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Halki (Greece)

"Chalki" redirects here. For other places with the same name, see Chalki (disambiguation).
<tr class="mergedbottomrow"><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center">

Coordinates: 36°14′N 27°34′E / 36.233°N 27.567°E / 36.233; 27.567Coordinates: 36°14′N 27°34′E / 36.233°N 27.567°E / 36.233; 27.567{{#coordinates:36|14|N|27|34|E|type:city_region:GR|| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> Greece</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Administrative region</th><td> South Aegean</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Regional unit</th><td> Rhodes</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Area</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Municipality</th><td> 37.04 km2 (14.30 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Highest elevation</th><td> 601 m (1,972 ft)</td></tr><tr class="mergedbottomrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Lowest elevation</th><td> 0 m (0 ft)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Population (2011)[1]</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Municipality</th><td> 478</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Municipality density</th><td> 13/km2 (33/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Community</th></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Time zone</th><td> EET (UTC+2)</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Summer (DST)</th><td> EEST (UTC+3)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 851 10</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area code(s)</th><td> 22460</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Vehicle registration</th><td> ΚΧ, ΡΟ, ΡΚ</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Website</th><td> www.dimoschalkis.gr</td></tr></table>

Halki (Greek: Χάλκη; alternatively Chalce or Chalki) is a Greek island and municipality in the Dodecanese archipelago in the Aegean Sea, some Script error: No such module "convert". west of Rhodes. With the area of Script error: No such module "convert"., it is the smallest inhabited island of Dodecanese. It is part of the Rhodes regional unit.[2] It has permanent population of 330 (increased during the summer months), concentrated in the only village Emborio. The 2011 census showed a population of 478 inhabitants. The community is divided in two parts, Chorio (also spelled Horio - the village) Χωριό and Emporio Εμποριό (the port).

History

The island supported a much larger population but following emigration in the mid-20th century Chorio was almost completely abandoned. A sizable group of the residents moved to Tarpon Springs, Florida, establishing the Greek-American community there that continues to this day. A ruined medieval castle of the Knights of St. John overlooks the old town and the chapel contains some of the original frescoes.

List of Halki rulers:

Halki (or Chalki)
Χάλκη
The port of Emporio
The port of Emporio
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Roman Empire 27 BC - 395
Byzantine Empire 395 - 7th century
Arabs 7th century - 825
Byzantine Empire 825 - 1204
Venice 1204 -
Genoa - 1523
Ottoman Empire 1523 - 1912
Italy 1912–1948
Greece 1948

Municipality

The Municipality of Chalki includes several uninhabited offshore islands, the largest of which is Alimia to the northeast, and has a total land area of Script error: No such module "convert".. The island's primary industry is tourism, although fishing is also substantial. There is virtually no natural water supply on the island and rainfall is collected in large cisterns. Drinking water is brought in from Rhodes but there can be shortages during the summer months with the increased population. As of 2014 there is a desalination plant on the island and the water boat no longer comes every few days. However, bottled water still arrives.

People

Dimitris Kremastinos (born 1942), former Greek Minister of Health (1993 - 1996)

References

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (in Greek). 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior Invalid language code.

-Maria Z. Sigala, Ckalke from the Early Christian Period to the End of the Period of the Knights (5th century - 1523): Monuments, Architecture, Topography, Society, Athens 2011 (unpublished doctoral thesis). -Maria Z. Sigala, "Kellia on Chalki in the Dodecanese. The date of the wall-paintings and their significance", Deltion of the Christian Archaeological Society 30, Athens 2009, 149-158 (in Greek with an English summary).

External links

16x16px Media related to Halki at Wikimedia Commons


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