Hard Rock Cafe
|Hard Rock Cafe logo|
|Industry||Casual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels|
London, United Kingdom|
(June 14, 1971)
|Headquarters||Orlando, Florida, United States|
Hamish Dodds, President/CEO|
John Galloway, CMO
Tom Gispanski, CFO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
|Owner||Seminole Tribe of Florida|
Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and is headquartered in Orlando, Florida. Currently, there are 191 Hard Rock locations in 59 countries including 145 cafes, 21 hotels and 10 casinos.
The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on 14 June 1971, in Piccadilly, London, United Kingdom under the ownership of young Americans Peter Morton and Isaac Tigrett. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor but it later started to display memorabilia. Hard Rock has amassed one of the largest collections of rock and roll memorabilia in the world. The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris and Berlin. Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds casino. However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton, Peter retained hotel naming rights West of the Mississippi. When Peter Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Group, he also sold those naming rights, which then gave rise to two U.S. franchise Hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised off from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.
In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million. In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.
HRC is known for its collection of rock and roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete." Hard Rock's archive includes over 77,000 items, and is the largest private collection of Rock and Roll memorabilia in the world. Marquis pieces from the collection were briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations. The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe. In 2005, Deep Purple launched its new album Rapture of the Deep in Hard Rock Cafe London. This show at the release party itself was released as a DVD.
The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the Cafe.
Expansion into other businesses
Casinos and hotels
In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia and Vancouver, British Columbia. The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space. In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn.
Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas,Tulsa, Sioux City and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that manages Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid. The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Vallarta - as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Biloxi, Mississippi; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Tulsa Catoosa, Oklahoma. The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California is being converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel, with the transition expected to be completed by 2014. A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned but canceled.
International locations include
- Hard Rock Casino, at The Printworks in Manchester, United Kingdom (closed)
- Hard Rock Hotel, at the City of Dreams in Macau
- Hard Rock Hotel, at the Resorts World Sentosa in Singapore
- Hard Rock Hotel Penang
- Hard Rock Casino Vancouver, In Coquitlam British Columbia Canada
- Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
- Hard Rock Hotel in Panama Megapolis, Panama City, Panama
Hard Rock Park
Hard Rock Cafe International announced in March 2006 that it licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million Script error: No such module "convert". theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring. On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over 2 months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7 (triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors) and closing the park.
New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme but, without the Hard Rock name by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and never reopened due to poor attendance.
Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of Florida
On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006. The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable. On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.
On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.
List of locations
This list currently mentions Hard Rock Cafes only and not the other type of venues, such as Bars and Hotels.
|Location (city)||Location (country)||Established||Status|
|23x15px London||United Kingdom||June 14, 1971||Open|
|23x15px Toronto||Canada||June 23, 1978||Open|
||United States||October 24, 1982||Closed December 31, 2006|
