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Hard Rock Cafe

For other uses, see Hard Rock Cafe (disambiguation).
"Hard Rock Hotel and Casino" redirects here. For other uses, see Hard Rock Hotel and Casino (disambiguation).
Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc.
Private
Industry Casual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels
Founded London, United Kingdom
(June 14, 1971)
Headquarters Orlando, Florida, United States
Key people
Hamish Dodds, President/CEO
John Galloway, CMO
Tom Gispanski, CFO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
Owner Seminole Tribe of Florida
Website www.hardrock.com

Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and is headquartered in Orlando, Florida.[1][2] Currently, there are 191 Hard Rock locations in 59 countries including 145 cafes, 21 hotels and 10 casinos.

History

Restaurants

File:HRC NY.jpg
Hard Rock Cafe located on Broadway in the heart of Times Square

The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on 14 June 1971, in Piccadilly, London, United Kingdom under the ownership of young Americans Peter Morton and Isaac Tigrett. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor but it later started to display memorabilia. Hard Rock has amassed one of the largest collections of rock and roll memorabilia in the world. The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris and Berlin.[3] Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds casino.[4] However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton, Peter retained hotel naming rights West of the Mississippi. When Peter Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Group, he also sold those naming rights, which then gave rise to two U.S. franchise Hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised off from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.

In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million.[1] In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.[5]

Music memorabilia

HRC is known for its collection of rock and roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete."[6] Hard Rock's archive includes over 77,000 items, and is the largest private collection of Rock and Roll memorabilia in the world. Marquis pieces from the collection were briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations.[7] The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe.[8] In 2005, Deep Purple launched its new album Rapture of the Deep in Hard Rock Cafe London. This show at the release party itself was released as a DVD.[9]

The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the Cafe.

Expansion into other businesses

Casinos and hotels

In 1995, Peter Morton spent $80 million to open the Hard Rock Hotel near the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada. A subsequent $100 million expansion in 1999 nearly doubled the hotel's capacity.[10]

In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia and Vancouver, British Columbia.[11] The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space.[12] In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn.[13]

Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas,Tulsa, Sioux City and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that manages Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid. The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Vallarta[14] - as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Biloxi, Mississippi; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Tulsa Catoosa, Oklahoma.[2] The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California is being converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel, with the transition expected to be completed by 2014.[15] A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned but canceled.[16]

International locations include

  • Hard Rock Casino, at The Printworks in Manchester, United Kingdom (closed)
  • Hard Rock Hotel, at the City of Dreams in Macau
  • Hard Rock Hotel, at the Resorts World Sentosa in Singapore
  • Hard Rock Hotel Penang
  • Hard Rock Casino Vancouver, In Coquitlam British Columbia Canada
  • Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
  • Hard Rock Hotel in Panama Megapolis, Panama City, Panama

Hard Rock Park

Hard Rock Cafe International announced in March 2006 that it licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million Script error: No such module "convert". theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring.[17] On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over 2 months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7 (triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors) and closing the park.[18]

New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme but, without the Hard Rock name by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and never reopened due to poor attendance.[19]

Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of Florida

On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006.[20] The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable.[21] On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.[22]

On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.[23]

List of locations

File:GHH 0023 kl.jpg
Big Guitar Sign At Hard Rock Cafe, Beirut, Lebanon
File:Hard Rock Cafe, New Delhi.jpg
Huge Guitar At Hard Rock Cafe, New Delhi

This list currently mentions Hard Rock Cafes only and not the other type of venues, such as Bars and Hotels.

