px Vicente López 35,844
80 Villa Ballester 23x15px San Martín 35,301
81 Pontevedra 23x15px Merlo 33,515
82 Villa Udaondo 23x15px Ituzaingó 31,490
83 Villa La Florida 23x15px Quilmes 31,268
84 Tigre 23x15px Tigre 31,106
85 San Martín 23x15px San Martín 28,339
86 Adrogué 23x15px Almirante Brown 28,265
87 Tristán Suárez 23x15px Ezeiza 27,746
88 Muñiz 23x15px San Miguel 26,221
89 Villa Martelli 23x15px Vicente López 26,059
90 Villa Bosch 23x15px Tres de Febrero 24,702
91 Villa Maipú 23x15px San Martín 24,447
92 Vicente López 23x15px Vicente López 24,078
93 Don Bosco 23x15px Quilmes 20,876
94 Billinghurst 23x15px San Martín 19,138
95 Martín Coronado 23x15px Tres de Febrero 19,121
96 Villa Sarmiento 23x15px Morón 17,737
97 Ranelagh 23x15px Berazategui 15,262
98 Tapiales 23x15px La Matanza 15,148
99 Aldo Bonzi 23x15px La Matanza 13,410

[7][8]

Gallery


References

Further reading

  • Buzai, G.D. and Marcos, M. (2012). "The social map of Greater Buenos Aires as empirical evidence of urban models". Journal of Latin American Geography. Volume 11 Number 1, pp. 67–78, DOI 10.1353/lag.2012.0012
  • Keeling, D. (1996). Buenos Aires: Global Dreams, Local Crisis. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.