Open Access Articles- Top Results for HOXA4


SymbolsHOXA4 ; HOX1; HOX1D
External IDsOMIM142953 MGI96176 HomoloGene37583 GeneCards: HOXA4 Gene
RNA expression pattern
File:PBB GE HOXA4 206289 at tn.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)NM_002141NM_008265
RefSeq (protein)NP_002132NP_032291
Location (UCSC)Chr 7:
27.17 – 27.17 Mb
Chr 6:
52.19 – 52.19 Mb
PubMed search[1][2]

Homeobox A4, also known as HOXA4, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the HOXA4 gene.[1][2]


In vertebrates, the genes encoding the class of transcription factors called homeobox genes are found in clusters named A, B, C, and D on four separate chromosomes.[3] Expression of these proteins is spatially and temporally regulated during embryonic development. This gene is part of the A cluster on chromosome 7 and encodes a DNA-binding transcription factor which may regulate gene expression, morphogenesis, and differentiation.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: HOXA4 homeobox A4". 
  2. ^ McAlpine PJ, Shows TB (July 1990). "Nomenclature for human homeobox genes". Genomics 7 (3): 460. PMID 1973146. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(90)90186-X. 
  3. ^ Scott MP (November 1992). "Vertebrate homeobox gene nomenclature". Cell 71 (4): 551–3. PMID 1358459. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(92)90588-4. 

Further reading

  • Scott MP (1992). "Vertebrate homeobox gene nomenclature.". Cell 71 (4): 551–3. PMID 1358459. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(92)90588-4. 
  • Buettner R, Yim SO, Hong YS et al. (1991). "Alteration of homeobox gene expression by N-ras transformation of PA-1 human teratocarcinoma cells.". Mol. Cell. Biol. 11 (7): 3573–83. PMC 361102. PMID 1675427. 
  • McAlpine PJ, Shows TB (1990). "Nomenclature for human homeobox genes.". Genomics 7 (3): 460. PMID 1973146. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(90)90186-X. 
  • Peverali FA, D'Esposito M, Acampora D et al. (1991). "Expression of HOX homeogenes in human neuroblastoma cell culture lines.". Differentiation 45 (1): 61–9. PMID 1981366. doi:10.1111/j.1432-0436.1990.tb00458.x. 
  • Ferguson-Smith AC, Fienberg A, Ruddle FH (1989). "Isolation, chromosomal localization, and nucleotide sequence of the human HOX 1.4 homeobox.". Genomics 5 (2): 250–8. PMID 2571574. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(89)90054-2. 
  • Boncinelli E, Acampora D, Pannese M et al. (1990). "Organization of human class I homeobox genes.". Genome 31 (2): 745–56. PMID 2576652. doi:10.1139/g89-133. 
  • Verlinsky Y, Morozov G, Gindilis V et al. (1995). "Homeobox gene expression in human oocytes and preembryos.". Mol. Reprod. Dev. 41 (2): 127–32. PMID 7654365. doi:10.1002/mrd.1080410202. 
  • Apiou F, Flagiello D, Cillo C et al. (1996). "Fine mapping of human HOX gene clusters.". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 73 (1-2): 114–5. PMID 8646877. doi:10.1159/000134320. 
  • Kuliev A, Kukharenko V, Morozov G et al. (1996). "Expression of homebox-containing genes in human preimplantation development and in embryos with chromosomal aneuploidies.". J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. 13 (2): 177–81. PMID 8688592. doi:10.1007/BF02072541. 
  • Duluc I, Lorentz O, Fritsch C et al. (1997). "Changing intestinal connective tissue interactions alters homeobox gene expression in epithelial cells.". J. Cell. Sci. 110 (11): 1317–24. PMID 9202392. 
  • Stelnicki EJ, Kömüves LG, Kwong AO et al. (1998). "HOX homeobox genes exhibit spatial and temporal changes in expression during human skin development.". J. Invest. Dermatol. 110 (2): 110–5. PMID 9457903. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.1998.00092.x. 
  • Verlinsky Y, Morozov G, Verlinsky O et al. (1998). "Isolation of cDNA libraries from individual human preimplantation embryos.". Mol. Hum. Reprod. 4 (6): 571–5. PMID 9665340. doi:10.1093/molehr/4.6.571. 
  • "Toward a complete human genome sequence.". Genome Res. 8 (11): 1097–108. 1999. PMID 9847074. doi:10.1101/gr.8.11.1097. 
  • Kosaki K, Kosaki R, Suzuki T et al. (2002). "Complete mutation analysis panel of the 39 human HOX genes.". Teratology 65 (2): 50–62. PMID 11857506. doi:10.1002/tera.10009. 
  • Larramendy ML, Niini T, Elonen E et al. (2003). "Overexpression of translocation-associated fusion genes of FGFRI, MYC, NPMI, and DEK, but absence of the translocations in acute myeloid leukemia. A microarray analysis.". Haematologica 87 (6): 569–77. PMID 12031912. 
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. PMC 139241. PMID 12477932. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. 
  • Méchine-Neuville A, Lefebvre O, Bellocq JP et al. (2003). "[Increased expression of HOXA9 gene in Hirschsprung disease]". Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol. 26 (12): 1110–7. PMID 12520199. 
  • Hillier LW, Fulton RS, Fulton LA et al. (2003). "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7.". Nature 424 (6945): 157–64. PMID 12853948. doi:10.1038/nature01782. 
  • Strathdee G, Sim A, Parker A et al. (2007). "Promoter hypermethylation silences expression of the HoxA4 gene and correlates with IgVh mutational status in CLL.". Leukemia 20 (7): 1326–9. PMID 16688227. doi:10.1038/sj.leu.2404254. 

External links

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