Location (city) Location (country) Established Status
23x15px London United Kingdom June 14, 1971 Open
23x15px Toronto Canada June 23, 1978 Open
23x15px Los Angeles United States October 24, 1982 Closed December 31, 2006[24]
Template:Country data Japan Roppongi Japan July 4, 1983 Open
23x15px New York United States April 12, 1984 Relocated to Times Square on August 12, 2005
23x15px San Francisco United States September 10, 1984 Closed August 26, 2002, Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf
23x15px Stockholm Sweden April 16, 1985 Open
23x15px Chicago United States June 17, 1986 Open
23x15px Houston United States November 6, 1986 Relocated May 21, 2000
23x15px Dallas United States November 28, 1986 Relocated July 15, 2009
23x15px Cancún Mexico June 9, 1987 Unauthorized location[25]
23x15px Honolulu United States July 17, 1987 Relocated May 21, 2000
Template:Country data Iceland Reykjavík Iceland July 25, 1987 Closed May 29, 2005
23x15px New Orleans United States December 11, 1987 Relocated December 29, 2012
23x15px La Jolla United States December 11, 1988 Closed October 13, 2008 (Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened)
23x15px Sydney Australia April 1, 1989 Closed October 22, 2007, Relocated Dec 6, 2011.
23x15px Toronto SkyDome Canada June 6, 1989 Closed September 27, 2009
23x15px Boston United States June 12, 1989 Relocated July 2, 2007
23x15px Acapulco Mexico December 8, 1989 Unauthorized location[25]
23x15px Washington, D.C. United States January 1, 1990 Open
23x15px Singapore Singapore February 6, 1990 Open
23x15px Orlando United States June 7, 1990 Relocated December 11, 1998
23x15px Maui United States July 23, 1990 Open
23x15px Las Vegas at Hard Rock Hotel United States September 7, 1990 Open
23x15px Montreal Canada September 20, 1990 Closed September 27, 2009
23x15px Puerto Vallarta Mexico December 30, 1990 Closed early 2012
23x15px Aspen United States January 22, 1991 Closed November 1, 2000
23x15px Calgary Canada April 1, 1991 Closed June 1, 2000
23x15px Bangkok Thailand April 22, 1991 Open
23x15px Kuala Lumpur Malaysia November 23, 1991 Open
23x15px Paris France November 24, 1991 Open
Template:Country data Japan Osaka Japan January 17, 1992 Closed September 14, 2001
23x15px Tijuana Mexico April 26, 1992 Closed June 19, 2008
23x15px Berlin Germany May 18, 1992 Relocated April 26, 2010
Template:Country data Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia October 2, 1992 Relocation to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004.
23x15px Atlanta United States November 9, 1992 Open
23x15px Newport Beach United States November 23, 1992 Closed June 23, 2005
23x15px St. Thomas US Virgin Islands, United States December 17, 1992 Closed April 24, 2005
23x15px San Juan Puerto Rico March 5, 1993 Closed April 22, 2011. Planned to be relocated in fall 2014.
Template:Country data Israel Tel Aviv Israel July 1993 Closed December, 1997
23x15px Miami United States September 21, 1993 Open
23x15px Mexico City<s> Mexico September 23, 1993 Closed May, 2013
Template:Country data Indonesia Bali Indonesia October 3, 1993 Open
23x15px <s>Taipei Taiwan December 22, 1993 Closed February 3, 2002
23x15px Beijing China May 14, 1994 Closed Sept 30, 2012
23x15px Nashville United States June 21, 1994 Open
23x15px Cozumel Mexico October 22, 1994 Unauthorized location.[25] Planned to be relocated in early 2015.
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong Kowloon Hong Kong November 13, 1994 Closed November 24, 2008.
23x15px Madrid Spain November 25, 1994 Open
23x15px San Antonio United States January 12, 1995 Open
23x15px Kanata Canada January 15, 1995 Closed September 2, 2002
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong at Chater Road Hong Kong March 18, 1995 Closed October 1, 1999
23x15px Vancouver Canada June 6, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
23x15px Edmonton Canada July 7, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
23x15px Myrtle Beach United States July 10, 1995 Open
23x15px Copenhagen Denmark July 18, 1995 Open
