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Group of 77

The Group of 77 at the United Nations is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.[1] There were 77 founding members of the organization, but by November 2013 the organization had since expanded to 134 member countries.[2]

South Africa holds the Chairmanship for 2015.

The group was founded on June 15, 1964, by the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).[3] The first major meeting was in Algiers in 1967, where the Charter of Algiers was adopted and the basis for permanent institutional structures was begun. There are Chapters of the Group of 77 in Rome (FAO), Vienna (UNIDO), Paris (UNESCO), Nairobi (UNEP) and the Group of 24 in Washington, D.C. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank).

Members

As of 2015, the group comprises all of UN members (along with the Palestinian Authority) – excluding the following:

  1. All members of the Council of Europe (with the exception of Bosnia and Herzegovina);
  2. All members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (with the exception of Chile);
  3. All (full) members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (with the exception of Tajikistan);
  4. Two Pacific microstates: Palau and Tuvalu.

On the map, founding and currently participating members (as of 2008) are shown in dark green, while founding members that have since left the organization are shown in light green. Currently participating members that joined after the foundation of the Group are shown in medium green.

File:G 77.svg
Group of 77 countries as of 2008

Member nations are listed below. The years in parenthesis represent the year/s a country has presided. Countries listed in bold are also members of the G-24. See the official list of G-77 members.

Current founding members

  1. 23x15px Afghanistan
  2. 23x15px Algeria (1981–1982, 1994, 2009, 2012)
  3. 23x15px Argentina (2011)
  4. 23x15px Benin
  5. 23x15px Bolivia (1990)
  6. 23x15px Brazil
  7. 23x15px Burkina Faso
  8. 23x15px Cambodia
  9. 23x15px Cameroon
  10. 23x15px Central African Republic
  11. 23x15px Chad
  12. 23x15px Chile
  13. 23x15px Colombia (1992)
  14. 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)
  15. 23x15px Congo (Brazzaville)
  16. 23x15px Costa Rica (1996)
  17. 23x15px Cuba
  18. 23x15px Dominican Republic
  19. 23x15px Ecuador
  20. 23x15px Egypt (1972–1973, 1984–1985)
  21. 23x15px El Salvador
  22. 23x15px Ethiopia
  23. 23x15px Gabon
  24. 23x15px Ghana (1991)
  1. 23x15px Guatemala (1987)
  2. 23x15px Guinea
  3. Template:Country data Haiti
  4. Template:Country data Honduras
  5. Template:Country data India (1970–1971, 1979–1980)
  6. Template:Country data Indonesia (1998)
  7. Template:Country data Iran (1973–1974, 2001)
  8. Template:Country data Iraq
  9. Template:Country data Jamaica (1977–1978, 2005)
  10. Template:Country data Jordan
  11. Template:Country data Kenya
  12. Template:Country data Kuwait
  13. 23x15px Laos
  14. 23x15px Lebanon
  15. 23x15px Liberia
  16. 23x15px Libya
  17. 23x15px Madagascar (1975–1976)
  18. 23x15px Malaysia (1989)
  19. 23x15px Mali
  20. 23x15px Mauritania
  21. 23x15px Morocco (2003)
  22. 23x15px Myanmar
  23. File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal
  24. 23x15px Nicaragua
  1. 23x15px Niger
  2. 23x15px Nigeria (2000)
  3. 23x15px Pakistan (1976–1977, 1992, 2007)
  4. 23x15px Panama
  5. 23x15px Paraguay
  6. 23x15px Peru (1971–1972)
  7. 23x15px Philippines (1995)
  8. 23x15px Rwanda
  9. 23x15px Saudi Arabia
  10. 23x15px Senegal
  11. 23x15px Sierra Leone
  12. 23x15px Somalia
  13. 23x15px Sri Lanka
  14. 23x15px Sudan (2009)
  15. 23x15px Syria
  16. 23x15px Tanzania (1997)
  17. 23x15px Thailand
  18. 23x15px Togo
  19. 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago
  20. 23x15px Tunisia (1978–1979, 1988)
  21. 23x15px Uganda
  22. 23x15px Uruguay
  23. 23x15px Venezuela (1980–1981, 2002)
  24. 23x15px Vietnam
  25. 23x15px Yemen (2010)