|Template:Country data Japan Roppongi||Japan||July 4, 1983||Open|
||United States||April 12, 1984||Relocated to Times Square on August 12, 2005|
||United States||September 10, 1984||Closed August 26, 2002, Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf|
|23x15px Stockholm||Sweden||April 16, 1985||Open|
|23x15px Chicago||United States||June 17, 1986||Open|
||United States||November 6, 1986||Relocated May 21, 2000|
||United States||November 28, 1986||Relocated July 15, 2009|
||Mexico||June 9, 1987||Unauthorized location|
||United States||July 17, 1987||Relocated May 21, 2000|
| Template:Country data Iceland
||Iceland||July 25, 1987||Closed May 29, 2005|
||United States||December 11, 1987||Relocated December 29, 2012|
||United States||December 11, 1988||Closed October 13, 2008 (Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened)|
||Australia||April 1, 1989||Closed October 22, 2007, Relocated Dec 6, 2011.|
||Canada||June 6, 1989||Closed September 27, 2009|
||United States||June 12, 1989||Relocated July 2, 2007|
||Mexico||December 8, 1989||Unauthorized location|
|23x15px Washington, D.C.||United States||January 1, 1990||Open|
|23x15px Singapore||Singapore||February 6, 1990||Open|
||United States||June 7, 1990||Relocated December 11, 1998|
|23x15px Maui||United States||July 23, 1990||Open|
|23x15px Las Vegas at Hard Rock Hotel||United States||September 7, 1990||Open|
||Canada||September 20, 1990||Closed September 27, 2009|
||Mexico||December 30, 1990||Closed early 2012|
||United States||January 22, 1991||Closed November 1, 2000|
||Canada||April 1, 1991||Closed June 1, 2000|
|23x15px Bangkok||Thailand||April 22, 1991||Open|
|23x15px Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||November 23, 1991||Open|
|23x15px Paris||France||November 24, 1991||Open|
| Template:Country data Japan
||Japan||January 17, 1992||Closed September 14, 2001|
||Mexico||April 26, 1992||Closed June 19, 2008|
||Germany||May 18, 1992||Relocated April 26, 2010|
| Template:Country data Indonesia
||Indonesia||October 2, 1992||Relocation to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004.|
|23x15px Atlanta||United States||November 9, 1992||Open|
||United States||November 23, 1992||Closed June 23, 2005|
||US Virgin Islands, United States||December 17, 1992||Closed April 24, 2005|
||Puerto Rico||March 5, 1993||Closed April 22, 2011. Planned to be relocated in fall 2014.|
| Template:Country data Israel
||Israel||July 1993||Closed December, 1997|
|23x15px Miami||United States||September 21, 1993||Open|
||Mexico||September 23, 1993||Closed May, 2013|
|Template:Country data Indonesia Bali||Indonesia||October 3, 1993||Open|
|23x15px <s>Taipei||Taiwan||December 22, 1993||Closed February 3, 2002|
||China||May 14, 1994||Closed Sept 30, 2012|
|23x15px Nashville||United States||June 21, 1994||Open|
||Mexico||October 22, 1994||Unauthorized location. Planned to be relocated in early 2015.|
| Template:Country data Hong Kong
||Hong Kong||November 13, 1994||Closed November 24, 2008.|
|23x15px Madrid||Spain||November 25, 1994||Open|
|23x15px San Antonio||United States||January 12, 1995||Open|
||Canada||January 15, 1995||Closed September 2, 2002|
| Template:Country data Hong Kong
||Hong Kong||March 18, 1995||Closed October 1, 1999|
||Canada||June 6, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
||Canada||July 7, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
|23x15px Myrtle Beach||United States||July 10, 1995||Open|
|23x15px Copenhagen||Denmark||July 18, 1995||Open|
||Canada||September 5, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
|23x15px Buenos Aires||Argentina||October 15, 1995||Open|
||Australia||October 21, 1995||Closed October 21, 2007|
||United States||October 21, 1995||Relocated February 25, 2002|
||Canada||October 22, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
||Taiwan||December 1995||Closed December, 1996|
||Mexico||December 10, 1995||Unauthorized location|
||Belgium||December 15, 1995||Closed April 24, 1997|
|23x15px Makati||Philippines||December 15, 1995||Open (Originally named Manilla, renamed shortly after)|
|23x15px Hollywood at Universal City Walk||United States||January 12, 1996||Open|
|23x15px Surfers Paradise||Australia||March 22, 1996||Open, Originally called Gold Coast.|
||Canada||June 26, 1996||Closed September 1, 2013|
|23x15px Niagara Falls, New York||United States||July 10, 1996||Open|
||China||August 2, 1996||Closed March 28, 2004|
||China||September 2, 1996||Closed May 18, 2003|
|23x15px Key West||United States||September 27, 1996||Open|
|23x15px Atlantic City||United States||November 15, 1996||Open|
||South Africa||November 22, 1996||Closed June 17, 2001|
|Template:Country data South Korea Seoul||South Korea||December 2, 1996||Reopened in April 8, 2008 but closed again in April, 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.|
