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Greek Basket League

Main article: Basketball in Greece
Greek Basket League
Current season, competition or edition:
31px 2014–15 Greek Basket League
150px
Sport Basketball
Founded 1927
CEO Giorgos Chalvatzakis
Inaugural season 1927–28
No. of teams 14
Country 23x15px Greece
Continent 23x15px FIBA Europe (Europe)
Most recent champion(s) Panathinaikos (34th title)
Most titles Panathinaikos (34 titles)
TV partner(s) OTE Sport
Nova Sports
Level on pyramid 1st Tier (Greece)
Relegation to Greek A2 Basketball League - 2nd Tier
Domestic cup(s) Greek Cup
Official website Esake.gr Invalid language code.
Esake.gr Invalid language code.
Live Match Center Invalid language code.
File:HEBA Logo2.jpg
The league's official HEBA logo.
File:Greek Basket League Logo.jpg
The Greek Basket League's alternate logo.

The Greek Basket League (GBL), often referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship, is the 1st tier professional basketball league in Greece. It is run by HEBA (Greek: ΕΣΑΚΕ). The league is also known as the Greek Basket League Scratch (Greek: Σκρατς) for sponsorship reasons.

It is ranked as one of the top 3 level national domestic leagues in European basketball by the European national basketball league rankings. It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, and the top 8 teams then competing in the playoffs. The first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927–28 season.

History

Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1910. By the 1927–28 season, the first official championship began. There have been four different official championship eras. The first era was the Panhellenic Championship (Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα), which lasted from the 1927–28 to 1962–63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963–64 season, when the A National Category (Α' Εθνική Κατηγορία) was founded.

In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.) took over the duties of overseeing the competition, and did so until the year 1992. The third era of the championship existed between the 1986–87 and 1991–92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), with a regular season and playoffs, and the second division A2 National Category (Α2 Εθνική Κατηγορία) were formed. The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992–93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA) took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1 (ΕΣΑΚΕ Α1). The league was then renamed to Greek Basket League, starting with the 2010-11 season.

The Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, and it was widely regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It currently ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world (excluding the NBA), such as Liga ACB in Spain and VTB United League (counts as the domestic league for Russian clubs). It is considered one of the top 3 European national domestic leagues under the European national basketball league rankings. The league has several great powers which belong to the most traditional European basketball clubs, especially the Euroleague giants Panathinaikos and Olympiacos. Other clubs that have had significant successes throughout the history of Greek basketball are AEK and Aris. Along with PAOK, the aforementioned clubs are the most successful and widely supported in Greece.

Despite the championship having been contested 74 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far. The dominating club has always been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 34 times. Since the foundation of the A National Category in the 1963–64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition, Panathinaikos and Aris.

Promotion and relegation

The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992–93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA). 28 pro Greek basketball teams are split into two different divisions. The first division championship, which is called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship, and the second division championship, which is called the "A2", in which 14 teams compete for the second division crown. The bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance.

Arena standards

Currently, Greek clubs must play their home games in arenas that seat at least 1,000 people in order to play Greek domestic league matches. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they primarily use. One for domestic Greek League matches, and one for European-wide matches.

Greek clubs that play in the Euroleague or the Eurocup, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues. Currently, a 5,000 seat arena minimum for the Euroleague, and a 3,000 seat arena minimum for the Eurocup.

Current clubs

The clubs for the 2014–15 season:

