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Hague Conference on Private International Law

The Hague Conference on Private International Law
320 px
Member states of the organisation (2012)
Established Template:If empty
Type IGO
Region
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Membership
77 countries and European Union
secretary general
Christophe Bernasconi
Budget
€ 3,767,360.00 (Primary)
€ 450,000 (Supplementary)(est.)
Employees
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Website official website
Formerly called
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The Hague Conference on Private International Law (or HCCH, for Hague Conference/Conférence de La Haye) is the preeminent organisation in the area of private international law. The HCCH was formed in 1893 to "work for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law". It has pursued this goal by creating and assisting in the implementation of multilateral conventions promoting the harmonisation of conflict of laws principles in diverse subject matters within private international law. The Conference has developed thirty-eight international conventions since its Statute was completed in 1951. A significant number of these Conventions are currently in force and mostly focus on conflict of laws rules, administrative cooperation, jurisdiction and applicable law, e.g. on the law applicable to maintenance obligations, accidents in road traffic, the liability products, matrimonial or inheritance. (See List of Hague Conventions on Private International Law.) HCCH Conventions and instruments are open for adoption or ratification by non-members of HCCH.

As at August 2014, 77 countries were members of the Hague Conference. Besides all 28 member states of the European Union being members of the Conference, the European Union is itself also a member, making a total of 78 members. In 2005, the Statute of the Conference was amended to permit Regional Economic Integration Organisations to become members, leading to European Union membership in 2007.

Recent developments

The 20th Diplomatic Session of the Conference, held from 14 to 28 June 2005, saw two major developments:

  • The statute of the Conference was amended (for the first time in over 50 years) to expand the possibility of membership to Regional Economic Integration Organisations such as the European Union;
  • The Conference concluded and opened for ratification the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements, a project which had been in negotiation for nearly 15 years. States applying this instrument agree to recognize and enforce decisions reached by courts of another signatory state if the dispute was governed by a valid choice of court agreement concluded between the parties to the dispute.
  • The 21st Diplomatic Session, held from 5 to 23 November 2007, led to the adoption of two new instruments: the Convention of 23 November 2007 on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance and the Protocol of 23 November 2007 on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations.
  • Hans van Loon, Secretary General from 1996 to 2013, was succeeded by Christophe Bernasconi on 1 July 2013.

Members

State Member since
23x15px Albania 4 June 2002
23x15px Argentina 28 April 1972
23x15px Australia 1 November 1973
23x15px Austria 15 July 1955
23x15px Belarus 12 July 2001
23x15px Belgium 15 July 1955
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 June 2001
23x15px Brazil 23 February 2001
23x15px Bulgaria 22 April 1999
23x15px Canada 7 October 1968
23x15px Chile 25 April 1986
23x15px China 3 July 1987
23x15px Costa Rica 27 January 2011
23x15px Croatia 12 June 1995
23x15px Cyprus 8 October 1984
23x15px Czech Republic 28 January 1993
23x15px Denmark 15 July 1955
23x15px Ecuador 2 November 2007
23x15px Egypt 24 April 1961
23x15px Estonia 13 May 1998
23x15px European Union 3 April 2007
23x15px Finland 2 December 1955
23x15px France 20 April 1964
23x15px Georgia 28 May 2001
23x15px Germany 14 December 1955
23x15px Greece 26 August 1955
23x15px Hungary 6 January 1987
Template:Country data Iceland 14 November 2003
Template:Country data India 13 March 2008
23x15px Ireland 26 August 1955
Template:Country data Israel 24 September 1964
23x15px Italy 26 June 1957
Template:Country data Japan 27 June 1957
Template:Country data Jordan 13 June 2001
23x15px Latvia 11 August 1992
23x15px Lithuania 23 October 2001
23x15px Luxembourg 12 March 1956
23x15px Malaysia 2 October 2002
23x15px Malta 30 January 1995
23x15px Mauritius 19 January 2011
23x15px Mexico 18 March 1986
23x15px Monaco 8 August 1996
23x15px Montenegro 1 March 2007
23x15px Morocco 6 September 1993
23x15px Netherlands 15 July 1955
23x15px New Zealand 5 February 2002
23x15px Norway 15 July 1955
23x15px Panama 29 May 2002
23x15px Paraguay 28 June 2005
23x15px Peru 29 January 2001
23x15px Philippines 14 July 2010
23x15px Poland 29 May 1984
23x15px Portugal 15 July 1955
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea || 20 August 1997
23x15px Republic of Macedonia 20 September 1993
23x15px Romania 10 April 1991
23x15px Russia 6 December 2001
23x15px Serbia 26 April 2001
23x15px Slovakia 26 April 1993
23x15px Slovenia 18 June 1992
23x15px South Africa 14 February 2002
23x15px Spain 15 July 1955
23x15px Sri Lanka 27 September 2001
23x15px Suriname 7 October 1977
23x15px Sweden 15 July 1955
23x16px  Switzerland 6 May 1957
23x15px Turkey 26 August 1955
23x15px Ukraine 3 December 2003
23x15px United Kingdom 15 July 1955
23x15px United States 15 October 1964
23x15px Uruguay 27 July 1983
23x15px Venezuela 25 July 1979
23x15px Vietnam 10 April 2013
23x15px Zambia 17 May 2013

Former member states are Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

Permanent Bureau

Located in the International Zone alongside many other international organizations and diplomatic missions in The Hague, the Permanent Bureau is the Conference's secretariat. It has regional offices located in Buenos Aires and Hong Kong

See also

References

External links