23x15px Whistler Canada September 5, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
23x15px Buenos Aires Argentina October 15, 1995 Open
23x15px Melbourne Australia October 21, 1995 Closed October 21, 2007
23x15px Phoenix United States October 21, 1995 Relocated February 25, 2002
23x15px Banff Canada October 22, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
23x15px Taichung Taiwan December 1995 Closed December, 1996
23x15px Cabo San Lucas Mexico December 10, 1995 Unauthorized location[25]
23x15px Antwerp Belgium December 15, 1995 Closed April 24, 1997
23x15px Makati Philippines December 15, 1995 Open (Originally named Manilla, renamed shortly after)
23x15px Hollywood at Universal City Walk United States January 12, 1996 Open
23x15px Surfers Paradise Australia March 22, 1996 Open, Originally called Gold Coast.
23x15px Ottawa Canada June 26, 1996 Closed September 1, 2013
23x15px Niagara Falls, New York United States July 10, 1996 Open
23x15px Shanghai China August 2, 1996 Closed March 28, 2004
23x15px Guangzhou China September 2, 1996 Closed May 18, 2003
23x15px Key West United States September 27, 1996 Open
23x15px Atlantic City United States November 15, 1996 Open
23x15px Cape Town South Africa November 22, 1996 Closed June 17, 2001
Template:Country data South Korea Seoul South Korea December 2, 1996 Reopened in April 8, 2008 but closed again in April, 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.
23x15px Niagara Falls Canada Canada December 9, 1996 Open
23x15px Beirut Lebanon December 19, 1996 Closed September 9, 2013
23x15px Shenzhen China May 27, 1997 Closed November, 1998
Template:Country data Japan Nagoya Japan July 1, 1997 Closed December 31, 2010
23x15px Baltimore United States July 4, 1997 Open
Template:Country data Japan Yokohama Japan July 18, 1997 Open
23x15px Sacramento United States August 13, 1997 Closed March 20, 2010
Template:Country data Jordan Amman Jordan August 14, 1997 Closed September, 2000
23x15px Bahrain Bahrain October 4, 1997 Open
23x15px Barcelona Spain November 10, 1997 Open
23x15px Memphis United States November 16, 1997 Open
23x15px Dubai United Arab Emirates December 13, 1997 Closed for relocation March 8, 2009
23x15px Philadelphia United States January 15, 1998 Open
23x15px Lima Peru February 1999 Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated on December 2012.
23x15px Edinburgh United Kingdom March 28, 1998 Open
23x15px Guam United States/Guam May 10, 1998 Open
23x15px Ankara Turkey May 27, 1998 Closed February 8, 2002
23x15px Lake Tahoe United States June 30, 1998 Open
23x15px Cleveland United States July 2, 1998 Open
23x15px Salt Lake City United States July 10, 1998 Closed December 7, 2008
23x15px Kona United States July 21, 1998 Closed July 21, 2008
23x15px Sharm el-Sheikh Egypt July 24, 1998 Open
23x15px San Diego United States July 28, 1998 Open
23x15px Saipan Northern Mariana Islands, United States August 18, 1998 Open
23x15px St. Louis United States August 24, 1998 Open
23x15px Denver United States November 5, 1998 Open
23x15px Guadalajara Mexico November 7, 1998 Closed October, 2008
23x15px Rome Italy December 10, 1998 Open
23x15px Orlando United States December 11, 1998 Open
23x15px Amsterdam Netherlands March 20, 1999 Open
23x15px Indianapolis United States April 13, 1999 Open
Template:Country data Japan Kobe Japan April 27, 1999 Closed December 31, 2003
23x15px Ft. Lauderdale United States July 7, 1999 Closed May 9, 2004. Relocated to Hollywood, FL
23x15px Gatlinburg United States September 5, 1999 Relocating to Pigeon Forge
23x15px Oasis United Kingdom April 14, 2000 Closed January 31, 2002
Template:Country data Japan Fukuoka Japan April 26, 2000 Open
23x15px Cayman Islands United Kingdom April 28, 2000 Closed October 10, 2013. Planned to be relocated in fall 2014.
23x15px Houston United States May 21, 2000 Open
23x15px Rio de Janeiro Brazil June 27, 2000 Closed for relocation July 25, 2011, Shop located at base of Corcovado currently
23x15px Manchester United Kingdom September 12, 2000 Open
23x15px Malta Malta November 25, 2000 Open