Club Position
2013–14
Greek League Arena Capacity Euroleague/Eurocup Arena* Capacity
AEK
1st (A2)
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi <center>19,250 OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi <center>19,250
Nea Kifisia <center>5th Zirineio Indoor Hall, Kifisia <center>1,500 <center>
Apollon Patras <center>8th Apollon Patras Indoor Hall, Patras <center>3,500 Apollon Patras Indoor Hall, Patras <center>3,500
Aris <center>7th Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki <center>5,500[1] Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki <center>5,500
KAOD <center>6th Drama Indoor Hall, Drama <center>1,700 <center>
Kolossos <center>10th Venetoklio Indoor Hall, Rhodes <center>1,700 <center>
Koroivos <center>2nd (A2) Amaliada Indoor Hall, Koroivos <center>2,500 <center>
Olympiacos <center>2nd Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus <center>12,000 Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus <center>12,000
Panathinaikos <center>1st OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi <center>19,250 OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi <center>19,250
Panelefsiniakos <center>12th Elefsina Indoor Hall, Eleusis <center>1,100 Peristeri Indoor Hall, Peristeri <center>4,000
Panionios <center>4th Nea Smyrni Indoor Hall, Nea Smyrni <center>2,000 Hellinicon Olympic Arena, Elliniko <center>15,000
PAOK <center>3rd PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia <center>8,500[2] PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia <center>8,500
Rethymno Aegean <center>9th Rethymno Indoor Hall, Rethymno <center>1,600 <center>
Trikala <center>11th Trikala Indoor Hall, Trikala <center>2,500 <center>

Championship history

  • 1927–28 to 1962–63  Panhellenic Championship
  • 1963–64 to 1985–86  A National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92  A1 National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10  HEBA A1
  • 2010–11 to present  Greek Basket League

Title holders

Performance by club

Titles Club Years
34 20px Panathinaikos 1945–46, 1946–47, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2013–14
10 20px Olympiacos 1948–49, 1959–60, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2011–12
20px Aris 1929–30, 1978–79, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91
8 20px AEK 1957–58, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1969–70, 2001–02
6 20px Panellinios 1928–29, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1956–57
2 20px Iraklis 1927–28, 1934–35
20px PAOK 1958–59, 1991–92
1 20px Near East 1935–36
20px Athens University 1936–37

A1 Finals

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage 1st of Regular Season Record
<center>1986–87 Aris <center>3–0 Panionios Aris <center>18–0
<center>1987–88 Aris <center>3–0 PAOK Aris <center>18–0
<center>1988–89 Aris <center>3–1 PAOK Aris <center>17–1
<center>1989–90 Aris <center>20–2
<center>1990–91 Aris <center>4–2 PAOK Aris <center>20–2
<center>1991–92 PAOK <center>4–1 Olympiacos PAOK <center>20–2
<center>1992–93 Panathinaikos <center>1–3 Olympiacos PAOK <center>22–4
<center>1993–94 Olympiacos <center>3–2 PAOK Olympiacos <center>22–4
<center>1994–95 Olympiacos <center>3–2 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>24–2
<center>1995–96 Olympiacos <center>3–2 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>24–2
<center>1996–97 Olympiacos <center>3–1 AEK Olympiacos <center>21–5
<center>1997–98 Panathinaikos <center>3–2 PAOK Panathinaikos <center>21–5
<center>1998–99 Olympiacos <center>2–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>21–5
<center>1999–00 Panathinaikos <center>3–0 PAOK Olympiacos <center>21–5
<center>2000–01 Panathinaikos <center>3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos <center>22–4
<center>2001–02 AEK <center>3–2 Olympiacos AEK <center>23–3
<center>2002–03 Panathinaikos <center>3–1 AEK Panathinaikos <center>21–5
<center>2003–04 Panathinaikos <center>3–0 Maroussi Panathinaikos <center>22–4
<center>2004–05 Panathinaikos <center>3–1 AEK Panathinaikos <center>22–4
<center>2005–06 Panathinaikos <center>3–0 Olympiacos Panathinaikos <center>24–2
<center>2006–07 Panathinaikos <center>3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos <center>24–2
<center>2007–08 Panathinaikos <center>3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos <center>23–3
<center>2008–09 Olympiacos <center>1–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>25–1
<center>2009–10 Panathinaikos <center>3–1 Olympiacos Panathinaikos <center>25–1
<center>2010–11 Olympiacos <center>1–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>26–0
<center>2011–12 Olympiacos <center>3–2 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>23–1
<center>2012–13 Olympiacos <center>0–3 Panathinaikos Olympiacos <center>25–1
<center>2013–14 Panathinaikos <center>3–2 Olympiacos Panathinaikos <center>25–1