|23x15px Niagara Falls Canada||Canada||December 9, 1996||Open|
||Lebanon||December 19, 1996||Closed September 9, 2013|
||China||May 27, 1997||Closed November, 1998|
| Template:Country data Japan
||Japan||July 1, 1997||Closed December 31, 2010|
|23x15px Baltimore||United States||July 4, 1997||Open|
|Template:Country data Japan Yokohama||Japan||July 18, 1997||Open|
||United States||August 13, 1997||Closed March 20, 2010|
| Template:Country data Jordan
||Jordan||August 14, 1997||Closed September, 2000|
|23x15px Bahrain||Bahrain||October 4, 1997||Open|
|23x15px Barcelona||Spain||November 10, 1997||Open|
|23x15px Memphis||United States||November 16, 1997||Open|
||United Arab Emirates||December 13, 1997||Closed for relocation March 8, 2009|
|23x15px Philadelphia||United States||January 15, 1998||Open|
||Peru||February 1999||Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated on December 2012.|
|23x15px Edinburgh||United Kingdom||March 28, 1998||Open|
|23x15px Guam||United States/Guam||May 10, 1998||Open|
||Turkey||May 27, 1998||Closed February 8, 2002|
|23x15px Lake Tahoe||United States||June 30, 1998||Open|
|23x15px Cleveland||United States||July 2, 1998||Open|
||United States||July 10, 1998||Closed December 7, 2008|
||United States||July 21, 1998||Closed July 21, 2008|
|23x15px Sharm el-Sheikh||Egypt||July 24, 1998||Open|
|23x15px San Diego||United States||July 28, 1998||Open|
|23x15px Saipan||Northern Mariana Islands, United States||August 18, 1998||Open|
|23x15px St. Louis||United States||August 24, 1998||Open|
|23x15px Denver||United States||November 5, 1998||Open|
||Mexico||November 7, 1998||Closed October, 2008|
|23x15px Rome||Italy||December 10, 1998||Open|
|23x15px Orlando||United States||December 11, 1998||Open|
|23x15px Amsterdam||Netherlands||March 20, 1999||Open|
|23x15px Indianapolis||United States||April 13, 1999||Open|
| Template:Country data Japan
||Japan||April 27, 1999||Closed December 31, 2003|
||United States||July 7, 1999||Closed May 9, 2004. Relocated to Hollywood, FL|
||United States||September 5, 1999||Relocating to Pigeon Forge|
||United Kingdom||April 14, 2000||Closed January 31, 2002|
|Template:Country data Japan Fukuoka||Japan||April 26, 2000||Open|
||United Kingdom||April 28, 2000||Closed October 10, 2013. Planned to be relocated in fall 2014.|
|23x15px Houston||United States||May 21, 2000||Open|
||Brazil||June 27, 2000||Closed for relocation July 25, 2011, Shop located at base of Corcovado currently|
|23x15px Manchester||United Kingdom||September 12, 2000||Open|
|23x15px Malta||Malta||November 25, 2000||Open|
|Template:Country data Japan Osaka Universal||Japan||March 22, 2001||Open|
||Egypt||May 4, 2001||Closed December 31, 2010|
||United Kingdom||May 10, 2001||Closed September 25, 2004|
||New Zealand||May 28, 2001||Closed September 28, 2004|
||Nicaragua||May 2001||Closed December, 2001|
|Template:Country data Japan Osaka||Japan||September 14, 2001||Open|
|23x15px Bogotá||Colombia||October 1, 2001||Open|
|23x15px Pattaya||Thailand||October 15, 2001||Open|
||United Kingdom||November 19, 2001||Closed May 5, 2007|
|23x15px Phoenix||United States||February 25, 2002||Open|
||United States||February 27, 2002||Closed January 2, 2006|
|23x15px Munich||Germany||February 25, 2002||Open|
|Template:Country data Japan Ueno-Eki||Japan||March 25, 2002||Open|
||United Kingdom||June 5, 2002||Closed November 12, 2007|
|23x15px Pittsburgh||United States||June 24, 2002||Open|
|23x15px San Francisco||United States||August 26, 2002||Open|
||United States||September 12, 2002||Closed September 30, 2011|
||United Kingdom||December 2, 2002||Closed July 2, 2007|
|23x15px Cologne||Germany||April 28, 2003||Open|
|23x15px Lisbon||Portugal||June 12, 2003||Open|
|23x15px Moscow||Russia||September 17, 2003||Open|
||Panama||September 8, 2004||Closed fall 2004|
||United Kingdom||October 13, 2003||Closed October 12, 2010|
||Bahamas||October 21, 2003||Unauthorized location. Relocated in June 2014.|
|23x15px Detroit||United States||November 10, 2003||Open|
||Italy||February 24, 2004||Closed November, 2006|
|23x15px Hollywood FL||United States||May 11, 2004||Open|
|23x15px Louisville||United States||May 31, 2004||Open|
|23x15px Dublin||Ireland||June 29, 2004||Open|
||United States||July 2, 2004||Closed June, 2014|
|Template:Country data Indonesia Jakarta||Indonesia||July, 2004||Relocation to Pacific Place to commence in April 2013|
|23x15px Foxwoods||United States||August 20, 2004||Open|
||Panama||September 8, 2004||Closed September 2013|
||Greece||September 14, 2004||Unauthorized location|
|23x15px Hurghada||Egypt||November 12, 2004||Open|
|Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait||Kuwait||November 20, 2004||Closed, February 28, 2014|
|23x15px Gothenburg||Sweden||December 10, 2004||Open|
|23x15px Caracas||Venezuela||May 12, 2005||Open|
|23x15px New York||United States||August 12, 2005||Open|
