Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Grigori Sokolnikov

Grigori Sokolnikov

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. colspan=2 style="text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.File:Sokolnikov grygory.JPG#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. colspan=2 style="text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Grigori Sokolnikov (1888-1939)
colspan=2 class="n" style="text-align: center; font-size: 132%;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Grigori Sokolnikov
colspan=2 style="background-color: lavender; text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. People's Commissar for Finance of the USSR

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-





#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.colspan=2 style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.In office
6 July 1923 – 16 January 1926 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-






style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Premier

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Vladimir Lenin (until 1924)
Alexei Rykov #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-









style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Preceded by

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. None—post created #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Succeeded by

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Nikolai Bryukhanov #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-


colspan=2 style="background-color: lavender; text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. People's Commissar for Finance of the RSFSR

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-





#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.colspan=2 style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.In office
22 November 1922 – 6 July 1923 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-






style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Premier

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Vladimir Lenin #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-









style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Preceded by

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Nikolay Krestinsky #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Succeeded by

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Myron K. Vladimirov #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-


colspan=2 style="background-color: lavender; text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Full member of the 6th, 7th Bureau

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-





#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.colspan=2 style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.In office
11 March – 25 March 1919 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-















#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-







#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.colspan=2 style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.In office
10 October 1917 – 29 July 1918 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-















#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-




colspan=2 style="background-color: lavender; text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Candidate member of the 13th Politburo

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-





#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.colspan=2 style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.In office
2 June 1924 – 1 January 1926 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-















#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-























#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

colspan=2 style="background-color: lavender; text-align: center" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Personal details
style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Born

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. (1888-08-15)15 August 1888
Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire

style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Died

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. 21 May 1939(1939-05-21) (aged 50)
Verkhneuralsk, Tyumen Oblast, Soviet Union

style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Political party

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. Bolshevik

Grigori Yakovlovich Sokolnikov (Russian: Григорий Яковлевич Сокольников; 1888–1939) was a Russian old Bolshevik revolutionary, economist, and Soviet politician.

Biography

Grigori Sokolnikov was born Girsh Yankelovich Brilliant (Гирш Я́нкелевич Бриллиа́нт) to a railway doctor in Romny on 15 August [O.S. 3 August] 1888. Sokolnikov was Jewish by birth.[1] He moved to Moscow as a teenager and joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1905. He served time in prison and studied economics whilst at the Sorbonne.

He returned to Russia in April 1917 along with Vladimir Lenin in the 'sealed train', and on arriving in Russia became part of the editorial board of the Bolshevik's central party organ.[2]

Grigori Sokolnikov was a member of the first legendary Politburo, with seven members: Lenin, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Trotsky, Stalin, Sokolnikov and Bubnov.[3] After the October Revolution, he held various government positions. He was a member of the delegation for peace negotiations with Germany (he replaced Leon Trotsky as chairman, and signed the Brest-Litovsk treaty in 1918). Later, alongside Rosalia Zemlyachka, he became commissar of the Eighth army, using this position to order mass shootings during the Russian Civil War.[4] He was appointed People's Commissar of Finance following the introduction of the New Economic Policy and became a candidate member of the Politburo of the Communist Party in May 1924. According to Boris Bajanov, as minister of finance Sokolnikov proved himself to be a capable administrator, accomplishing every task he was asked to do such as creating the first stable Soviet currency. Bajanov also notes that despite Sokolnikov's past in the Red Army, he was not ruthless in his personality. Privately, Sokolnikov lost faith in the Soviet Union under Stalin and later described the Soviet economy as "state capitalist".[5] He was removed from his position in the Sovnarkom (Council of People's Commissars) and demoted from the Politburo after calling for Joseph Stalin's removal as General Secretary of the Communist Party at the Fourteenth Congress of the Bolsheviks in December 1925. Sokolnikov was appointed instead as vice-chairman of Gosplan, the new economic planning agency (an appointment that carried cruel irony since Sokolnikov himself was a bitter opponent of heavy-handed centralzied planning) and later as head of an oil company. He was the Soviet ambassador to England from 1929-32.

During the Great Purge (1936–38), in 1937 Sokolnikov was arrested and tried at the Trial of the Seventeen and sentenced to ten years of imprisonment. Reportedly, he was killed in a prison by other convicts on May 21, 1939. A post-Stalin investigation during the Khrushchev Thaw revealed that the murder was orchestrated by the NKVD. In 1988, during perestroika, he was rehabilitated along with many other victims of the Great Purge.

References

  1. ^ http://www.hrono.ru/biograf/bio_s/sokolnikov_g.php
  2. ^ Trotsky, L. 'A New Moscow Amalgam' in "Writings of Leon Trotsky (1936-37)", pg.120, Pathfinder, New York
  3. ^ Dmitri Volkogonov, Lenin. A New Biography, translated and edited by Harold Shukman (New York: The Free Press, 1994), p. 185.
  4. ^ Boris Bajanov, Bajanov révèle Staline, Gallimard, 1979
  5. ^ http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1925/12/18.htm
  • Soviet Policy in Public Finance, 1917–1928, by Gregory Y. Sokolnikov & Associates; translated by Elena Varneck, edited by Lincoln Hutchinson & Carl C. Plehn. Stanford University Press. 1931.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Nikolai Krestinsky
People's Commissar for Finance
1922–1926
Succeeded by
Nikolai Bryukhanov

Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).