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Großes Torpedoboot 1913-class torpedo boat

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German torpedo boats in US after World War I. First ship on left is V-43 of the Großes Torpedoboot 1913 class]

<tr style="vertical-align:top;"> <th colspan="2" height="30pt" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Class overview</th> </tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Operators:</td><td> 22x20px Kaiserliche Marine</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Planned:</td><td> 71</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Completed:</td><td> 71</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Lost:</td><td> 62</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Scrapped:</td><td> 6</td></tr> <tr> <th colspan="2" height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">General characteristics </th></tr>Template:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramline

The Großes Torpedoboot 1913 class ("Large torpedo boat 1913") torpedo boat was a class of torpedo boat built for the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine). It was the largest class ever built for the High Seas Fleet, consisting of 71 ships.[1] Of the class, 32 were sunk during World War I, several to mines in the North Sea and Baltic Sea. Of those that survived the war 29 were scuttled with the German fleet at Scapa Flow, one was destroyed by a mine on the way there, four were given to Britain and were not scuttled while one was given to Italy and France.[2]

Design

The Großes Torpedoboot 1913 class was different from its predecessors, the Großes Torpedoboot 1911 class, in a number of ways. Firstly, it was enlarged from Script error: No such module "convert". at the waterline (Script error: No such module "convert". length overall)[3] to Script error: No such module "convert". at the waterline (and Script error: No such module "convert". overall).[4] The ships of the class were the first German torpedo boats to be powered purely by oil (earlier ships used a mixture of oil and coal) which resulted in greatly increased performance.[5] Also the ships were modified with an additional Script error: No such module "convert". gun, and twice the number of torpedo tubes.[6] Some were modified to carry floatplanes.[6]

The 8.8 cm guns on these vessels could be depressed to -10° and raised to 25°.[7] At maximum elevation, the gun could fire a Script error: No such module "convert". high explosive shell a distance of Script error: No such module "convert". at a muzzle velocity of Script error: No such module "convert". and at a rate of 15 rounds per minute. Each ship carried about 150 rounds per gun.[7] The ships also carried six Script error: No such module "convert". torpedo tubes and 12-24 mines.[4]

The ships were manned by 83 to 87 crewmen. Each ship displaced Script error: No such module "convert". had a beam of Script error: No such module "convert". and a draught of Script error: No such module "convert"..[4]

Ships

The ships were numbered according to the yard which built them. There were minor differences between each yard series, so some references list each such series as a separate type.[5] Strictly speaking, the 1913 series consisted only of V25 to V30 and S31 to S36 ships, but the later ones listed here were quite similar, though increasing in displacement. The German practice in peacetime was to build one flotilla of similar ships per fiscal year, hence the name 1913 series. Later ships belonged to 1914 series and so on. During the war the armament of most of these ships was upgraded, with 8.8 cm guns replaced with 10.5 cm guns.[5]

Service history

Due to the British naval blockade of Germany, most of the ships did not see any service, although some participated in the Battle of Jutland.[2] V-43 was scuttled at Scapa Flow but later raised and repaired. She was taken over by the US Navy and commissioned for a brief period in 1920, then sunk as target on 15 July 1921.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Torpedoboats". Kriegsmarine. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Emmerich (2010). "Großes Torpedoboot 1913 ships". German Naval History. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Michael Emmerich. "Technical data of the Großes Torpedoboot 1911 class". German Naval History. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Emmerich, M (2003). "Großes Torpedoboot 1913 class Technical data". German Naval History. Retrieved 9 May 2010. referencing "Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 Band 2: Torpedoboote, Zerstörer, Schnellboote, Minensuchboote, Mineneräumboote" (Gröner, Erich; Bernard & Graefe Verlag 1999) 
  5. ^ a b c Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921 (Google Books page)
  6. ^ a b Emmerich. "Großes Torpedoboot 1913 History". German Naval History. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "German 8.8 cm/45". navweaps.com. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships". US Navy. Ships History Branch. Retrieved 26 May 2010.