Template:Country data Japan Osaka Universal Japan March 22, 2001 Open
23x15px Cairo Egypt May 4, 2001 Closed December 31, 2010
23x15px Belfast United Kingdom May 10, 2001 Closed September 25, 2004
23x15px Queenstown New Zealand May 28, 2001 Closed September 28, 2004
23x15px Managua Nicaragua May 2001 Closed December, 2001
Template:Country data Japan Osaka Japan September 14, 2001 Open
23x15px Bogotá Colombia October 1, 2001 Open
23x15px Pattaya Thailand October 15, 2001 Open
23x15px Birmingham United Kingdom November 19, 2001 Closed May 5, 2007
23x15px Phoenix United States February 25, 2002 Open
23x15px Austin United States February 27, 2002 Closed January 2, 2006
23x15px Munich Germany February 25, 2002 Open
Template:Country data Japan Ueno-Eki Japan March 25, 2002 Open
23x15px Nottingham United Kingdom June 5, 2002 Closed November 12, 2007
23x15px Pittsburgh United States June 24, 2002 Open
23x15px San Francisco United States August 26, 2002 Open
23x15px Minneapolis United States September 12, 2002 Closed September 30, 2011
23x15px Leeds United Kingdom December 2, 2002 Closed July 2, 2007
23x15px Cologne Germany April 28, 2003 Open
23x15px Lisbon Portugal June 12, 2003 Open
23x15px Moscow Russia September 17, 2003 Open
23x15px Panama Panama September 8, 2004 Closed fall 2004
23x15px Cardiff United Kingdom October 13, 2003 Closed October 12, 2010
23x15px Nassau Bahamas October 21, 2003 Unauthorized location.[25] Relocated in June 2014.
23x15px Detroit United States November 10, 2003 Open
23x15px Catania Italy February 24, 2004 Closed November, 2006
23x15px Hollywood FL United States May 11, 2004 Open
23x15px Louisville United States May 31, 2004 Open
23x15px Dublin Ireland June 29, 2004 Open
23x15px Destin United States July 2, 2004 Closed June, 2014
Template:Country data Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia July, 2004 Relocation to Pacific Place to commence in April 2013
23x15px Foxwoods United States August 20, 2004 Open
23x15px MultiCentro Panama September 8, 2004 Closed September 2013
23x15px Athens Greece September 14, 2004 Unauthorized location[25]
23x15px Hurghada Egypt November 12, 2004 Open
Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait Kuwait November 20, 2004 Closed, February 28, 2014
23x15px Gothenburg Sweden December 10, 2004 Open
23x15px Caracas Venezuela May 12, 2005 Open
23x15px New York United States August 12, 2005 Open
23x15px Playa del Inglés Spain December 2, 2005 Closed October, 2009
23x15px Oslo Norway December 12, 2005 Open
23x15px Nova Lima Brazil December 23, 2005 Open
23x15px Santo Domingo Dominican Republic July 14, 2006 Open
Template:Country data India Mumbai India September 12, 2006 Open
Template:Country data Japan Narita Japan September 15, 2006 Closed August 2012
Template:Country data Jamaica Ocho Rios Jamaica November 22, 2006 Closed February 3, 2011
23x15px Margarita Venezuela November 27, 2006 Open
23x15px Warsaw Poland February 8, 2007 Open
23x15px Biloxi United States July 1, 2007 Open
23x15px Boston United States July 2, 2007 Open
23x15px Punta Cana Dominican Republic July 2, 2007 Open
23x15px Fiji Fiji December 4, 2007 Open
23x15px Cartagena Colombia December 13, 2007 Open
Template:Country data India Bengaluru India December 29, 2007 Open
23x15px Singapore Changi Airport Singapore January 9, 2008 Open
23x15px Bucharest Romania January 20, 2008 Open
Template:Country data South Korea Seoul South Korea April 8, 2008 Closed April, 2009
23x15px Mallorca Spain November 29, 2008 Open
23x15px Aruba Aruba, Netherlands December 12, 2008 Open
Template:Country data India Pune India January 11, 2009 Open
23x15px Yankee Stadium United States March 30, 2009 Open
23x15px Prague Czech Republic April 3, 2009 Open
23x15px Venice Italy April 9, 2009 Open
Template:Country data India New Delhi India June 4, 2009 Open
23x15px Dallas United States July 15, 2009 Open
23x15px Las Vegas United States September 5, 2009 Open
23x15px Penang Malaysia September 15, 2009 Open
Template:Country data India Hyderabad India September 21, 2009 Open
23x15px Marbella Spain October 30, 2009 Open
23x15px Phuket Thailand November 29, 2009 Open
