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HMS Gore (K481)

For other ships of the same name, see USS Herzog.
Not to be confused with HMS Goree.
HMS Gore (K481)
HMS Gore on 11 August 1944.

<tr> <th height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Career </th> <th style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">100x35px</th> </tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Name:</td><td> USS Herzog (DE-277)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Namesake:</td><td> U.S. Navy Lieutenant, junior grade, William Ralph Herzog (1909-1942), killed in action as commander of the Naval Armed Guard aboard SS Pan New York on 29 October 1942</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Ordered:</td><td> 25 January 1942[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Builder:</td><td> Boston Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Laid down:</td><td> 20 May 1943[2]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Launched:</td><td> 8 July 1943[2]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Completed:</td><td> 14 October 1943</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Commissioned:</td><td> never</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Fate:</td><td> Transferred to United Kingdom 14 October 1943</td></tr> <tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Acquired:</td><td> Returned by United Kingdom 2 May 1946</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Fate:</td><td> Sold 19 November 1946[2] or 10 June 1947[3] for scrapping</td></tr> <tr> <th height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Career (United Kingdom)</th> <th style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">Royal Navy Ensign</th> </tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Class and type:</td><td> Captain class frigate</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Name:</td><td> HMS Gore (K481)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Namesake:</td><td> Admiral John Gore (1772-1836), British naval officer who was commanding officer of HMS Triton from 1796 to 1801</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Acquired:</td><td> 14 October 1943</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Commissioned:</td><td> 14 October 1943[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Fate:</td><td> Returned to United States 2 May 1946</td></tr> <tr> <th colspan="2" height="30" style="background-color:#B0C4DE;text-align:center;vertical-align:middle;font-size:110%;">General characteristics </th></tr>Template:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramlineTemplate:Infobox ship characteristics/paramline

HMS Gore (K481) was a British Captain-class frigate of the Royal Navy in commission during World War II. Originally constructed as the United States Navy Evarts-class destroyer escort USS Herzog (DE-277), she served in the Royal Navy from 1943 to 1946.

Construction and transfer

The ship was ordered on 25 January 1942[1] and laid down as USS Herzog (DE-277), the first ship of the name, by the Boston Navy Yard in Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 May 1943. She was launched on 8 July 1943. The United States transferred her to the United Kingdom under Lend-Lease on 14 October 1943.

Service history

The ship was commissioned into service in the Royal Navy as HMS Gore (K481) under the command of Lieutenant John Vivian Reeves-Brown, RN, on 14 October 1943[1] simultaneously with her transfer. She served on patrol and escort duty.

On 26 February 1944, Gore joined the British frigates HMS Affleck (K462) and HMS Gould (K476) in a depth-charge attack that sank the German submarine U-91 in the North Atlantic Ocean at position 49°45′00″N 026°20′00″W / 49.75000°N 26.33333°W / 49.75000; -26.33333 (U-91 sunk){{#coordinates:49|45|00|N|026|20|00|W| | |name=U-91 sunk }}.[1]

On 29 February 1944, Gore was operating as part of the First Escort Group when she, Affleck, Gould, and the British frigate HMS Garlies (K475) detected the German submarine U-358 in the North Atlantic north-northeast of the Azores and began a depth-charge attack which continued through the night and into 1 March 1944, the four frigates dropping a combined 104 depth charges. Gore and Garlies were forced to withdraw to Gibraltar to refuel on 1 March, but Affleck and Gould continued to attack U-358. During the afternoon of 1 March, U-358 succeeded in torpedoing and sinking Gould at position 45°46′00″N 023°16′00″W / 45.76667°N 23.26667°W / 45.76667; -23.26667 (HMS Gould (K476) sunk){{#coordinates:45|46|00|N|023|16|00|W| | |name=HMS Gould (K476) sunk }}, but then was forced to surface after 38 hours submerged and was sunk by gunfire from Affleck at position 45°46′00″N 023°16′00″W / 45.76667°N 23.26667°W / 45.76667; -23.26667 (U-358 sunk){{#coordinates:45|46|00|N|023|16|00|W| | |name=U-358 sunk }}.[1][4]

The Royal Navy returned Gore to the U.S. Navy on 2 May 1946.

Disposal

The U.S. Navy sold Gore on either 19 November 1946[2] or 10 June 1947[3] (sources vary) for scrapping.

References

External links