Other current members

  1. 23x15px Angola
  2. 23x15px Antigua and Barbuda (2008)
  3. 23x15px Bahamas
  4. 23x15px Bahrain
  5. 23x15px Bangladesh (1982–1983)
  6. 23x15px Barbados
  7. 23x15px Belize
  8. 23x15px Bhutan
  9. 23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina
  10. 23x15px Botswana
  11. 23x15px Brunei
  12. 23x15px Burundi
  13. 23x15px Cape Verde
  14. 23x15px China
  15. 23x15px Comoros
  16. 23x15px Ivory Coast
  17. 23x15px Djibouti
  18. 23x15px Dominica
  19. 23x15px Equatorial Guinea
  20. 23x15px Eritrea
  1. 23x15px Fiji
  2. 23x15px Gambia
  3. 23x15px Grenada
  4. 23x15px Guinea-Bissau
  5. 23x15px Guyana (1999)
  6. Template:Country data Kiribati
  7. 23x15px Lesotho
  8. 23x15px Malawi
  9. 23x15px Maldives
  10. 23x15px Marshall Islands
  11. 23x15px Mauritius
  12. 23x15px Micronesia
  13. 23x15px Mongolia
  14. 23x15px Mozambique
  15. 23x15px Namibia
  16. Template:Country data North Korea
  17. 23x15px Nauru
  18. 23x15px Oman
  19. 23x15px Palestine
  20. 23x15px Papua New Guinea
  1. 23x15px Qatar
  2. 23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis
  3. 23x15px Saint Lucia
  4. 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  5. 23x15px Samoa
  6. 23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe
  7. 23x15px Seychelles
  8. 23x15px Singapore
  9. 23x15px Solomon Islands
  10. 23x15px South Africa (2006)
  11. 23x15px South Sudan
  12. 23x15px Suriname
  13. 23x15px Swaziland
  14. 23x15px Tajikistan
  15. 23x15px Timor-Leste
  16. 23x15px Tonga
  17. 23x15px Turkmenistan
  18. 23x15px United Arab Emirates
  19. 23x15px Vanuatu
  20. 23x15px Zambia
  21. 23x15px Zimbabwe

Former members

File:G77presidingcountries.png
Presiding countries of the G-77 since 1970. Colors show the number of times a country has held the position. Yellow = once; orange = twice; red = thrice. Countries in grey are yet to hold the position.
  1. 23x15px New Zealand signed the original "Joint Declaration of the Developing Countries" in October 1963, but pulled out of the group before the formation of the G-77 in 1964 (it joined the OECD in 1973).
  2. 23x15px Mexico was a founding member, but left the Group after joining the OECD in 1994. It had presided over the group in 1973–1974, 1983–1984; however, it is still a member of G-24.
  3. Template:Country data South Korea was a founding member, but left the Group after joining the OECD in 1996.
  4. 23x15px South Vietnam was a founding member, but left the Group in 1975 when the North Vietnamese captured Saigon.
  5. 23x15px Yugoslavia was a founding member; by the late 1990s it was still listed on the membership list, but it was noted that it "cannot participate in the activities of G-77." It was removed from the list in late 2003.[citation needed] It had presided over the group in 1985–1986. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only part of former Yugoslavia that is currently in G-77.
  6. 23x15px Cyprus was a founding member, but was no longer listed on the official membership list after its accession to the EU in 2004.
  7. 23x15px Malta was admitted to the Group in 1976, but was no longer listed on the official membership list after its accession to the EU in 2004.
  8. 23x15px Palau joined the Group in 2002, but withdrew in 2004, having decided that it could best pursue its environmental interests through the Alliance of Small Island States.
  9. 23x15px Romania was admitted to the Group in 1976, but was no longer listed on the official membership list after its accession to the EU in 2007.

Group of 24

Main article: Group of 24
File:G24 nations.svg
G-24 countries.
  Member nations
  Observer nations

The Group of 24 (G-24) is a chapter of the G-77 that was established in 1971 to coordinate the positions of developing countries on international monetary and development finance issues and to ensure that their interests were adequately represented in negotiations on international monetary matters.

The Group of 24, which is officially called the Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development, is not an organ of the International Monetary Fund, but the IMF provides secretariat services for the Group. Its meetings usually take place twice a year, prior to the IMFC and Development Committee meetings, to enable developing country members to discuss agenda items beforehand.

Although membership in the G-24 is strictly limited to 24 countries, any member of the G-77 can join discussions (Mexico is the only G-24 member that is not a G-77 member, when it left the G-77 without resigning its G-24 membership). China has been a "special invitee" since the Gabon meetings of 1981. Naglaa El-Ehwany, Minister of International Cooperation, Egypt, is the current chairman of the G-24.

See also

References

External links