23x15px Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam December 17, 2009 Open (rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate)
23x15px Seattle United States February 10, 2010 Open
23x15px Sentosa Singapore April 22, 2010 Open
23x15px Berlin Germany April 26, 2010 Open
23x15px Kraków Poland June 4, 2010 Open
23x15px Hollywood on Hollywood Blvd United States July 19, 2010 Open
23x15px Medellín Colombia September 3, 2010 Open
23x15px Honolulu United States November 22, 2010 Open
23x15px Glyfada Greece December 16, 2010 Closed October 10, 2012
23x15px Sint Maarten Netherlands December 20, 2010 Open
23x15px Tampa United States December 21, 2010 Open
Template:Country data Hong Kong Hong Kong at Lan Kwai Fong Hong Kong April 18, 2011 Closed December 24, 2014.
23x15px Florence Italy June 14, 2011 Open[26]
23x15px Sydney Australia July 8, 2011 Open
23x15px Costa Maya Mexico August 16, 2011 Closed (Prior to September 2012)
23x15px Hamburg Germany August 17, 2011 Open[27]
23x15px Dubai United Arab Emirates November 18, 2011 Open[28]
23x15px Sydney Australia December 6, 2011 Open
23x15px Budapest Hungary December 14, 2011 Open[29]
23x15px Macau China February 14, 2012 Open
23x15px New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds Casino Resort United States July 11, 2012 Open[30]
23x15px Brussels at Grand Place Brussels Belgium July 31, 2012 Open[31]
23x15px Nicosia Cyprus October 14, 2012 Closed May 21, 2013
23x15px Helsinki Finland October 15, 2012 Open
23x15px Lima Peru December 19, 2012 Open
23x15px Santiago Chile December 20, 2012 Open
23x15px Nabq Egypt December 28, 2012 Open
23x15px New Orleans United States December 29, 2012 Open
Template:Country data Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia April 2013 Open
23x15px Melaka Malaysia June 12, 2013 Open
23x15px Ibiza Spain July 2013 Open
Template:Country data India Mumbai, Andheri West India August 2013 Open
23x15px Nice France November 2013 Open
23x15px Johannesburg South Africa November 2013[32] Open
23x15px Kota Kinabalu Malaysia December 2014 Planned[33]
23x15px San José Costa Rica June 2013 Open[33]
23x15px Guatemala City Guatemala 2012 Open[33]
23x15px Istanbul Turkey 2013 Open[34]
23x15px Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia February 24, 2014 Open[33]
23x15px Tenerife Spain March 15, 2014 Open
23x15px Doha Qatar 2015 Planned[33]
23x15px Glasgow United Kingdom November 2013 Open[35]
23x15px Northfield Park United States December 18, 2013 Open
23x15px Vienna Austria August 8, 2014 Open[36]
23x15px Gdańsk Poland July 6, 2014 Open
23x15px Anchorage United States June 28, 2014 Open[37]
23x15px Mall of America United States August 28, 2014 Open[38]
23x15px Brasilia Brazil 2014 Planned[33]
23x15px Siem Reap Cambodia 2013 Open
23x15px Phnom Penh Cambodia June 20, 2014 Open[39]
23x15px Podgorica Montenegro February 8, 2015 Open
23x15px Valencia Venezuela 2015 Planned
23x15px Luxembourg City Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2016 Planned
Template:Country data India Chennai India December 29, 2013 Open
23x15px Daytona Beach United States 2016 Planned[40]
Template:Country data Kazakhstan Almaty Kazakhstan November 5, 2014 Open
Template:Country data India Gurgaon India April 1, 2014 Open[33]
23x15px Pigeon Forge United States May 20, 2014 Open (This is a move from Gatlinburg)[33]
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea Seoul
Republic of Korea October 22, 2014 Open[33]
23x15px Shanghai China 2014 Planned[33]
23x15px Auckland New Zealand June 2015 Planned
23x15px Asuncion Paraguay December 2014 Open[41]
23x15px Sioux City United States August 1, 2014 Open[42]
23x15px Cali Colombia 2014 Planned
23x15px Playas del Coco Costa Rica 2014 Planned
23x15px Marseille France November 30, 2014 Open
23x15px Cayman Islands United Kingdom December 10, 2014 Open
23x15px Curitiba Brazil May 28, 2015 Planned
23x15px San Andrés Colombia 2015 Planned
23x15px Lima (Larcomar) Perú 2015 Planned
23x15px Cusco Perú 2016 Planned
23x15px Trujillo Perú 2017 Planned
23x15px Dresden Germany 2017 Planned

