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Hîncești

Hîncești
Location within Moldova

Coordinates: 46°49′N 28°35′E / 46.817°N 28.583°E / 46.817; 28.583Coordinates: 46°49′N 28°35′E / 46.817°N 28.583°E / 46.817; 28.583{{#coordinates:46|49|N|28|35|E|type:city(16900)_region:MD|| |primary |name=

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Country 23x15px Moldova
County Hîncești District
Government
 • Mayor Alexandru Botnari, re-elected in 2007
Population (2012)
 • Total 16,900
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +373 269

Hîncești (Romanian pronunciation: [hɨnˈt͡ʃeʃtʲ]) is a city in Moldova, also written without diacritics as "Hincesti" (Cyrillic: Хынчешть).

Hîncești is situated on the Cogalnic River, Script error: No such module "convert". southwest of the Moldovan capital, Chișinău. Since 2003 it has been the seat of Raionul Hîncești (Hîncești District).

History

Hîncești was established in 1500 AD as Dobreni.[1] [2] Within the Russian Empire it was known under the Russified name Gincheshty (Гинчешты), but in Romanian Hîncești. In 1940 the name was changed to Kotovskoe after Grigore Kotovski, who was born there. But from 1941 to 1944 it was again known as Hîncești. From 1945 to 1965 it was called Kotovskoe, which in 1965 was changed to Kotovsk. Since 1990 it is again called Hîncești.

Hîncești was the home of Saint Parminu.[citation needed]

Demographics

In 1890 Hîncești had 3,098 people. By 1970 the population was 14.3 thousand, and by 1991, 19.3 thousand. At the 2006 census it had 19.5 thousand residents.

Education

There are four Lyceum (junior colleges) in Hîncești:

  • Mihai Viteazul Lyceum
  • M. Lomonosov Lyceum
  • Mihai Sadoveanu Lyceum
  • M. Eminescu Lyceum

Notable citizens

  • Leonid Abramovich Anulov (1897–1974), a Soviet intelligence officer, organizer of clandestine intelligence networks (the so-called "Red Orchestra") in Switzerland.
  • Grigory Ivanovich Kotowski (1881–1925), Soviet military leader and Communist activist.
  • Yankl Yankelevich (1905–1938), Jewish poet who wrote in Yiddish
  • Nadia Stiers (née Reznik) in 1903, communist millitant

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Drochia is twinned with:

External anchors

Notes

  1. ^ Not to be confused with Dobreni, Romania (Latitude: 44° 25' 0 N, Longitude: 25° 7' 0 E).
  2. ^ Viorel, Miron (2006) "Managementul resurselor turistice în mediul rural din Republica Moldova" p. 99, doctoral thesis, Economics Department, Universitatea Agrarǎ de Stat din Moldova, Chișinău, in Romanian