||Spain||December 2, 2005||Closed October, 2009|
|23x15px Oslo||Norway||December 12, 2005||Open|
|23x15px Nova Lima||Brazil||December 23, 2005||Open|
|23x15px Santo Domingo||Dominican Republic||July 14, 2006||Open|
|Template:Country data India Mumbai||India||September 12, 2006||Open|
| Template:Country data Japan
||Japan||September 15, 2006||Closed August 2012|
| Template:Country data Jamaica
||Jamaica||November 22, 2006||Closed February 3, 2011|
|23x15px Margarita||Venezuela||November 27, 2006||Open|
|23x15px Warsaw||Poland||February 8, 2007||Open|
|23x15px Biloxi||United States||July 1, 2007||Open|
|23x15px Boston||United States||July 2, 2007||Open|
|23x15px Punta Cana||Dominican Republic||July 2, 2007||Open|
|23x15px Fiji||Fiji||December 4, 2007||Open|
|23x15px Cartagena||Colombia||December 13, 2007||Open|
|Template:Country data India Bengaluru||India||December 29, 2007||Open|
|23x15px Singapore Changi Airport||Singapore||January 9, 2008||Open|
|23x15px Bucharest||Romania||January 20, 2008||Open|
| Template:Country data South Korea
||South Korea||April 8, 2008||Closed April, 2009|
|23x15px Mallorca||Spain||November 29, 2008||Open|
|23x15px Aruba||Aruba, Netherlands||December 12, 2008||Open|
|Template:Country data India Pune||India||January 11, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Yankee Stadium||United States||March 30, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Prague||Czech Republic||April 3, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Venice||Italy||April 9, 2009||Open|
|Template:Country data India New Delhi||India||June 4, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Dallas||United States||July 15, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Las Vegas||United States||September 5, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Penang||Malaysia||September 15, 2009||Open|
|Template:Country data India Hyderabad||India||September 21, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Marbella||Spain||October 30, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Phuket||Thailand||November 29, 2009||Open|
|23x15px Ho Chi Minh City||Vietnam||December 17, 2009||Open (rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate)|
|23x15px Seattle||United States||February 10, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Sentosa||Singapore||April 22, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Berlin||Germany||April 26, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Kraków||Poland||June 4, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Hollywood on Hollywood Blvd||United States||July 19, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Medellín||Colombia||September 3, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Honolulu||United States||November 22, 2010||Open|
||Greece||December 16, 2010||Closed October 10, 2012|
|23x15px Sint Maarten||Netherlands||December 20, 2010||Open|
|23x15px Tampa||United States||December 21, 2010||Open|
| Template:Country data Hong Kong
||Hong Kong||April 18, 2011||Closed December 24, 2014.|
|23x15px Florence||Italy||June 14, 2011||Open|
|23x15px Sydney||Australia||July 8, 2011||Open|
||Mexico||August 16, 2011||Closed (Prior to September 2012)|
|23x15px Hamburg||Germany||August 17, 2011||Open|
|23x15px Dubai||United Arab Emirates||November 18, 2011||Open|
|23x15px Sydney||Australia||December 6, 2011||Open|
|23x15px Budapest||Hungary||December 14, 2011||Open|
|23x15px Macau||China||February 14, 2012||Open|
|23x15px New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds Casino Resort||United States||July 11, 2012||Open|
|23x15px Brussels at Grand Place Brussels||Belgium||July 31, 2012||Open|
||Cyprus||October 14, 2012||Closed May 21, 2013|
|23x15px Helsinki||Finland||October 15, 2012||Open|
|23x15px Lima||Peru||December 19, 2012||Open|
|23x15px Santiago||Chile||December 20, 2012||Open|
|23x15px Nabq||Egypt||December 28, 2012||Open|
|23x15px New Orleans||United States||December 29, 2012||Open|
|Template:Country data Indonesia Jakarta||Indonesia||April 2013||Open|
|23x15px Melaka||Malaysia||June 12, 2013||Open|
|23x15px Ibiza||Spain||July 2013||Open|
|Template:Country data India Mumbai, Andheri West||India||August 2013||Open|
|23x15px Nice||France||November 2013||Open|
|23x15px Johannesburg||South Africa||November 2013||Open|
|23x15px Kota Kinabalu||Malaysia||December 2014||Planned|
|23x15px San José||Costa Rica||June 2013||Open|
|23x15px Guatemala City||Guatemala||2012||Open|
|23x15px Santa Cruz de la Sierra||Bolivia||February 24, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Tenerife||Spain||March 15, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Glasgow||United Kingdom||November 2013||Open|
|23x15px Northfield Park||United States||December 18, 2013||Open|