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Seminole tribe in Hard Rock deal". BBC News. 7 December 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  2. ^ a b "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  3. ^ "Hard Rock History". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  4. ^ Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved 2012-05-10
  5. ^ Shankleman, Martin (18 July 2008). "Hard Rock wages 'below minimum'". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  6. ^ "Townshend's Gibson Les Paul". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  7. ^ "The Hard Rock Vault". LostParks.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  8. ^ Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  9. ^ "Montreux'2006 DVD details". The Highway Star. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  10. ^ "The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Las Vegas Selects Rainmaker Group Revenue Management". Hospitalitynet. 22 June 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  11. ^ William Spain (6 May 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal (marketwatch.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  12. ^ Amanda Finnegan (6 February 2009). "Hard Rock Hotel expansion hits another milestone". Las Vegas Sun (lasvegassun.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  13. ^ Steve Green (2 March 2011). "Hard Rock Hotel management group ends its run with resort". Las Vegas Sun (lasvegassun.com). Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  14. ^ "Hard Rock International and the Luckie Street Partners Announce Atlanta Hotel Development". Hard Rock Cafe. 24 October 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  15. ^ Vincent, Roger. (2013, February 10). Palm Springs hotel to be converted into Hard Rock outpost. The Los Angeles Times.
  16. ^ Wittkowski, Donald. (2012, September 13). Hard Rock casino developers scrap Atlantic City casino project The Press of Atlantic City.
  17. ^ "S.C.'s Hard Rock Park files for bankruptcy after inaugural season". USA Today (usatoday.com). 25 September 2008. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  18. ^ "Hard Rock Park requests liquidation". Orlando Sentinel (Orlandosentinel.com). 3 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  19. ^ "Coastal business: Freestyle Music Park attorney sees better market". The Sun News (myrtlebeachonline.com). 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  20. ^ Adrian Sainz (7 December 2006). "Seminoles buy Hard Rock cafe". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (seattlepi.com). Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  21. ^ John Burstein (18 April 2007). "Seminoles, developer settle disputes". South Florida Sun-Sentinel (sun-sentinel.com). Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  22. ^ "Seminole Tribe Finalizes Acquisition of Hard Rock International". PRnewswire (hotels-stl.com). 11 March 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  23. ^ Brenda Farrington (3 July 2008). "Florida Supreme court nixes casino pact". The Seattle Times (seattletimes.com). Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  24. ^ Lesley Balla (8 January 2007). "Hard Rock Café Ain't Rockin' No More". Eater LA. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Franchise Agreements Terminated". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  26. ^ "Hard Rock Turns Up The Volume In Florence With Grand Opening Celebration". Hard Rock Cafe. 14 June 2011. 
  27. ^ "Hard Rock rocks its way to Hamburg" (Press release). 4Hoteliers.com. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  28. ^ Muby Asger (24 November 2011). "Love all, serve all: It's a Hard Rock life". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  29. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Budapest Now Open". abudapest.com. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  30. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe New Buffalo will have plenty to see (photo gallery)". MLive.com. 
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  32. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe Johannesburg". Facebook. 
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  34. ^ "Now Open". 
  35. ^ "Job listing for manager of Glasgow cafe". 
  36. ^ "HRC Wien hat geöffnet". 
  37. ^ "Hard Rock Cafe to open in spring in downtown Anchorage". 21 November 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  38. ^ http://www.hardrock.com/cafes/mall-of-america/
  39. ^ Maierbrugger, Arno (25 March 2013). "Finally: Hard Rock Cafe goes Cambodia". Inside Investor. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  40. ^ "Hard Rock hotel, cafe coming to Daytona Beach". Daytona Beach News Journal. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  41. ^ "El Hard Rock Café Asunción abrió sus puertas al público". ultimahora. 
  42. ^ "Hard Rock Sioux City casino draws big opening night crowds". Sioux City Journal. 

External links

International sites