A1 finals participation by Club

Club W L Total
20px Panathinaikos <center>15 <center>4 <center>19
20px Olympiacos <center>6 <center>12 <center>18
20px Aris <center>4 <center>0 <center>4
20px PAOK <center>1 <center>6 <center>7
20px AEK <center>1 <center>3 <center>4
20px Panionios <center>0 <center>1 <center>1
20px Maroussi <center>0 <center>1 <center>1

Number of seasons in the A and A1 National Categories by club (1963–64 - 2014–15)

The number of times that clubs participated in the top A National Category, while it existed from the 1963–64 season to the 1985–86 season. As well as the number of times that clubs have participated in the top A1 National Category, since it began with the 1986–87 season. Only two clubs, Panathinaikos and Aris, have played in the top division every year since its formation.

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: A National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: A1 National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA A1
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
<center>Panathinaikos <center>52
<center>Aris <center>52
<center>PAOK <center>51
<center>AEK <center>49
<center>Olympiacos <center>49
<center>Panionios <center>44
<center>Iraklis <center>41
<center>Sporting <center>31
<center>Panellinios <center>30
<center>Apollon Patras <center>30
<center>Maroussi <center>24
<center>Peristeri <center>22
<center>Pagrati <center>17
<center>Larissa <center>16
<center>HANTH <center>12
<center>Ionikos Nikaias <center>12
<center>Kolossos <center>9
<center>Dimokritos <center>9
<center>Dafni <center>8
<center>Irakleio <center>8
<center>Ilysiakos <center>8
Club Times
<center>Near East <center>7
<center>Papagou <center>7
<center>Olympia <center>6
<center>Makedonikos <center>6
<center>Esperos <center>6
<center>Kavala <center>5
<center>KAOD <center>5
<center>Rethymno Aegean <center>5
<center>VAO <center>5
<center>Ionikos NF <center>4
<center>Triton <center>4
<center>Amyntas <center>4
<center>Ikaros <center>4
<center>Panelefsiniakos <center>3
<center>Egaleo <center>3
<center>Aetos <center>3
<center>Trikala 2000 <center>2
<center>Olympias Patras <center>2
<center>Anatolia <center>2
<center>HAN Nikaias <center>2
Club Times
<center>Apollon Kalamarias <center>2
<center>Niki Volou <center>2
<center>Philippos <center>2
<center>Milonas <center>2
<center>Ambelokipi <center>2
<center>Peiraikos <center>2
<center>AENK <center>2
<center>Trikala Aries <center>2
<center>Koroivos <center>1
<center>MENT <center>1
<center>Pierikos <center>1

The best regular season records in the history of the A and A1 National Categories (1963–2011)

[3][4]

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: A National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: A1 National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA A1
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
1985–86 Aris <center>26-0 <center>0-0 <center>26-0 <center>Champion
1967–68 AEK <center>22-0 <center>0-0 <center>22-0 <center>Champion
1975–76 Olympiacos <center>22-0 <center>0-0 <center>22-0 <center>Champion
1986–87 Aris <center>18-0 <center>3-0 <center>21-0 <center>Champion
1987–88 Aris <center>18-0 <center>3-0 <center>21-0 <center>Champion
1979–80 Panathinaikos <center>16-0 <center>12-2 <center>28-2 <center>Champion
2010–11 Olympiacos <center>26-0 <center>6–3 <center>32–3 <center>Finalist
1984–85 Aris <center>25-1 <center>0-0 <center>25-1 <center>Champion
2009–10 Panathinaikos <center>25-1 <center>8-1 <center>33-2 <center>Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos <center>25-1 <center>6-3 <center>31-4 <center>Finalist

The best regular season records of the HEBA A1 (1992–2012)

Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
2010–11 Olympiacos <center>26–0 <center>6–3 <center>32–3 <center>Finalist
2009–10 Panathinaikos <center>25-1 <center>8-1 <center>33-2 <center>Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos <center>25-1 <center>6-3 <center>31-4 <center>Finalist
2011–12 Olympiacos <center>23–1 <center>8–2 <center>31–3 <center>Champion
2005–06 Panathinaikos <center>24-2 <center>8-0 <center>32-2 <center>Champion
2010–11 Panathinaikos <center>24-2 <center>8-1 <center>32-3 <center>Champion
2006–07 Panathinaikos <center>24-2 <center>8-2 <center>32-4 <center>Champion
1995–96 Olympiacos <center>24-2 <center>8-3 <center>31-5 <center>Champion
1994–95 Olympiacos <center>24-2 <center>Champion
1994–95 Panathinaikos <center>24-2 <center>Finalist

Greek basketball clubs in European-wide competitions

Euroleague

  • The years in which clubs from the Greek Basketball League competed in Europe's first tier continental-wide professional club basketball competition, the Euroleague:
Rank Club Appearances Years
<center>1. 20px Panathinaikos <center>35 1962, 1963, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001†, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
<center>2. 20px Olympiacos <center>26 1961, 1977, 1979, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
<center>3. 20px AEK <center>14 1959, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
<center>4. 20px Aris <center>11 1980, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 2007, 2008
<center>5. 20px PAOK <center>7 1960, 1993, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
<center>6. 20px Iraklis <center>2 1996, 2001†
<center>7. 20px Panionios <center>2 1997, 2009
<center>8. 20px Peristeri <center>2 2001, 2002
<center>9. 24px Panellinios <center>1 1958
<center>10. 20px Maroussi <center>1 2010
  • Panathinaikos has made 11 Euroleague Final Four appearances (with 12 top 4 place finishes), has played in the Euroleague Final 7 times, and has won the Euroleague championship 6 times. Olympiacos has made 9 Euroleague Final Four appearances, has played in the Euroleague Final 7 times, and has won the Euroleague championship three times. AEK Athens has made 3 Euroleague Final Four appearances and has played in the Euroleague Final once. PAOK has also played in the Euroleague Final Four once.
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
20px Panathinaikos 1995-96, 1999-00, 2001-02, 2006-07, 2008-09, 2010-11 2000-01 1971-72, 1993-94, 1994-95, 2004-05, 2011-12 1981-82*, 1996-97, 2005-06, 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15
20px Olympiacos 1996-97, 2011-12, 2012-13 1993-94, 1994-95, 2009-10, 2014-15 1998-99, 2008-09 1978-79*, 1992-93, 1995-96, 2000-01, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2010-11, 2013-14
20px AEK 1997-98 1965-66, 2000-01 1964-65
20px Aris 1987-88, 1988-89, 1989-90 1990-91
20px PAOK 1992-93

*Top 6 (semifinal group stage)

FIBA Saporta Cup

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 8 places of the now defunct Saporta Cup (1966-67 to 2001-02), which was the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
20px AEK 1967-68, 1999-00 1969-70 1971-72, 1988-89
20px PAOK 1990-91 1991-92, 1995-96 1989-90 1984-85
20px Aris 1992-93 1993-94, 1998-99
20px Maroussi 2000-01
20px Panathinaikos 1968-69, 1997-98 1979-80, 1983-84
20px Iraklis 1994-95, 1996-97 1999-00
20px Olympiacos 1975-76
20px Panionios 2001-02

FIBA Korać Cup

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 8 places of the now defunct Korać Cup (1971-72 to 2001-02), which was the third-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
20px Aris 1996-97 1984-85 1997-98
20px PAOK 1993-94
20px Panionios 1993-94, 1998–99 1989-90, 1992–93, 1994–95
20px Maroussi 2001-02 1999-00
20px Peristeri 1993-94, 1996–97, 1997–98

Eurocup

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 8 places of the Eurocup (2002-03 - present), which is the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
20px Aris 2005-06 2009-10
20px Makedonikos 2004-05
20px Panellinios 2009-10
20px Maroussi 2004-05
20px PAOK 2004-05

Awards, statistics & players

File:Νίκος Γκάλης.jpg
Nikos Galis, 11 seasons top scorer, 5 times MVP Award

Sponsors and supporters

See also

References

External links