|23x15px Vienna||Austria||August 8, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Gdańsk||Poland||July 6, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Anchorage||United States||June 28, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Mall of America||United States||August 28, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Siem Reap||Cambodia||2013||Open|
|23x15px Phnom Penh||Cambodia||June 20, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Podgorica||Montenegro||February 8, 2015||Open|
|23x15px Luxembourg City||Grand Duchy of Luxembourg||2016||Planned|
|Template:Country data India Chennai||India||December 29, 2013||Open|
|23x15px Daytona Beach||United States||2016||Planned|
|Template:Country data Kazakhstan Almaty||Kazakhstan||November 5, 2014||Open|
|Template:Country data India Gurgaon||India||April 1, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Pigeon Forge||United States||May 20, 2014||Open (This is a move from Gatlinburg)|
|Republic of Korea||October 22, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Auckland||New Zealand||June 2015||Planned|
|23x15px Asuncion||Paraguay||December 2014||Open|
|23x15px Sioux City||United States||August 1, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Playas del Coco||Costa Rica||2014||Planned|
|23x15px Marseille||France||November 30, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Cayman Islands||United Kingdom||December 10, 2014||Open|
|23x15px Curitiba||Brazil||May 28, 2015||Planned|
|23x15px San Andrés||Colombia||2015||Planned|
|23x15px Lima (Larcomar)||Perú||2015||Planned|
- Morrison Hotel
- Planet Hollywood
- Bubba Gump Shrimp Company Restaurant and Market
- Rainforest Cafe
- T-Rex Cafe
- Fashion Cafe
- "Seminole tribe in Hard Rock deal". BBC News. 7 December 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "Hard Rock History". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved 2012-05-10
- Shankleman, Martin (18 July 2008). "Hard Rock wages 'below minimum'". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Townshend's Gibson Les Paul". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "The Hard Rock Vault". LostParks.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Montreux'2006 DVD details". The Highway Star. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Las Vegas Selects Rainmaker Group Revenue Management". Hospitalitynet. 22 June 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- William Spain (6 May 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal (marketwatch.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Amanda Finnegan (6 February 2009). "Hard Rock Hotel expansion hits another milestone". Las Vegas Sun (lasvegassun.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Steve Green (2 March 2011). "Hard Rock Hotel management group ends its run with resort". Las Vegas Sun (lasvegassun.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Hard Rock International and the Luckie Street Partners Announce Atlanta Hotel Development". Hard Rock Cafe. 24 October 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- Vincent, Roger. (2013, February 10). Palm Springs hotel to be converted into Hard Rock outpost. The Los Angeles Times.
- Wittkowski, Donald. (2012, September 13). Hard Rock casino developers scrap Atlantic City casino project The Press of Atlantic City.
- "S.C.'s Hard Rock Park files for bankruptcy after inaugural season". USA Today (usatoday.com). 25 September 2008. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
- "Hard Rock Park requests liquidation". Orlando Sentinel (Orlandosentinel.com). 3 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Coastal business: Freestyle Music Park attorney sees better market". The Sun News (myrtlebeachonline.com). 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Adrian Sainz (7 December 2006). "Seminoles buy Hard Rock cafe". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (seattlepi.com). Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- John Burstein (18 April 2007). "Seminoles, developer settle disputes". South Florida Sun-Sentinel (sun-sentinel.com). Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- "Seminole Tribe Finalizes Acquisition of Hard Rock International". PRnewswire (hotels-stl.com). 11 March 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- Brenda Farrington (3 July 2008). "Florida Supreme court nixes casino pact". The Seattle Times (seattletimes.com). Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
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|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hard Rock Cafe.|
- Official website
- Official Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Site
- Video review of the Hard Rock Cafe with on-site footage
- Video tour of the Hard Rock Hotel Singapore
- Hard Rock Memorabilia Gallery
- Regularly updated list of current, opening, and closed cafes (Unofficial)
- "Seattle welcomes Hard Rock Cafe"